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Ast 0064445 privcloud-teradata-cw

  1. 1. 2. Cloud CIO: 3 Private Cloud Use Case Scenarios Organizations looking to deploy private clouds must un- An interactive eGuide derstand where they’re headed. A development cloud is THE PRIVATE an appropriate start, but consider these three scenarios for how use of your cloud will evolve—for better or for worse, says CIO.com’s Bernard Golden CLOUD 6. Is Your Private Cloud Defensive or Responsive? Companies building private clouds mainly to keep devel- Today, enterprises in a variety of industries are trying to determine the best use of cloud options opers from going to public clouds are too focused on the in their organizations. The benefits – reduced cost, greater hardware utilization, scalability, and physical aspects of cloud—and missing the point about faster time to productivity, just to name a few – are enticing. However, there are concerns about the the operational requirements, says Forrester Research’s James Staten. Here, he shares five pieces of advice for known drawbacks to cloud-computing models, specifically security and control, that are making private cloud success private cloud models the best choice for many organizations today. Private clouds are emerging as a way for enterprises to take advantage of many of the benefits of the cloud model, but with less risk. 8. What the ‘Private Cloud’ In this eGuide, Computerworld and sister publications CIO and InfoWorld bring you a collection of Really Means articles with news, advice, and opinions on moving to private clouds. Read on to gain insight about The definition of the private cloud may be fuzzy, but it’s some of the effective uses for private cloud architectures, new ways of deploying them, and best all part of the age-old quest for greater efficiency in IT practices for getting the most out of these computing models. 10. Private Cloud Build the data center of your dreams 11. Financial IT Spotlight Turbulence pushing banks into the cloud 13. New Job for Mainframes: Hosting Private Clouds Big iron could be perfect for hosting a private cloud, but Custom publishing from where’s the user provisioning? COMPUTERWORLD 17. Private Cloud ResourcesSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 1 of 17
  2. 2. Point of View THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideCloud CIO: 3 Private Cloud are the downstream effects of moving to a private cloud? In introduces the potential for disrup- tion and failure. So why insert anUse Case Scenarios our work, we run across a num- entire new infrastructure into one in ber of scenarios, some of which which applications are quite hap- make sense, some of which don’t pily humming along? Note: This make sense, and some of which does not imply that existing envi-Organizations looking to deploy private clouds must understand are incomprehensible. I thought ronments will not have virtualiza-where they’re headed. A development cloud is an appropriate start, it might be useful to share what tion brought in. One of the most we see and what we predict are felicitous aspects of virtualization isbut consider these three scenarios for how use of your cloud will some of the ways private clouds that it provides great benefit—costevolve -- for better or for worse. By Bernard Golden, CIO will be used by those organiza- reduction via server consolidation— tions implementing them. without introducing much changeIT IS BY NOW a truism that most ing environment includes the ability mirable and useful in itself, is not A planning assumption that we at the application level.IT organizations are planning an for IT resource consumers like ap- cloud computing. bring to the table is that no orga-IT infrastructure strategy that in- plication developers to self-service In talking to a number of in- nization is going to insert a full- 2. Most existing applicationscludes cloud computing and that resource requests, along with au- formed people, it’s clear that pri- blown cloud infrastructure into won’t benefit from being placedan internal cloud (aka private tomated provisioning (aka orches- vate cloud implementations are their existing production applica- into a cloud computing environ-cloud) is a fundamental part of tration) of computing resources like moving forward in many organiza- tion environment. The reasons for ment. Most production applica-that strategy. virtual servers, network connectiv- tions, with RFPs to vendors out with this assumption are the following: tions are written with static topol- While trying to avoid getting ity, and storage. The mere deploy- an aim of contract award in 2011 ogy and manual administrationsucked into the vortex that is de- ment of virtualization enabling sup- and implementation in 2012. 1. A key principle of CIOs every- assumed, so they can’t take ad-fining cloud computing, I think it’s port of multiple virtual servers on The question is, how will that where is don’t mess with some- vantage of self-service and au-safe to say that a cloud comput- a single physical server, while ad- private cloud be used, and what thing that’s in and working. Change tomated elasticity. Therefore,Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 2 of 17
