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  • 1. Best Practices In INS Immigration ServicesINS was the first governing body that had major control over the immigration issues of thecountry. The early days of US immigration history did not have any policy or legislation toregulate the immigrants. This was due to the fact that the Americans favored and actuallyencouraged open immigration. The country was greatly benefitted by the unique and varied skillsof the immigrants which led to a rapid development.How was the INS founded?The country’s first immigration ins law was passed in the year 1864, which encouragedimmigration by offering transportation and settlement benefits to the immigrants. Since theimmigrant numbers were within a controllable limit, every state was able to tackle the issue onits own. It was considered to be a domestic issue before the influx of immigrants began toincrease.The Immigration Act of 1891 authorized the US Federal Government to undertake completecontrol of the immigration system. This led to the formation of the Office of Immigration underthe US Department of Treasury. This streamlined the immigration process with the help of itsimmigration stations and its inspectors (offices who were stationed at all immigrant stations).Till the year 1933, Immigration and Naturalization were treated as two separate issues. Themerger of these two portfolios and the beginning of World War changed their importance. INSwas thus born and it was immediately entrusted with the major responsibility of managing thecountry’s security. INS functioned under the US Department of Justice and was headed by aCommissioner.Practices of the INSA general idea of the role of INS is that, it is concerned with the deportation of illegal aliens. Thetruth is that, this is only a part in the list of responsibilities of the USCIS. The following are thefunctions of the IN • Strict enforcement of immigration laws • Helping the asylee and refugees to get the benefits that they are entitled to • It works in association with other major departments like the Departments of State, Health, Human services, US Foreign Service and the UN
  • 2. The INS had a workforce of about more than 25,000 employees and control over more than 250 Ports of Entry into the US. This helped them to screen all those who were entering the US and declare them to be eligible or not. This saved a great deal of money as deportation costs were minimized. Illegal immigration became a persistent headache to the US after a few years of the formation of the INS. The entry of a large number of illegal aliens exposed the fragility of the nation’s borders as these were the main gateways for them. So the Border Patrol was put into action to continuously guard the borders and detain illegals. The officers patrol the borders on land, sea and air as the illegals find every possible way to come in to the US in an illegal fashion. Major accomplishments of the INS • Apprehension of more than 1.5 million of illegals • Deportation of these illegals and around 176,000 criminals from the US • Winning more than 45,000 criminal cases. • Receiving around 5 million applications ( immigration benefits and naturalization) which brought in a revenue of more than $1billion as fee.All these were accomplished in the year 1999 which could be considered as the most productiveand successful year for the INS.Reasons for its downfallIt was very difficult for this national body to balance both its responsibilities. Even though theUS was proud of the fact that it was the most favorite choice of immigrants, it found it verydifficult to manage the security issue at its borders. Immigration and naturalization procedureswere going on very smoothly until terrorists staged a monstrous attack on the World TradeCenter on September 11, 2001. Three newly formed components – USCIS, ICE and CBP thatwere placed under the newly formed US Department Of Homeland Security shared the functionsof the former INS.