CINE Y SU HISTORIA Has been influential in the development of both technological and commercial and artistic films and is one of the most respected film industries in the world. Despite a history full of successful productions, the British film industry is characterized by an ongoing debate about their identity including economic and cultural influences fromAmerican and European cinema, but it is fair to say that during the 1940 , enjoyeda brief "golden Age" with the production of estdios J. Arthur Rank and AlexanderKorda.
The industry experienceda boom at first development in1910, but during the 1920experienced a decline due tocompetition and tradepractices of Americancinema. The Law of motionpictures in1927 introduced protectivemeasures that led to therecovery and the highestproduction of all time in1936, a total of192films. Then productiondeclined for several years.
CINE MUDO The first people who built and used a film camera 35 mm in Britain were Robert W.Paul and Birt Acres, who filmed the first British film Incident at Clovelly Cottage called in February 1895. This camera called the "Paul-Acres camera" was the firs tmade in the UK.
The first Britishfilms were oftenmelodramatic toneand there was a distinctpreference for argumentsthat were already knownto the audience, inparticular, adaptationsof Shakespearesplays andnovels of CharlesDickens.
SIR CHARLES SPENCER CHAPLIN Born on April 16, 1889 in London, England, was a comic actor, composer, producer, director and writer. He gained popularity with his character in many films of Charlie Chaplin silent period. Thereafter, it is considered a symbol of humor and silent film. To the end of the World War I, was one the most recognized of world cinema.
Charlot with his character, debuted in 1914 in thefilm Earning bread, 3 and during that year shot 35 shortfilms, including All for an umbrella, in dance and CharlotCharlot and fire. However, the most outstandingfilms of Chaplin were The Gold Rush (1925), CityLights (1931), Modern Times (1935) and The GreatDictator(1940).
Throughout hislife, Chaplin received numerous awards andnominations. Hereceivedthe Honorary AcademyAward in 1928 and1972, was nominated forthe Nobel Peace Prize in1948, was awardedthe OBE in 1975 andplaced a star withhisname on the Walk ofFame Hollywood in1970.
CINE BRITÁNICO ACTUAL The seven highest-grossing film worldwide of all time have some Britishdimension, whether historical, cultural or creative: Titanic, two episodes of The Lord of the Rings, two Pirates of the Caribbean and two of Harry Potter.
TEATRO. The theater is one of the greatest treasures of Britain, thanks to this great writer Shakespeare who was responsible for bringing this art to the top.
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE It was a playwright, poet and English actor. Sometimes known as the Bard of Avon, Shakespeare is considered the most important writer in English and one of the most famous in world literature.
The worksof Shakespeare havebeen translatedinto major languages and his plays continue to berepresented throughoutthe world. Inaddition, many datesaphorisms of his workshave become part ofeveryday use, bothin English and otherlanguages.
OBRAS DE SHAKESPEAREShakespeare wrote tragediesfrom the very beginning of hiscareer: one of the earliest wasthe Roman tragedy TitusAndronicus, following afew years after Romeo andJuliet. However, the mostcelebrated were written over aperiod of sevenyears between 1601 and1608: Hamlet, Othello, KingLear, Macbeth (the topfour), Antonio and Cleopatra,along with lesser-known Timon of Athens andTroilus and Cressida .
THE WEST END OF LONDON The best shows and most glamorous music await you in the historical Theatrelandof London, a district in which no more and no less than 40 theaters compete foryour attention. The West End revolves around Shaftesbury Avenue and is bordered by The Strand to the south, north Oxford Street, Regent Street to the west andKingsway to the east.
SHAKESPEARE’S GLOBE, LONDON On the banks of the Thames, back in the sixteenth century, was the Globe, the theater of Shakespeare. Today the original but there is an almost exact replica of Shakespeares Elizabethan theater.
ROYAL EXCHANGE THEATRE, MANCHESTER The Royal Exchange Theatre in Manchester, occupies the former building of the Company for Import and Export of Cotton. The round stage is a module located in the center of the main building that offers a unique way of seeing representationsbecause the public can see all sides of the stage.
Mexican CinemaAt first the films were called viewswere exploited in many ways andpublic were made insufficientprovisions and cinemas.During the Huerta governmentstepped in and censored it all thatproduction is not authorized by theprotagonist. Also not allowed moreproductions of the revolution.Venustiano Carranza to climb to thepresidency gave permission to theDepartment of Fine Arts to acquire acinema and films for exhibition.
The film marks a change was gray The Autoopened in December 1919. The balance of the 20sfilm was not favorable despite the help of theMexican Revolution and the 1st World War, therewere low quality movies.Progress with the advent of sound changed thelandscape, among Mexicos most importantfilmmakers, quoted Miguel Contreras, GustavoSaenz of Sicily and Gabriela Moreno.
Due todiscriminationagainst Mexicanactors film TheUniversallaunched acampaignagainst theinvasion oflanguage tapes.Many peopleopposed totalkingmovies, whichone of his first filmwas The SingingFool premieredon May 23, 1929.
The vitáfono comes to change the sound and thefirst film was released in 1929, The Wolf of WallStreetIn 1939 President Lazaro Cardenas issued a decreewhich imposed the countrys cinemas obligation todisplay at least a Mexican film every month.In September 1941 created the film supervisiondepartment in charge of authorizing thecommercial exhibition of films, as well as export.