  3. 3. Point of View THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideinserting a cloud computing in- So, to summarize: putting cloud velopers are pretty expensive em- existing processes (which were, provide a more agile operationsfrastructure into the production computing into an existing pro- ployees, and avoiding long waits remember, created to manage environment could be made andenvironment is going to provide duction environment is disruptive for resources reduces costs. static topology, inelastic applica- pertinent measures taken.little improvement for these ap- and expensive, and doesn’t pro- The question is, if an organiza- tions in an often-process heavy The challenge with this scenar-plications. In any case, the lei- vide many benefits. This should tion’s initial foray into a private ITIL-like environment). io is that it is in conflict with whatsurely march of virtualization into explain our assumption that most cloud is aimed at developers, We believe the satisfaction lev- we see as the increasingly com-production environments should IT organizations will not retrofit what are the subsequent use sce- el to this strategy depends upon mon nature of future applications;call into question the belief that cloud computing into their pro- narios? In other words, once de- what proportion of newly-devel- that is, the nature of applicationsIT organizations are going to, over- duction computing environments. velopers begin using the private oped applications assume and is changing, with more highly vari-night, disperse cloud computing Given this, many IT organiza- cloud for development (and, of use the elastic automation associ- able workloads, much larger scale,capabilities throughout their pro- tions are directing their initial course, testing) purposes, what ated with cloud computing. Select- and more complex deployment to-duction infrastructure. private cloud initiatives at serv- happens? Here are common use ing this approach might depend pologies that are more difficult to ing developers, which makes a scenarios and their implications: upon organization-specific projec- manage in a manual fashion. In a3. Cloud computing is expensive lot of sense. Developers are typi- tions of future application elastic- phrase, there is an impedance mis-and disruptive to IT organizations. cally underserved by existing pro- Scenario One: Agile ity requirements. If the proportion match between the future of ap-We constantly see organizations cesses, and offering them a self- Development, Static of applications requiring elasticity plications and the operational as-that underestimate the cost and service option helps productivity Operations is rather low, this scenario might sumptions of this scenario.change of moving to cloud com- and, crucially, avoids many issues In this scenario, software and QA be perfectly acceptable. For theputing. Just the fact that a new associated with production pri- engineers are provided a private majority of newly-developed ap- Scenario Two: Agileterm — devops — needed to be vate clouds, like how to integrate cloud for development purposes, plications, static operation tech- Development, Semi-Agilecreated to describe how IT has to existing heavyweight processes but when it comes time for pro- niques would be appropriate. For Operationsoperate in a cloud environment like ITIL with agile self-service re- duction deployment, the applica- the minority of applications that In this scenario, new applicationsshould provide a clue about this. source assignment. Moreover, de- tion is operated according to the require elasticity, an exception to are placed into production in anSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 3 of 17
  4. 4. Point of View THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideoperations infrastructure that can tal number of applications. vide a production cloud environ- Scenario Three: Agile to be forwarded to an operationsupport elasticity, complex topolo- This is an attractive scenario, in ment well before planning to do Development, Bypassed administrator who would evaluategies, and automated administra- that it reduces overall disruption so. This “premature” productiza- Operations the request and, should it be ap-tion, while the existing applica- and provides a good deployment tion will inevitably cause problems This scenario presents an existen- propriate, would provision the re-tions continue to operate in the option for cloud-developed and and accelerated catch up. tial challenge to the mainstream in- sources himself and then forwardolder, static operations environ- -based applications. It avoids the frastructure operations organization information back to the devel-ment. One might think of this as challenges associated with the Second, it’s easy to underestimate and, indirectly, a threat to the finan- oper sufficient to begin using thebuilding an add-on to the existing impedance mismatch of the previ- the change necessary to operate an cial underpinnings of the entire IT or- resource. He really didn’t under-data center environment, which ous scenario. agile infrastructure. End-to-end au- ganization. In this scenario, develop- stand the difference between trueoperates by new rules. Two things to watch out for in tomation carries implications well ers attempt to use the private cloud self-service and email-enabled re- In a way, this scenario is con- this scenario: beyond installing a cloud software but, for various reasons, find some source requests. I wouldn’t care tosistent with the history of com- stack and declaring “open for cloud element of the environment unsatis- hear his response to the need forputing. New computing platforms First, the disconcerting way in business.” Just as it’s traditional that factory and choose to develop or de- self-provisioning elastic applica-don’t displace what already exists; which applications edge from “de- new platforms accrete around old ploy in a public cloud environment. tions directly provisioning resourc-the platforms accrete to what’s in velopment” to “production” with- ones, it’s also traditional for IT orga- An example of why this might es in response to system load.place. What commonly happens out an official recognition or ac- nizations to overemphasize technol- come to pass can be illustrated by This response is typical of orga-is that most new applications are knowledgement. IT operations may ogy and underrate people and pro- a scenario we ran into recently. In nizations responding to innovativedeployed on the new platform, find itself responsible for applica- cess. The outcome of this situation discussing cloud computing with developments. When confronting awhile existing platforms are lim- tions that it had no idea were go- is that the cloud application will suf- an infrastructure manager, we de- disruptive innovation, organizationsited to minor upgrades to existing ing to move into production, re- fer many problems when put into scribed the need for resource user commonly attempt to force-fit it intoapplications. And, of course, over quiring agile, elastic infrastructure. production as the operations group self service. The manager was fine existing processes and assump-time the new platform represents That is to say, IT operations may learns on the fly how to manage an with greater agility, he allowed, tions—usually unsuccessfully.the vast preponderance of the to- find themselves challenged to pro- automated, elastic application. but the request for resources had In this scenario, developers quiteSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 4 of 17
