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personality development Hard copy

  1. 1. Q.What Is the negative and positive conditioning you observed in the movie “chak de india” ?Ans.Types of Operant Conditioning (wd) There are two types of operant conditioning by which behavior may be changed. The followingtable summarizes these and the paragraphs beyond explain further. ConditionName Behavior Condition occurs?Positive Strengthened Positive YesConditioningNegative Strengthened Negative NoConditioningPositive Conditioning Positive Conditioning occurs when a behavior is strengthened as a result of receiving apositive condition. • Example A child screams. Its parents pay it lots of attention, which is pleasant. The child screams moreoften.Negative Conditioning Negative Conditioning happens when a behavior is strengthened as a result of stopping oravoiding a negative condition. • Example. A person goes out in winter and gets cold. They put on a coat and no longer feel warm. Next timethey put on a coat when it seems cold.
  2. 2. From movie  When heros friend uttam singh tries to convince the board members to have a coach for the Indian national womens hockey team then one of the board member reacts very negatively .he says that investing money and time on the women’s hockey team I s waist where as heros friend tries to convince as positive condition investing money and effort on the women’s hockey team is a waste then uttam singh tries to convince them to give kabir khan a chance to coach the team this shows the positive conditioning  Vindhya nayak the senior most player in the team feels that she will be made the captain. But kabir khan chooses vidya Sharma as the captain .vindya a reacts very strangely and than disrespect to the team
  3. 3. Q. Talk about the goal achieving skills you observed in the movie?Ans. Goal achieving skills • These are the goal achieving skills which I have observed in the movieTeam workAdaptabilityDisciplinePlanningMotivationPositive health 1. Team work teamwork is extremely important to the success of any team. All coaches talk aboutworking as one unit, as a unified team. Teamwork and unselfishness create the backbone of agreat team, without them a team cannot realistically compete. The team working as one unitis going to be the key in their success. 2. Adaptability As a leader, adaptability means reacting in an effective manner to shifting circumstances . Everybody experiences adaptive challenges, but leaders are keen to resolve these issues with a carefully thought-out plan of action. If there is one trait that every leader needs most in today’s environment, it is adaptability. Or in simple words adaptability means the capability to adapt yourself to different situation 3. Discipline Discipline means teamwork and teamwork means discipline. I would say that discipline is the heart and soul of teamwork In this movie the team doesnt have any Discipline because they come from different backgrounds. Vindya is the most experienced player in the team. But Kabir never includes her in the practice session because of her arrogant attude . She was angry watching the team training. But kabir khan knows her strength in the match between koria and india there the last 15min left where kabir asks her to play from her position because he knows that she is the only one who can goal 4. Planning
  4. 4. the hero kabir khan always has planning, strategies as how the team should play eg; after the team looses their first match with Australia he makes a plan of stating with passing the boll from one player to another player time management is a part of planning . In this movie the team have time sense like they always wakeup at 4 o’clock5. Motivation kabir kahan motivates his team tremendously. before the final match he gives a wonderful speech to his team about the 70minuts of play and how these 70minuts can change their destiny6. Positive health it means settings positive goals eg; exercise ,diet and healthy friends in this movie the coach takes his team for jogging for 10 km and they also work out at the gym
  5. 5. Q. During your class activity do you find any leader, which sort of leadership qualities youobserve?Ans. I find my friend Abdul khader has some good leadership qualities which I haveobserved in the class activities. these are the qualities which I have observed in him 1.Organizing and Planning 2.Decision making 3.Ambition 4.Motivation skills 5.Communication skills 6.Social skills1.Organizing and Planning:I have observed the Organizing and Planning skills in Abdul when we had the food andbeverage activity in the class2.Decision making;Abdul and his team went to gvk mall but they didn’t get permission .next they went to citycenter mall no luck and final khader decided to got Eat Stereet and approach themanagement. They go permission and the completed the field work3.Ambitiononce we have a causal talk about about over aim’s and ambition’s. Then I got to know that hewants to join politics and bring about a changing ower system………….