The birth of the Golden Age is given in the mid-thirties.In the forties reveals trends monopolization, underthe direction of Manuel Espinosa Iglesias.When he began to fall golden age of televisionbegan to form in the public other entertainmenthabits. In particular soap operas became thenatural choice of entertainment in Mexico.
The films faced censorship cases, but CONACULTAin these years was the defender of theseproductions.In 1961 the production of films I do not get evenhalf, when production passed into the hands of theUnion of film production.The sixties are remembered for the new musicalstyle imposed by the youth.During the period 1966to 1970, serealizaron 37 tapes.In 1968, the cinematography allows female nudeand obscene words.In 1970 he established the rural television and radiodrive-education.In 1974 comes CONACINE and thereafter topresent the cinematography was increasing due tothis organism.
TheatherWhen the first civilizations began to emerge in ourcountry, the theater took a littlemore so, probably now was given a specialplace where carried out, but equallywould have a religious purpose, far frombeing simply an activity of entertainment. Whenthese "works" took place, mostly text was read bytwo or more people, representing some other godsand men.There is a Maya dramatic text called"Rabinal Achi" posed by the fight between twowarriors divine. Music was required, specialclothing and an early form of action to take place.
The theater was perhaps more important than theothers, a strong tool that they used the Spanishto evangelize the Indians in ourcountry. By presenting playssimple life of JesusChrist, his Passion and Death. Many ofthe readings found in the New Testamentwere represented in varyingdegrees for easy understanding.Thefamiliar "pastorals" today are the resultof those early times, where they usedverysimple but adequate clothing, musical alsoquite simply, singing, dancing and acting happy. Acentury this practice lasted only evangelizing.
The theater in Mexico wasseverely stunned by allthat Independence meant. Thewidespread discontent across thecountry put the ideas andcreativity elsewhere,and places toconduct theater were notabundant. The country fell into apothole of culture, but won theprize most coveted by human beings:freedom. When everything came to a calm breathing now at least, things returned to relative normalcy, and the writing began to flow. Then stood romantic authors like Fernando Calderon and Manuel Eduardo de Gorostiza. For these times in Mexico created the concept of "zarzuela" and many works continued under that standard. Became one of the most popular forms of theater then.
In 1925 he formed the Unionof Dramatic Authors, which aimed to givelectures, talks and generally promote the culture oftheater in Mexico. Diaz Manuel Barroso wouldbe the owner of this organism. The public workssuch as "Conquer yourself Yourself" andlater, Diaz Barroso and 6 of its employees wouldend upbeing called "The Group ofSeven Authors." There were other suchgroups, such as "School of Theater,""Ulysses Theatre" and "Orientation Theater."
By 1950, the university theater became areality, thanks to nameslike Villaurrutia, Novo, Usigli and Gorostiza. Workslike "Crown of Shadow", "Halftone" and"gesticulating" give the necessary push at alllevels to race Dramatic Literature andTheater was established in the Faculty ofPhilosophy and Letters at the National AutonomousUniversity of Mexico .
Note the importance of two internationallyrenowned festivals in our country wherethe theateris cornerstone: the Festival of Mexico City, and theCervantes Festival Guanajuato. Currently thetheater is presented in semi-professional level formany universities in the country, oneof the entire Institute of Technology and HigherStudies of Monterrey (ITESM), with centers ofCultural Campus in many different cities Mexico.
The music in the united statesThe Historians awarded the honor of beingthe first American-born composer atFrancis Hopkinson of Philadelphia (1737-1791), a leader of the revolution and friendof George Washington
Famous singers in thehistory of American music
B.B. KING It is considered the best blues guitarist who has had the history of music. ELVIS PRESLEY Popular American rock singer of the twentieth century. It is considered the King of Rockand Roll. It is often simply called ELVIS or THE KING.
KIZZ Its a Hard Rock band formed in New York in 1973. are characterized by the use of Kabuki- style makeup with horror characters MICHAL JACKSON Singer, songwriter and dancer American hard rock, disco and dance. In the early 1980 became the most successful superstar orldat his album Thriller the best selling album in music history.
MADONNA Singer, songwriter and recordproducer considered the queen of pop.
Cinema in United StatesThe American film industry has had a profound effect on cinema around the world since the early twentieth century. Its history is divided into four main periods occasions: the silent era, Classical Hollywood cinema, the new Hollywood, and the contemporary period (from 1980).
The first big American film, and the longer experimental achievement to date was The great train robbery, directed by Edwin S. Porter
In early 1910, the director D.W. Griffith was sent by the Biograph Company to the west coast with his company. They started filming on a vacant lot near Georgia Street in downtown Los Angeles. The company explored new territories and traveled several miles north of a small town. This place was called "Hollywood."
Early studies of the history ofcinema showed Griffith as the "father of modern cinema"
Famous directors of United StatesD. W. GriffithGeorge LucasSteven SpielbergTim BurtonWoody Allen
Famous actors andactresses United StatesAngelina JolieBrad PittCameron DiazJohnny DeppLeonardo DiCaprioMarilyn MonroeOrlando BloomWill Smith