  5. 5. Point of View THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuidehappily begin to use the private This kind of situation can be resources that expects developers are deployed into public clouds vice, elastic provisioning, and agilecloud, but, when confronted with blunt or subtle, but, in the end, to justify why they want a server that support low friction interaction. operations fully committed to cloudunwillingness on the part of opera- falls short of what developers (or storage or whatever). Overall, organizations looking to computing characteristics. Anythingtions to support self-service, ap- want. One of the main points that Putting an unresponsive produc- deploy private clouds should thor- less will, in the end, fall short.plication elasticity, etc., become we emphasize with our clients is tion infrastructure behind an ag- oughly understand what they’redissatisfied with the offering and that cloud computing reduces ile development environment may signing up for. A development cloud Bernard Golden is CEO of consult-choose to either: (1) deploy the the friction in obtaining and using end up investing in a development is an appropriate start, but is not ing firm HyperStratus, whichapplication outside of the internal computing resources — discard- cloud that ends up unused. Even sufficient for a long-term plan. It’s specializes in virtualization, clouddata center; or (2) more worryingly, ing the endless requests, meet- worse, this scenario can hold the inevitable that a development cloud computing and related issues. Heturn their back on the private cloud ings, telephone calls, emails, potential for stranded investment, will be the first step toward imple- is also the author of “Virtualizationand choose to develop and deploy escalations, not to mention the as expensive production environ- menting a larger production environ- for Dummies,” the best-sellingin a public cloud environment. often heavy-handed rationing of ments lie fallow while applications ment capable of supporting self-ser- book on virtualization to date.Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 5 of 17
  6. 6. Expert Advice THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideIs Your Private Cloud Defensive dustries and geographies. Yet two characteristics are strong indica-or Responsive? tors of the likelihood of building a private cloud: company size and growth of the virtualized environ- ment. It’s no surprise that 60% ofCompanies building private clouds mainly to keep developers from going to public clouds are those prioritizing private clouds are at companies with more thantoo focused on the physical aspects of cloud -- and missing the point about the operational 1,000 employees. These large en-requirements, says Forrester Research’s James Staten. Here, he shares five pieces of advice terprises sink more investmentfor private cloud success. By James Staten, CIO into their own data centers, opera- tions personnel, and IT processes,A STRONG MINORITY of enter- not the operations — and it’s the traditional IT deployments means terprises their favored way of de- so they have more to lose if theprise IT shops are prioritizing the operations that make the cloud. faster time-to-market and higher livering cloud value without these business goes to the public cloud.development of a private cloud, “The Cloud” is no longer an elu- productivity for the business. But, risks is to set up a private cloud. Although the prioritization ofbut Forrester surveys suggest sive term that is just entering the consuming public cloud services The prioritization of building private clouds is affecting a widethese moves will fail. The reason market. Today, enterprises of all still poses major concerns for IT a private cloud grew in 2010 for range of organizations, invest-lies in the motivation behind these sizes and across all verticals are security and operations managers. 24% of IT decision makers who ments in several key areas differefforts and the focus. Most are talking about, and deciding how Security remains the number one view building an internal cloud as for those who are prioritizing ver-building private clouds to keep to implement cloud strategies. concern among senior IT decision- a high or critical priority. In exam- sus those who are not. Specifi-their developers from going to the That’s because the promise of in- makers—cited almost twice as of- ining these decision makers, we cally, increased investments arepublic cloud and are focused on stant access to a technology ser- ten as the next highest concern, found that the desire to adopt an being made in four infrastructurethe physical aspects of the cloud, vice at a fraction of the cost of maturity. As a result, for many en- internal private cloud crosses in- categories to accommodate theSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 6 of 17