  6. 6. Q. What sort of ego states you observed in the movie “chak de india” ?Ans. The Ego State Model  Adult ego state: the Adult ego state is aware that the person has parents and children to look after responsibly This is a role of core, concern, respect, responsibility and maturity
  7. 7. Double contamination (Parent and Child)  Parent ego state: while in the Parent ego state one behaves as through all others persons involved in the transaction are like children or grand children from this point of view, this is an adoptive role where people become authoritative,caring ,controlling ,advisory and sometime bossy
  8. 8. Parent contamination Child ego state(s): the child ego state has the liberty of fun loving and carefree behavior while being aware that adults and parents are watching over the
  9. 9. Child contamination When preethy sabarval comes late of the registration for the team then coach kabir khan asks her to try next year .Instead of accepting her mistake she tries to justify her mistake by saying that she is a captian of a state team Here we can observe her adult ego state On the first day when the team members go to the rest room and there find a list which states that the allotment of beds . but vindya nayak forcefully occipies the bed from moli zeme here we can observe the child ego state During training Netra Reddy was told to play on forward line by the coach then vindya tells her to play in some other position natra reddy treys to oppose her by saying that “coach had asked her to play in forward line” where as vindya nayak replies her that “coaches are temporary and we team members are permanent” there we can observe her adult ego state
  10. 10. Q. What are the barriers to effective communication? How can you remove the same?Ans. Effective communication• Communication takes place when one person transmits ideas or feelings to another person or group of people.• Its effectiveness is measured by the similarity between the idea transmitted and the idea received.• Before you talk, listen. Before you react, think. Before you criticize, wait. Before you pray, forgive. Before you quit, try.Types of communication skillsBarriers to effective communication• Communication is the key factor of success.
  11. 11. • When it comes to effective communication, People often feel that communication is as easy and simple as it sounds. No doubt, but what makes it complex, difficult and frustrating are the barriers that come in its way.9 ways to communicate better 1. Knowing your facts thoroughly. 2. Organizing your facts. 3. Eliminating unnecessary details. 4. Put yourself in the shoes of the audience. 5. Rehearse your communication and check arrangements. 6. Always use conversational and precise language. 7. While speaking, refer to notes not verbal text. 8. Always maintain eye contact with your audience. 9. Lastly end all your communication with action, suggestions or recomandations.
  12. 12. Q. How moral value helps an individual to develop effective inter personal relation?Ans. What are moral values? • Moral values are the standards of good and evil, which govern an individual’s behavior and choices. • Individual’s morals may derive from society and government, religion, or self. • When moral values derive from society and government they, of necessity, may change as the laws and morals of the society change. • Moral value is Beliefs and personal opinions about:1) what is right (honest, ethical, true) conduct and2) what is wrong (dishonest, false, harmful) conduct Held by individuals and held collectively by socially cohesive groups of individuals. Values are considered subjective and vary across people and cultures. Types of values include 1. ethical/moral values, 2. doctrinal/ideological (political, religious) values, 3. social values, 4. aesthetic values.
  13. 13. Q. Make a positive action plan for continuous enhancement in your personality?Ans.Personality : personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings andbehaviors that make a person unique. In addition to this, personality arises from within theindividual and remains fairly consistent throughout life. Types of personality 1. External personality 2. Internal personality In order to shape up your overall personality, both your external and internalpersonalities count- you actually display outwardly as well as what you really are. 1. External personality ; Good external personality is necessary to create first good impression on thepeople. at some times, first impression may be the last impression. You may not get anotherchance to correct that impression 2. Internal personality; internal personality is the real you and your all time asset and that should beexcellent. At times, you may succeed in displaying good side of you despite your internallyweak personality but it requires lots of efforts. On the other side, if your internal personality isgood, you can learn to display yourself that way easily with much less efforts.Internal personality 1. Helpful nature 2. Volunteering 3. Being polite 4. Anger management 5. Being honest 6. Communication skills Helpful nature;
  14. 14. • My greatest pleasure is making my self useful and taking care of other people. But i do not like pushing my self to the fore; • I prefer to fulfill my tasks out of the limelight. • I am very reliable and nothing is too much for me when it is a question of completing a project or a taskVolunteering; I think Volunteering is an important and essential contribution from all members of society to help others, ourselves and to keep life running smoothly. There are so many benefits of volunteering. they are 1. Volunteering helps you make new friends 2. Volunteering increases your social and relationship skills 3. Volunteering increasing self-confidence. 4. Volunteering combats depression. 5. Volunteering helps you stay physically healthy. 6. Volunteering can teach you valuable job skillsBeing polite; Being polite is all about being considerate and appreciative like… 1. Be gentle, not forceful or insistent. 2. Be nice 3. Be honest 4. Shake hands firmly and look your acquaintance in the eye. 5. Be graceful and show elegance 6. Be aware that etiquette and manners
  15. 15. Anger management Anger is a normal and even healthy emotion — but its important to deal with it ina positive way. Uncontrolled anger can take a toll on both your health and yourrelationships. I follows these 10 things to control my anger1. Counting to 102. Once youre calm, express your anger3. Think before you speak4. Identify possible solutions5. Stick with I statements6. Dont use sarcasm7. Identify what triggers your anger8. Recognize signs that youre becoming angry9. Learn to respond to frustration and anger in a controlled, healthy way10. Explore underlying feelings, such as sadness or depression Being honest; “Always speak the truth, even if it is bitter”. Being honest does require a high level of self-discipline and is often really difficult to do at first because we have all got so used to those little lies and pretences that seemed to make life simpler. Communication skills; Good communication skills are skills that facilitate people to communicateeffectively with one another. There are mainly three types of communication skills,expressive skills, listening skills and skills for managing the overall process ofcommunication. The basic fundamental of all these types of communication is emotionalskills.
