BehavioristTheoryBy: Team 2Donahue S., Holly M.,Victoria C., Lisa H., KelseyM., Kesia A.
Key Points Also called the learning perspective People develop through conditioning with stimuli, rewards, and punishments Main components: Operant conditioning and classical conditioning
Key Points Cont. Learning focuses on behavior due to the environment Only focuses on reason for simple behavior and some predictive value of behavior Psychological disorders are best treated by altering behavior patterns or modifying the environment
Key PeopleIvan Pavlov (1849-1936): Classic Conditioning: “refers to the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus” (368) Taught dogs to salivate when they heard a bell, because they associated the bell with food Famous example of stimulus response
Key People (cont.) B.F. Skinner (1904-1990): Operant Conditioning: “learning is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns” (369) When people are rewarded for a behavior, then the behavior will continue When people receive a negative reinforcement to a behavior, then the behavior will stop
Key People Cont.Albert Bandura (1925-Present): Social Learning: Emphasizes motivation and self-regulation as opposed to environmental factors Observational Modeling: “watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior” (370) Idea behind many behavioral modification strategies Also famous for self-efficacy and imagery, which pertain to the Cognitivist Theory
Classroom Implications Teachers reinforce learning efforts through positive feedback Teachers punish inappropriate behavior Teachers may use behavior modification to create a healthy learning environment Teachers create homework that can be accessed at home to motivate students to work outside of the classroom, such as on a website
Classroom Implications Cont. Students learn what behavior will be rewarded and increase these They also learn what behaviors will be punished and decrease them Students watch how teachers and other students behave and mimic this behavior Students are more willing to do homework outside of the classroom if they can access it at home, such as emailing the homework to the teacher
My Own TeachingI will use this because it promotes a healthy learning environment I will use negative reinforcement to decrease negative behavior I will use technology to motivate students to do work outside of the classroom I will positively reinforce good behavior
Credits Shelly,Gary, Glenda Gunter, and Randolph Gunter. Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print. “Behaviorism and Technology in the Modern Classroom.” Derrickmgreen.wordpress.com. WordPress, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2011.
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