  7. 7. Expert Advice THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideprivate cloud option, including the tizing a private cloud, but just do is private cloud desires simply just happen if capacity is avail- portant not to think that build-overall data center budget and not have the operational maturity won’t be met. It’s time to find out able. This may not provide the 15 ing a private cloud will suddenlyconsulting and outsourcing ser- to pull it off, here are a few rec- whos holding back this effort and minute timelines that developers squash a company’s interest invices. But, these same organiza- ommendations to get ahead of why. We’ve found that virtual en- are accustomed to with public public clouds. That’s because thetions are still not investing enough the problem: vironment administrators are of- clouds solutions, but it greatly im- elasticity, scale, and economicsin key operational requirements ten trying to protect their jobs and proves the experience with I&O. are superior in public cloud offer-that are essential to guarantee- 1. Set the right expecta- consequently don’t share their ings. My advice: don’t fight it. Em-ing the success of a private cloud. tions with your executives. knowledge. These workers need 4. Seek a hosted cloud brace public clouds as part of theFor example, automation and self- If the company is expecting a pri- to be shown a path of career ad- provider if it’s too soon to strategy and draw lines of distinc-service portals are two major fac- vate cloud to be up and running vancement as they move to a automate and empower. tion between what is best for thetors contributing to a well-oiled in the next year, the infrastructure higher value role in private cloud If it’s a struggle to standardize public cloud and what should re-private cloud. Yet, 44% of those and operations team may have operations. For example, they and automate virtualized infra- main in-house. Force-fitting everyprioritizing private clouds have been sold up the river. Implement- can improve the use of the virtu- structure, or there’s reluctance workload into a private cloud, nono plans to invest in automation ing a private cloud isn’t as simple al environment and managing the to empower developers, you sim- matter how capable the solutionsoftware for their virtualized envi- as the vendors say, and simply pool, not the individual VMs. ply aren’t ready to build or oper- is, will ultimately be a disservice.ronment. And only 11% of cloud saying the virtual server environ- ate a private cloud yourself. If thisbuilders have a self-service por- ment is a private cloud probably 3. Realize a self-service is the case, refocus efforts on a James Staten is Vice Presidenttal implemented today, while 62% won’t fit the bill either. portal doesn’t mean loss service provider who can offer a and Principal Analyst at Forresterare interested, but holding off. It’s of control. There should be an hosted private cloud solution. Research, serving infrastructuregoing to be very difficult to lure 2. Standardize and auto- approval workflow between the re- and operations professionals.developers away from the public mate the virtual environ- quest and the deployment. But, 5. Map workloads to thecloud without these core features. ment. Without aggressively pur- once the approval has been re- appropriate private and If you’re one of the 24% priori- suing these steps, the bottom line ceived, the deployment should public cloud options. It’s im-Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 7 of 17
  8. 8. Opinion THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideWhat the ‘Private Cloud’ Really Means ago with its WebSphere Cloud-The definition of the private cloud may be fuzzy, but it’s all part of the age-old Burst Appliance , which is basi-quest for greater efficiency in IT By Eric Knorr, InfoWorld cally a blade server preconfigured for Java dev and test that lets de-CLOUD COMPUTING has two turning to an Internet-based ser- mins, and live happily ever af- we can see the real cost of IT!), velopers self-provision resourcesdistinctly different meanings. vice. The idea is that you get all ter with vastly reduced costs. Not and identity-based security helps through a Web interface, with me-The first is simple: The use of any the scalability, metering, and even the goofiest know-nothing ensure only authorized people get tering of those resources built in.commercial service delivered over time-to-market benefits of a pub- believes that one anymore. access to the infrastructure and HP jumped into the privatethe Internet in real time, from Am- lic cloud service without ceding Yet, despite natural skepticism, application resources they need. cloud feet first with its CloudStartazon’s EC2 to software as a ser- control, security, and recurring the private cloud appears to be Predictably, no early private solution, which combines hard-vice offered by the likes of Sales- costs to a service provider. taking shape. The technologies cloud adopters (none that I’ve ware (HP BladeSystem Matrix),force or Google. I’ve ridiculed the private cloud underlying it are pretty obvious, heard of, anyway) have made the software (HP Cloud Service Auto- The second meaning of cloud in the past, for two reasons. First, beginning with virtualization (for quixotic attempt to turn their en- mation), and professional servic-computing describes the archi- because all kinds of existing tech- easy scalability, flexible resource tire infrastructure into a private es (HP Cloud Consulting) to yieldtecture and technologies neces- nologies and approaches can be management, and maximum cloud. Instead, they have identi- private cloud deployments with-sary to provide cloud services. grandfathered into the definition. hardware utilization) and data fied certain areas where the cloud in 30 days. Rather than dev andThe hot trend of the moment is And second, because it smacks center automation (mainly for au- model makes sense, such as test, HP is focusing on deliveringthe so-called private cloud, where of the mythical “lights out” data to-provisioning of physical hosts). dev and test, a low-risk use case business applications as privatecompanies in effect “try cloud center, where you roll out a bunch Chargeback metering keeps busi- we’ve heard about for awhile. IBM cloud “services,” from Microsoftcomputing at home” instead of of automation, lay off your ad- ness management happy (look, ventured into this area over a year Exchange to Oracle PeopleSoft toSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 8 of 17