  16. 16. Q. Evaluate your own time management style?Ans.Time management • Time management is a set of principles, practices, skills, tools, and systems working together to help you get more value out of your time with the aim of improving the quality of your life. • Time management can be learned and mastered by anyone. All it takes is practice and dedication.Time management system these are the 9 important things which I can follow to improve my timemanagement system. 1.Making a list of things to do 2.Prioritize your list 3.Carry a notebook 4.Learn to say no 5.Continuously improve yourself 6.Use a time management system 7.Identify bad habits 8.Don’t do other people’s work 9.Keep a goal journal 1. Making a list of things to do; A common time management mistake is to try to use your memory to keep track oftoo many details leading to information overload. Using a to-do list to write things down is agreat way to take control of your projects and tasks and keep yourself organized.
  17. 17. 2.Prioritize your list; Prioritizing your to-do list helps you focus and spend more of your time on thethings that really matter to you. Rate your tasks into categories using the ABCD prioritizationsystem described in the time management course.3.Carry a notebook; You never know when you are going to have a great idea or brilliant insight. Carry asmall notebook with you wherever you go so you can capture your thoughts. If you wait toolong to write them down you could forget.4.Learn to say no; Many people become overloaded with too much work because they over commit;they say yes when they really should be saying no. Learn to say no to low priority requestsand you will free up time to spend on things that are more important.5.Continuously improve yourself; Make time in your schedule to learn new things and develop your natural talentsand abilities. For example, you could take a class, attend a training program, or read a book.Continuously improving your knowledge and skills increases your knowledge, can help boostyour career, and is the most reliable path to financial independence.6.Use a time management system; Using a time management system can help you keep track of everything that youneed to do, organize and prioritize your work. An integrated system is like glue that holds allthe best time management practices together.7.Identify bad habits; Make a list of bad habits that are stealing your time, sabotaging your goals, andblocking your success. After you do, work on them one at a time and systematically eliminatethem from your life. Remember that the easiest way to eliminate a bad habit, it to replace itwith a better habit.
  18. 18. 8.Don’t do other people’s work; Are you in the habit of doing other people’s work because or a ‘Hero’ mentality?Doing this takes up time that you may not have. Instead, focus on your own projects andgoals, learn to delegate effectively, and teach others how to do their own work.9.Keep a goal journal; Schedule time to set and evaluate your goals. Start a journal and write down yourprogress for each goal. Go through your goal journal each week to make sure you are on theright track. Finally If you become a good time manager, you’ll not only get a lot more done in less time,but you’ll feel more relaxed, focused and in control of your life.
