Tkt module 1 units 7,8


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Tkt module 1 units 7,8

  1. 1. TKT Module 1 Units 7, 8
  2. 2. Listening Listening is a receptive skill which involves making sense of meaningful sounds of language.
  3. 3. To listen successfully we need: To understand the context To use our knowledge of language To use our knowledge of the world To understand different text types To understand different speed and accents To use different subskills
  4. 4. Differences between spoken andwritten languages:WRITTEN LANGUAGE SPOKEN LANGUAGE Stays on the page Uses punctuation and capital letters to show sentences Consists of letters, words etc. No body language involved Well organized (logical structure) More complex grammar and exact vocabulary
  5. 5. Differences between spoken andwritten languages:WRITTEN LANGUAGE SPOKEN LANGUAGE Stays on the page  Disappears as soon as it is spoken Uses punctuation and capital letters to show sentences  Shows sentences through stress and intonation Consists of letters, words etc.  Consists of connected speech, No body language involved sentences, incomplete Well organized (logical sentences or words structure)  Body language, facial More complex grammar and expressions, gestures exact vocabulary  May have interruptions, repetitions  Uses rather general vocabulary and simple grammar
  6. 6. Spoken texts can be: Coversations Stories Announcements Songs Instructions Lectures Advertisements
  7. 7. Listening subskills: Listen for gist Specific information Detail Attitude (what attitude a speaker is expressing) Extensive listening
  8. 8. Separation of subskills training atdifferent ageLower secondary student are trained to: Identify important words Understand and respond to simple instuctions Recognise basic differences in information (commands vs questions) Understand development of a simple story Identify main idea Etc.
  9. 9. Key concepts: Supply your learners with many sourses of spoken language Listening based on visual support is easier to understand Introduce authentic listening Comprehension activities must be easier than the listening itself Choose interesting stories to listen Vary focus – problem sounds, connected speech, subskills, new language
  10. 10. Listening activities pattern1. Intoduction (visualisation) – focus on topic, language2. Main activities – comprehension, subskills3. Post activities – personalisation, discussion, dialogues
  11. 11. Speaking Speaking is a productive skill, like writing, and involves using language to express meanings to other people.
  12. 12.  Pronounce words  Respond appropriately Answer questions  Persuade Use intonation  Tell stories Ask for clarification  Start speaking when Correct themselves someone else stops Take part in discussions  Use accurate grammar and vocabulary Choose or change register of the language according  Use tenses to the situation  Take part in conversations Plan what they will say Smile Ask for and give information
  13. 13. speaking means interaction with one ormore people using body language
  14. 14. Interactive strategies: Making eye contact Using facial expressions Asking check questions Clarifying your mening Confirming understanding
  15. 15. Speaking subskills: Fluency (speaking at a normal speed, without hesitation, self-correction, repetition with connected speech) Accuracy (using correct forms of grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation)
  16. 16. Key concepts: Focus learners on particular aspects of speaking Vary controlled practice with freer practice in order not to limit communication Give learners a reason for communicating Give enough support, time and assessment to provide a friendly environment for speaking Think of the way how to control (fluency vs accuracy) Prepare learners for speaking with practiced vocabulary and grammar Don’t forget about TPR and silent period
  17. 17. Speaking activties pattern Lead-in – intro to the topic Practice activities Post-activities – a task where learners can freely use new language in a situation