  9. 9. Opinion THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideSAP Business Objects. back, and so on. goods or services, partner clouds er. On the other hand, one of the on top of pooled, well-managed You can argue, of course, that A multipurpose appliance is one actually deliver services. most exciting use cases for the virtual resources has legs, be-this is just another prepackaged way to skin the private cloud. But So on the one hand, the pri- private cloud is the ability for en- cause it has the potential to takedeal of the type consultancies if you ask me, the most interesting vate cloud is just another step to- terprises to establish quasi-pub- a big chunk of cost and menialhave been offering for years. The emerging use case for the private ward the commodification of IT, lic clouds for partners, which may labor out of the IT equation. Themain difference is that so much cloud is what you might call the where internal customers pick accelerate business-to-business e- lights in the data center will nevercloudy stuff comes in the big “partner cloud.” Just as a decade from a menu of metered services commerce in unanticipated ways. go out. The drive for greater effi-honking blade server package— ago companies began offering Web across a virtualized infrastructure, Without question, the private ciency, though, has had a dozenvirtual machine management, portals for their customers and rather than specifying the nth re- cloud comes with a large dose of names in the history of IT, and theauto-provisioning, virtualization- partners, with Web forms for man- quirement for custom deploy- hogwash. Nonetheless, the model private cloud just happens to bebased disaster recovery, charge- aging accounts and ordering new ments that tie up resources forev- of providing commodity services the latest one. •Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 9 of 17
  10. 10. Opinion THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuidePrivate If you’re a CIO with a data center agement software. VMware, old goals: Consolidate workloads to run, that has to make you think. Microsoft, the OpenStack open on a shared infrastructure to in- Assuming you’re not ready to en- source project, and many others crease utilization and lower costs,Cloud trust your company’s crown jewels are building cloud-oriented au- while taking increasing advan- to the public cloud, couldn’t you tomation and controls on top of tage of virtualization to respond satisfy IT requests faster internal- today’s virtualization platforms. more quickly to business needs. ly by borrowing from the Amazon Depending on the number and Someday, either through propri- playbook? Standardize on com- sophistication of your users, you etary links or open APIs, your pri-Build the data center of your dreams modity servers and storage. Con- may not need or want elabo- vate cloud may integrate with oneBy Doug Dineley, InfoWorld nect them using a converged IP rate self-service and chargeback or more public clouds, allowing network infrastructure. Layer on mechanisms. Your on-demand re- you to migrate or extend work-IF YOU BUILD IT, they will come” hours, hundreds of developers virtualization to support resource source pool might exist only to loads in ways that make businessmay be a line from a baseball had jumped at the chance to spin pooling, isolated multitenancy, au- serve other IT groups within the sense. In the meantime, buildingfantasy, but it describes what re- up some servers simply by open- tomated provisioning, and dynam- company, as a shared platform a fast and flexible private cloudally happened in the world of ing their browsers and typing in ic scaling and contraction. Provide for batch processing or short-term may be the only way to discour-cloud computing. One late sum- their credit card numbers. Today, a Web front end and workflow en- projects or to allow your develop- age the people you serve—be theymer day in 2006, online book- Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud gine that allows your “customers” ment and test teams to do their developers, marketing managers,seller Amazon.com quietly made is the foundation for countless to serve themselves, and bill them thing without burdening server, or entire business units -- froma portion of its excess data cen- tech startups, and Amazon counts each month for what they use. storage, and network admins. taking their projects to Amazonter capacity available to curious its business customers in the hun- Unlike Amazon, you don’t need Ultimately, “private cloud” is EC2 or some other cloud they candevelopers over the Web. Within dreds of thousands. to develop your own cloud man- just a new name for the same open in their browsers.•Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 10 of 17
  11. 11. Industry Perspective THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideFinancial IT Spotlight tional IT model and even the vir- or scale down and then allocateTurbulence pushing banks into the cloud By Dan Morris, Computerworld tualized model both lock in ad- costs appropriately. ditional fixed costs (data center Every server installation into aWE ALL KNOW that the old busi- better tailoring of products Virtualized Computing v. space, server infrastructure, and data centre, whether it is a tradi-ness model for investment bank- to customer needs Cloud Computing permanent staff). IT needs to give tional physical design or it sup-ing technology doesn’t work and • Mobile banking Efforts to reduce costs in the ar- the company CFO flexibility—this ports a virtual environment, com-this is driving bank technology eas of data center leases, power, is essentially a lever to adjust IT mits the bank to power costs,departments