Behaviorist Theory
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Behaviorist Theory

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Behaviorist Theory Behaviorist Theory Presentation Transcript

  • BehavioristTheoryBy: Team 2Donahue S., Holly M.,Victoria C., Lisa H., KelseyM., Kesia A.
  • Key Points Also called the learning perspective People develop through conditioning with stimuli, rewards, and punishments Main components: Operant conditioning and classical conditioning
  • Key Points Cont. Learning focuses on behavior due to the environment Only focuses on reason for simple behavior and some predictive value of behavior Psychological disorders are best treated by altering behavior patterns or modifying the environment
  • Key PeopleIvan Pavlov (1849-1936):  Classic Conditioning: “refers to the natural reflex that occurs in response to a stimulus” (368)  Taught dogs to salivate when they heard a bell, because they associated the bell with food  Famous example of stimulus response
  • Key People (cont.) B.F. Skinner (1904-1990):  Operant Conditioning: “learning is controlled and results in shaping behavior through the reinforcement of stimulus-response patterns” (369)  When people are rewarded for a behavior, then the behavior will continue  When people receive a negative reinforcement to a behavior, then the behavior will stop
  • Key People Cont.Albert Bandura (1925-Present): Social Learning: Emphasizes motivation and self-regulation as opposed to environmental factors Observational Modeling: “watching something and then mimicking the observed behavior” (370) Idea behind many behavioral modification strategies Also famous for self-efficacy and imagery, which pertain to the Cognitivist Theory
  • Classroom Implications Teachers reinforce learning efforts through positive feedback Teachers punish inappropriate behavior Teachers may use behavior modification to create a healthy learning environment Teachers create homework that can be accessed at home to motivate students to work outside of the classroom, such as on a website
  • Classroom Implications Cont. Students learn what behavior will be rewarded and increase these They also learn what behaviors will be punished and decrease them Students watch how teachers and other students behave and mimic this behavior Students are more willing to do homework outside of the classroom if they can access it at home, such as emailing the homework to the teacher
  • My Own TeachingI will use this because it promotes a healthy learning environment I will use negative reinforcement to decrease negative behavior I will use technology to motivate students to do work outside of the classroom I will positively reinforce good behavior
  • Credits Shelly,Gary, Glenda Gunter, and Randolph Gunter. Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print. “Behaviorism and Technology in the Modern Classroom.” Derrickmgreen.wordpress.com. WordPress, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2011.