Lisbon Statement On Hydrogen

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  • 1. Lisbon Statement on Hydrogen and Clean Energies • It is undeniable that the present accumulated corporative interests within university amount of knowledge in Science and departments. Technology can influence all aspects of • Technological challenges regarding large- human life and at the same time interferes scale Hydrogen production from renewable with our habitat, giving rise to drastic sources, and efficiently storing Hydrogen consequences for human health and quality of on board fuel-cell electric vehicles, life. urgently demand for in-depth fundamental • The real danger for attaining irreversible understanding. climate changes, critical levels of pollution • The appealing market for the electric vehicles and certain disease thresholds are now clearly driven by fuel-cells comes just in time when assumed by the main relevant institutions. people, aware of climate changes, demand a • The choice between healthy and harmful reduction of emissions in compliance with habitats is not a scientific issue but a cultural post-Kyoto commitments. one. When critical natural human needs are • Even though from renewable origin, energy threaten by technology development, then new production contributes to carbon dioxide cultural choices and roadmaps are demanded. increase. So, there is a need to compute all • Economical resources of the societies must be the energetic costs taking into account directed toward keeping human health at the efficiency and optimization. best possible level. In this regard, the search • It is of vital importance identifying the basic for clean and friendly energy alternatives that factors needed to start an effective process to mitigate warming and climate changes, must protect human life and culture from the be successfully developed. environment threats originated by fossil fuel • The ever-increasing demand for energy based energy resources. It is necessary to coupled with dwindling fossil fuel resources, endorse a truly international action towards and the security of supply, make the the implementation of Hydrogen as an establishment of a clean and sustainable effective energy vector. energy system a compelling need. • Hydrogen is a clean source of energy and does not contribute to the greenhouse effect, having Considering that “it is now too late to be the potential to replace the present fossil fuel pessimistic”, our proposals are: resources. • Hydrogen, as a new energy vector and • Governments should try to boost directly strongly connected with other renewable or indirectly the implementation of a energy resources, introduces the need to Hydrogen based Economy. deepen the knowledge in the Energy domain. • Governments should make efforts to • Furthermore, research in Hydrogen balance their trend in decreasing technology has reached a status of carbon dioxide emissions with the development already implemented at an implementation of effective technological experimental level in several countries. and scientific programmes to promote the • Traditional organization of most universities creation of a real Hydrogen based energy is still not suitable for a fruitful cross linking network. among the several areas of knowledge related • Governments should foster university with the field of Energy. A more efficient graduation and post-graduation courses in interaction between universities and energy the field of Energy and promote based industries must be sought. experimental research in the field. Taking • Energy is in fact a priority area for teaching into account the multidisciplinary and research. Actually, Energy Engineering characteristics of the subject, and the needs to be taught, starting at a graduation traditional organization of universities in level and including several subjects which distinct departments, it is strongly must not be imposed by pre-established recommended the creation of autonomous Departments of Energy, which should 1
  • 2. lead the above mentioned graduation and account the usual production in a post-graduation curricula in interaction thermoelectric power plant. with the other traditional departments. • These policies will significantly This process is well inspired in what contribute to assure a trend to carbon-free universities did in the recent past with energy technologies based on a vision of the creation of some successful a truly competitive economy, enabling new departments, as for instance the global development. Environment ones. • Energy based industries and related • The Governments policies regarding the technological research centres should be implementation of the Hydrogen encouraged to work in collaboration with Economy should assure that in case it the new university Energy Departments comes from hydrocarbon transformations already proposed. giving rise to carbon dioxide emissions, these must be sequestrated for further uses, or injected into the subsoil. Those who agree with the Lisbon • Governments should prepare legislation Statement for Hydrogen and Clean in order to assure that fuel production raw Energies engage, in doing everything materials and energy production devices possible to contribute for dissemination must be taxed accordingly to the amount of the ideas outlined in the present of produced carbon dioxide and document. other greenhouse gases; for example, computing the tax from the electric energy equivalent price, taking into ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ This statement was written in Lisbon (Portugal), on the 13th May 2009, by Carmen M. Rangel, César. A. Sequeira and Rui F. Lobo, in the sequence of the International Conference on Hydrogen, HYPOTHESIS VIII, and will be available on-line in order to be signed by scientists, institutions and all those who, in good faith, decide to join it. 2