everywhere to cut So how can an IT manager re- support, hardware procurement costs as part of the arsenal of additional data centre floorcosts. However I was struck by a duce shared costs in 2011 but en- and IT operations have typically protecting the business over the space—this is in addition to therecent special report in The Econ- able business expansion in 2012? focused on the virtualization of long term. capital outlay costs from purchas-omist which outlines that, while And what will the new trend be in server infrastructure. The result ing the server itself. Since cloudinvestment banks are shrinking, 2013? Unless you are better at has been to reduce both variable Give the CFO a Lever computing solutions are based ontheir retail arms (Citibank, HSBC, predicting the future than I am, this and fixed costs, however the vir- The CFO would much rather have cpu cycle or per-user consump-Santander, etc.) are growing due is an impossible task. If outright tualized computing model is still flexibility built into the business tion, they can be scaled basedto changes in technology. The key cutting services is not an option, based upon long term fixed costs. which is what cloud computing of- upon the business demand—userstrends they found were: then in these challenging times These costs don’t decrease if the fers. The cloud shifts the mix of can be added or removed as the the best option is to build flexibility business model changes. costs from fixed to variable which business grows or shrinks; and • Improved services through into your operating budget, which An external cloud solution can provides him that control. Specifi- the same goes for CPU usage. standardized technology is why banks and financial institu- offer expansion and contraction cally, he is looking for agility from There are three primary risks • Data mining which allows tions are moving to the cloud. of variable costs whereas a tradi- IT—the ability to quickly scale up with this approach. The first isSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 11 of 17
  12. 12. Industry Perspective THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuidethat variable costs can be more lic cloud solution, however with Moving Forward of cloud computing, organi- charge back model to sup-expensive than fixed costs in the a good cross-charging model it • Look at the current IT oper- zations need to appreciate port the strategy.long term. This comes down to a is still possible to assign variable ations to assess and iden- data security risks and un-case-by-case analysis. However in costs to the respective business. tify systems that would be derstand regulatory trends. In summary, banking technol-the current dynamic environment, Third, regulatory concerns regard- excellent candidates to be This impacts your system ogy organizations need to thinkbanks are typically willing to pay a ing data security in the cloud re- migrated over to the cloud. choice that could be allowed more like a bank—our internalbit more for that added flexibility. mains. This drives many organiza- Systems that are deemed to reside in the cloud. customers and the CFO will ap- The second risk is vendor lock- tions to build private. Although this non-sensitive and non- • Develop your IT team to preciate the benefits.in which drives banks to cloud so- is arguably a lesser cousin of the transactional are low risk think and embrace a cloudlutions that are open. An alterna- public cloud in terms of cost man- candidates. strategy for your organiza- Dan Morris is a Principal Consultanttive solution is for banks to build agement, it is a good solution that • Understand the risks of tion ranging from private to and head of the Project Manage-private clouds which are more is superior to the conventional fixed cloud computing. Despite public clouds. Most criti- ment Practice for ITPM Consulting.capital cost intensive than a pub- cost, single IT cost centre approach. the significant advantages cally, work out an effective Dan lives in Singapore.Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 12 of 17
  13. 13. News Analysis THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideNew Job for Mainframes: Hosting Private Clouds of their future cloud plans. earlier, once IBM added Linux,Big iron could be perfect for hosting a private cloud, but And IBM has been promoting you could run virtual x86 serverswhere’s the user provisioning? Tam Harbert, Computerworld mainframes as cloud platforms on a mainframe. for several years. The compa- Over the past several years,MENTION CLOUD COMPUTING to Of course, Toigo’s isn’t the only It’s also one of the reasons why ny’s introduction last year of the some organizations have donea mainframe professional, and he’s definition of what constitutes a most cloud computing today runs zEnterprise, which gives organi- just that, consolidating and vir-likely to roll his eyes. Cloud is just cloud. Most experts say that a key on x86-based distributed archi- zations the option of combining tualizing x86 servers using Linuxa much-hyped new name for what attribute of the cloud is that the dy- tectures, not mainframes. Other mainframe and distributed com- on the mainframe. Once you startmainframes have done for years, he’ll namic provisioning is self-service— reasons: Mainframe hardware is puting platforms under an umbrel- doing that, you have the basis forsay. “A mainframe is a cloud,” con- that is, at the user’s demand. expensive, licensing and software la of common management, is a a private cloud.tends Jon Toigo, CEO of Toigo Part- But the controlled environment costs tend to be high, and there key part of IBM’s strategy to make “You have this incredibly scal-ners International, a data manage- of the mainframe, which is the is a shortage of mainframe skills. mainframes a part of the cloud, able server that’s very strong inment consultancy in Dunedin, Fla. basis for much of its security, tra- Nevertheless, mainframe ven- say analysts. transaction