When we compare things we use a different form of the adjective: fat fatter fattest
We say that fatt er is the comparative form of fat – we are comparing them.
We say that fatt est is the superlative form of fat.
Find the comparative and superlative form of: high
high high er high est
large long warm Find the comparative and superlative form of:
large larg er larg est long long er long est warm warm er warm est
Sometimes, instead, we use an extra word before the adjective: comfortable more comfortable most comfortable
We say that more comfortable is the comparative form of comfortable – we are comparing them. We say that most comfortable is the superlative form of comfortable.
Most words of more than one syllable use more and most What is the comparative form of miserable? more miserable and the superlative ? most miserable
more unusual most unusual more intelligent most intelligent Find the comparative and superlative form of: unusual intelligent
There are some exceptions: happ ier happ iest happ y
Words ending in – y add – ier and - iest
clever er clever est quiet er quiet est quiet clever Some two-syllable words add – er and – est :
clever and quiet add – er and - est
sssh sssh sssh or
A few three syllable words add – ier and – iest : unhapp y unhapp ier unhapp iest unluck y unluck ier unluck iest
A small group of words can add - er and – est or use more and most : common gentle pleasant shallow stupid cruel narrow polite simple
A few words change completely in the comparative and superlative : good better best bad worse worst
A few words cannot have a comparative or superlative . Why? Because they are already absolute e.g. unique perfect
Some for you to try: Find the comparative and superlative of: small popular famous spotless well cruel small er small est more popular most popular more famous most famous spotless spotless better best cruell er / more cruel cruell est / most cruel