  19. 19. Q. Assess and present your leadership qualities?Ans.Definition of a LeaderA leader is "a person who influences a group of people towards the achievement of a goal"The Meaning of Leadership What is leadership? • It is a process by which one person influences the thoughts, attitudes, and behaviors of others. • Leaders set a direction for the rest of us; they help us see what lies ahead; • they help us by visualize and inspire. • Leadership helps to point us in the same direction and harness our efforts jointlyTaking a leadership position means: • Having a vision about what can be accomplished. • Making a commitment to the mission and to the people you lead. • Taking responsibility for the accomplishment of the mission and the welfare of those you lead. • Assuming risk of loss and failure. • Accepting recognition for success. Six qualities of good leadership 1. Be Trustworthy 2. Inspire People to Work Toward The Vision 3. Be Self Aware and Insightful About Your Impact On Others 4. Accept Responsibility for Your Actions 5. Have High Self Worth and Self Esteem
  20. 20. 6. Lead versus Manage Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important thanany one thing. -Abraham Lincoln• I think these are the leadership qualities I have found during in my class activity1. Settings objectives2. Integrity and honesty3. Ambition4. Motivation skills5. Technical skills
  21. 21. Q. How you interpersonal skills will help you in your personal and professional life?Ans. Improving interpersonal skills; • Think positively, and enter the mindset to work well with others and maintain good relationships. • Be patient. • Learn to listen, experts recommend listening 80% of the time and only talking 20%. • Treat others and their experience with respect • Praise and compliment people when they deserve it. • Smile – even when you don’t feel like smiling. • Be cheerful and try to make others smile. • When someone compliments you, don’t disagree or boast about it – simply say thank- you with a smile and move on. • Don’t complain. • Fake it ‘till you make it. If you’re not naturally confident or happy, fake it until you generally possess the desired characteristics. • Learn to appreciate, be helpful and not demotivate your team members. Work as a team, not as an individual. This will achieve better results. • Treat your team members and colleagues as friends and not as strangers or subordinates.Essential Interpersonal Skills • Self awareness • Control • Motivation • Acknowledging the interests of subordinates • Communication skills
  22. 22. Developing interpersonal skills  Developing Assertiveness  Accepting Responsibility  Managing Conflicts – Avoiding – Accommodating – Competing/Forcing – Collaborating – CompromisingBarrios for Interpersonal Interactions  Poor Listening:-Many people are poor listeners, even in everyday life. They tend to listen and think about something else at the same time  Emotional Arousal:-emotional arousal is a process, which means it happens as a sequence over time. Understanding this is a step towards being able to manage the process. for example, arousal can happen through . Touch, Vision, Hearing, Smell, Taste  Lack of Time:-Lack of time is more perception than reality. The problem is the lack of commitment to your priorities after youve set them. People overwork, set time to watch television and surf the Internet, but many people dont set time to do the things that they say are important to them
  23. 23. Q. What sort of help you are looking from your faculty regarding communication and whataction plan you would have to follow?Ans.Communication principles: When you learn the principles of communication you can fullyunderstand and appreciate why communication is so important. It is the fundamentalmethod that humans use to interact with each other since the beginning of time.Importance of Communication • I know I lack in good communication skills • Because I improving of communication will help in Interpersonal Skills both in personal and professional life • Polishing already good communication skills and re-training my weaknesses will help me to come across as more understanding to the people around me and in my daily lives.I would like my faculty to guide me in these areas 1. Assessing my work periodically both spoken and writting 2. One-on-one level interaction with me on a one one on one level communication .so that I can understand why and when I make errors and to help me improving my overall communication skillsMy Action plans for improvingmy communication skills 1. Joining in Spoken English classes 2. Attending some public speaking classes 3. Regular reading news paper 4. Regular watching English news 5. Trying to talk in English both at home and with my friends
  24. 24. Q. What sort of moral values you are lacking and how you can develop the same?Ans. We acquire moral values and ideals to give a purpose to our life and theyalso contribute to make the world a better place to live in. some of the ways we candevelop our moral values are  Performing duties, fulfilling responsibilities, keeping up his word and not hurting others are the characteristics of a gentleman.  Helping others is the real savings in life; help is savings and enjoyment is spending in ones life account.  Respect and love lift you up; egoism and absolute selfishness push you down.  Will-Power is the only power by which one can achieve anything in this world.  Positive intelligence, approach and attitude, and contentment only bring peace-of-mind.  Empathise and help, it fulfils the purpose.  Selfless social service is service to God.  Acquiring useful knowledge and being useful, both act for ones upliftment.  Intentional lie is a fraud.  Being useful to othersIf you maintain moral values  You will be mentally peaceful  You will get respect from others  People around you will have confidence in you  It will improve your overall personality  It will help you in looking after your family