management,” says Ju- If you, like Toigo, define a cloud ditionally requires an administra- dors contend that many compa- The company set the stage 10 dith Hurwitz, president and CEO ofas a resource that can be dy- tor to provision computing power nies want to use their big iron for years ago when it gave all of its Hurwitz & Associates, an IT consul-namically provisioned and made for specific tasks. That’s why the cloud computing. In a CA Tech- mainframes, starting with zSeries tancy in Needham, Mass. “Here’savailable within a company with mainframe has a reputation as nologies-sponsored survey of 200 S/390, the ability to run Linux. this platform that has scalabilitysecurity and good management old technology that operates un- U.S. mainframe executives last While mainframes had been vir- and partitioning built in at its core.”controls, “then all of that exists al- der an outdated IT paradigm of fall, 73% of the respondents said tualizing since the introduction of Plus, the mainframe’s stron-ready in a mainframe,” he says. command and control. that their mainframes were a part the VM operating system 30 years gest assets—reliability, availability,Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 13 of 17
  14. 14. News Analysis THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuidemanageability and security—are tural, not technological. Compa- ing in mainframes either by using anybody in IT -- that I just have to age,” says Mullen.the very characteristics that com- nies could enable self-provision- IBM’s Tivoli Service Automation point and click to get my service,” But it’s hard to find an organi-panies are most concerned about Manager or through custom devel- Mullen says. But in every cloud zation that’s using a mainframeas they consider rolling out ma- opment, he says. scenario, he adds, there’s some in a self-provisioned cloud com-jor business applications in the Cloud And yet he acknowledges that kind of approval process—a way puting system. Some analystscloud, she says. Nirvana such implementations would still to prioritize the requests—even say the talk of the mainframe as depend on the IT department—us- though that process may not “re- cloud is just hype. The technologyThe Sticking Point: The five characteristics of ers wouldn’t have full self-service quire human eyes.” may indeed exist, but the ques-Provisioning a private cloud: autonomy. Specifically, mainframe As for the licensing costs, Mul- tion is whether companies are ac-But that lack of support for self-pro- 1. Scalable: High levels of systems with self-provisioning len says that IBM’s current gener- tually using it, says Bill Claybrook,visioning is glaring. “The mainframe utilization (e.g., through vir- options would require a user to ation, System z, has a little-used president of New River Marketingis very well controlled in most orga- tualization), with large, ma- submit a request by email, and “on-off” feature, whereby main- Research in Concord, Mass. “Ifnizations, often to the point where ture data centers. IT would have to approve the re- frame administrators can turn a they are not automating things, ifit’s locked in a room and people 2. Accessible: Users can pro- quest before the resources were processor core on for a limited they don’t have a self-service por- vision resources on their own.can’t access it,” says Julie Craig, provisioned, Mullen explains. This time, paying short-term day rates tal, then it’s not a cloud architec- 3. Elastic: Appearance ofan analyst at Enterprise Manage- reflects the “old habits” of the for IBM software rather than buy- ture; it’s just a virtualized environ- infinite capacity on demand.ment Associates. “[Mainframe ven- 4. Shared: Workloads are mul- mainframe world, he says. But he ing an expensive annual license ment,” he says.dors] are going to have to do some tiplexed; capacity is pooled. also notes that any kind of cloud based on the number of proces- One reason why it’s hard todeveloping to allow the self-service 5. Metered consumption: implementation, including those sor cores. “We are looking at tak- find a self-provisioned mainframe-features of the cloud.” Ability to pay for use with on distributed systems, would in- ing advantage of this infrastruc- based cloud may be because Reed Mullen, IBM’s System z no commitment. clude an approval process. ture to make it even more suitable we’re still in the early days ofcloud computing leader, says that “I know the perception is that for a cloud environment where cloud computing. “There is incon- Source: Corporate Executive Board’s Infrastructurethe lack of self-provisioning is cul- Executive Council, Arlington, Va. the user doesn’t have to bother there is a lot of unpredictable us- gruity between what’s out there inSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 14 of 17
  15. 15. News Analysis THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuidecloud today and what these big cloud infrastructure in mainframe years, and it helped IBM develop not only avoids having to pay extra the student could just order it, itmainframes do,” says Phil Murphy, environments today,” he says. and roll out System z Linux. for each application it adds to the would come down to the samean analyst at Forrester Research. But as cloud computing ma- Marist has rewritten many x86- mainframe, but also benefits from auto-provisioning routine,” he Business units might use a tures and as new models of main- based applications to run on increased utilization of the main- says. “We do it more explicitly be-credit card to buy some extra frames begin to offer more com- Linux on its two System z main- frame, resulting in a very good re- cause it’s an academic institution.compute cycles for a one-time puting power at lower costs than frames. The college runs 80 Linux turn on assets, says Thirsk. He The faculty decide what resourcesproject, for example, but most they do today, more companies servers, mostly handling adminis- calls Marist’s setup a cloud. get used by students, dependingcompanies wouldn’t run mission- will experiment with the main- trative tasks, on one mainframe, Skeptics would say it’s not a on their courses.”critical transaction-processing ap- frame-based cloud. Hurwitz, for and it has more than 600 Linux cloud, because it has no user pro- Marist has advantages thatplications in the cloud. one, says many of her clients are servers running academic appli- visioning. But there is some provi- make building a mainframe-based The one cloud scenario that in- looking into it, although none are cations on the other. sioning going on: When students cloud easier. It gets an academ-cludes self-provisioning is the mod- ready to talk about it publicly. The college runs other applica- enroll to study computer science, ic discount on the mainframes,el used by global outsourcing com- “It’s something we’re going to see tions on an IBM System p mid- for example, they are automatical- although the price breaks aren’tpanies, where far-flung developers a lot more of,” she predicts. range computer and IBM blades ly provisioned with a mainframe any larger than those availablehave the ability to automatically as well. But the mainframes are partition, Thirsk says. And when to other universities, says Thirsk.set up their own testing and de- The Very Early Adopter “the real engine,” says Bill Thirsk, they leave the school, he adds, And thanks to an IBM-sponsoredvelopment platforms. Those aren’t Marist College is a poster child for Marist’s CIO. “that’s sucked back into the fold mainframe academic program atall mainframe-based, but Murphy IBM mainframes. The college is Marist is getting big cost ben- and re-allocated automatically.” the college, Marist has a built-in,thinks some of them must be. right down the road from an IBM efits from virtualizing on the main- Though critics might disagree, cheap source of IT labor with main- Mullen agrees that the offshoring mainframe manufacturing plant in frame. The college avoids purchas- Thirsk says the lack of user provi- frame and System z Linux skills.model is a good example. A plat- Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Marist has had ing extra server hardware, plus sioning isn’t important. “Where one CIO might have toform-as-a-service setup like that “is a research-and-development part- it saves on space, power and IT “The fact is that if you wanted hire very expensive professionalsperhaps the dominant usage of a nership with IBM for more than 20 staff to manage the data center. It to change the policy [to] where to run their data center, I have anSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 15 of 17
  16. 16. News Analysis THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideentire internship program, and my an interest in Marist’s comput- meet that load: with a mainframe.” justed its pricing structure -- all you’ll start seeing the mainframelabor’s fairly inexpensive,” Thirsk ing environment. He notes that he Along with several concurrent moves to make the mainframe viewed in a different way,” saysnotes. “I only have three profes- has hosted lots of visitors eager to developments, zEnterprise could more cloud-friendly, she says. Hurwitz. As mainframes begin tosionals to supervise.” learn what the college is doing, in- make the mainframe into a true Eustis thinks that IBM now has run more of the same software as Marist’s cloud is starting to get cluding representatives from 21 cloud platform, says Susan Eus- all the pieces in place to enable other high-end servers and gainsome attention. “Four years ago, companies and several universi- tis, president of WinterGreen Re- business units to self-provision a expanded service-managementwhen I started talking about this, ties last year. “We’re talking to a search in Lexington, Mass. Just mainframe-based cloud. capabilities, “people are going toeverybody looked at me like I was college in the Middle East that has in the past several months, she At the very least, zEnterprise see it as the high end of the serv-crazy,” Thirsk says. But as the years over 200,000 students,” Thirsk says, IBM has improved Web- could change the traditional think- er market as opposed to a worldhave passed, others have taken says. “There’s only one way to Sphere, improved z/VM and ad- ing about mainframes. “I think unto itself.”•Sponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 16 of 17
  17. 17. Resources THE PRIVATE CLOUD An interactive eGuideVIDEO DIAGRAM DATA SHEET WHITE PAPER WHITE PAPERTeradata Active Teradata ADW Teradata Stretch Your Cloud ComputingData Warehouse Private Cloud Database 14 System Models for DataPrivate Cloud Infographic Datasheet WarehousingInstantly and efficiently gain insights. See all the benefits the Teradata As the high performing analytical engine Paul Barsch explains how corpora- Get the best resource utilizationBenefit from the best resource utili- Active Data Warehouse Private that powers all of Teradata’s purpose- tions can mitigate risk and meet now. Analyst Mark Madsen exploreszation. Migrate underutilized servers Cloud can provide. built platform components, Teradata dynamic business needs with cloud computing concepts and howand storage onto a single Teradata Database 14 helps you create a consol- Teradata Active Data Warehouse database workloads fit within cloud Read nowADW Private Cloud, reducing costs— idated data environment that gives you Private Cloud. infrastructures.while increasing utilization of IT a single source for enterprise-wide Read now Read nowresources. Gain efficiencies, reduce decision making. Learn why Teradatasoftware licenses and save sacred Database is the right data warehouseIT dollars. appliance and enterprise data ware- Watch now house choice. Read nowSponsored by Private Cloud Use Defensive or What ‘Private Cloud’ Financial IT Mainframes HostingCOMPUTERWORLD Case Scenarios Responsive? Really Means Private Cloud Spotlight Private Clouds Resources 17 of 17
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