Avaition final

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Avaition final

  1. 1. 1Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  2. 2. 2 INTRODUCTION  Name : Gnanender Reddy.Nanga  Assessor : Mrs.Nina Ramchandra  Batch : I4  Course : AVITION,HOSPITALITY AND TRAVEL MANAGEMENT  Year : 2011 - 2012Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  3. 3. 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT : • I am really thankful for our Aviation faculty for helping me to learn about and I am also grateful to frankfinn for providing an opportunity to learn about Aviation.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  4. 4. 4 P1a (Lo1 of UNIT4)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  5. 5. Current affairs 5 • Air India launches drive to recruit staff at various levels (October 25, 2011) • Pilots exit Kingfisher in large numbers (October 5, 2011) • Spice Jet, Emirates, GMR on hiring mode as air traffic increases (September 21, 2011) • Bangalore to get 1st aerospace institute of India (September 17, 2011) • Air India to hire younger cabin crew to attract passengers (September 14, 2011) • Emirates adds 49 aircraft to fleet, to hire 500 pilots (September 12, 2011) • Emirates seeks 4000 new flight attendants (August 25, 2011) • Asia-Pacific’s first world class aviation varsity to come up at Indira Gandhi Rastriya Udaan Academy in UP (July 18, 2011)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  6. 6. 6 Cockpit • A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  7. 7. 7 Cargo Aircraft • cargo provided on the underside of the aircraft for storing of passenger baggage & freightCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  8. 8. Exterior parts 8Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  9. 9. 9 • Horizontal Stabilizer (Control Pitch) • Vertical Stabilizer (Control Yaw) • Rudder (Change Yaw) • Elevator (Change Pitch) • Flaps (Increase Lift and Drag) • Aileron (Change Roll) • Spoiler (Change Lift, Drag and Roll) • Slats (Increase Lift) • Fuselage (Hold Things together – Carry Payload) • Cockpit (Command and Control) • Turbine Engine (Generate Thrust) • Wing (Generate Lift)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  10. 10. 10 Slides raft• A raft is used during emergency landing like ditching, crash landing, belly landing. And it is called slide raft because it can be used both as a slide and a raft. But not all airplanes are fitted with slide- rafts, smaller planes are normally equipped with slide only, because they seldom travel over oceans.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  11. 11. 11 Cabin inter communication system • The phone network on board consisting of handsets in the flight deck, near every door, flight attendant station, & the crew rest area, each handset can initiate & receive calls from all points.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  12. 12. 12 Passenger service unit(PSU) • PSU is situated above each seat row in the overhead panel above the passenger seats in the cabin of airliners. Amongst other things a PSU contains reading lights, loudspeakers, illu minated signs and automatically deployed oxygen masks and also louvers providing conditioned air.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  13. 13. 13 Jump seat • A jump seat in aviation refers to an auxiliary seat for individuals — other than normal passengers — who are not operating the aircraftCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  14. 14. 14 P1a (LO1 OF UNIT4)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  15. 15. 15 EPILEPSY • Symptoms: 1.The patient becomes aware of with oncoming attack. 2.Aubarity and urinal sensations and may inform you according. • Precautions: 1.Prevent the patient from falling or injury himself or herself. 2.Prevent the patient from biting the tongue by placing a pencil or a spoon handle ,covered with lines ,in the patients mouth between the rows of teeth. 3.Do not forcibly restrain the movements of the patient.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  16. 16. 16 Treatment: • First see that the passenger does not bit his tongue. • At that time take a spoon and put it in between the upper and lower jaw. • If possible shift the passengers who are sitting besides epilepsy passenger. • Loose his shirt buttons and make him relax. • And provide him portable oxygen bottle with mask. • If the condition is serious page for a doctor. • And if the doctor asks physician kit provide him. • Even then the condition serious inform the captain. • Captain will take the decision to land at the nearest airport.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  17. 17. 17 ASTHMA • Cause: Asthma is a multi factional disease which may be triggered by allergy,excercise.,cold air,smoke or infection. • Symptoms: 1.Severe shortness of breath,wheazing,caughing,diffuculty in breathing. 2.Victim is usually anxious and is afraid,he is suffoacating.This trends to prolong the attack. • First aid: 1.Victim usually has had attacks before and carries his own medication with him .Assist victim in taking his medication. 2.Administer low flow of oxygen.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  18. 18. 18 Treatment: • Make the person comfortable by loosing his shirt buttons. And make him relax. • And open the air lovers. • Ask him if he is carrying any medicine with him . If he is carrying give him the medicine , otherwise give him first aid. • Provide him portable oxygen bottle with mask. Before giving oxygen check if the oxygen is flowing through mask or not. • Check him for every 10 min. • If his condition is getting worst page for a doctor. • If there is no doctor on board inform to the captain. • And the captain will take the decision to land the plain at the nearest airport.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  19. 19. 19 P 3a (LO3 OF UNIT4)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  20. 20. Over fire 20 • Identify the cause & source of fire as soon as possible • Move passengers away from the affected area • Switch off all electrical supply to that area be it the galley or cabin • Remove all oxygen bottles from the area affected by the fire • Ware the smoke hood or full-face mask with oxygen bottle and attack the fire from the base upwards • Dampen all shouldering material with plenty of waterCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  21. 21. 21 • Inform the commander immediately & continue doing so about the progress in fire fighting till the fire has been completely contained • In case of any smoke in cabin make the passengers keep their head low • If the smoke is very dense then distribute wet towels • If any passenger is having difficulty in breathing, then administer oxygen bottle with maskCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  22. 22. Bomb scare 22 • First make an announcement about the unidentified object. • If there is no reply from the passengers inform to the captain. • Take the safety card and place it under the object and see that it is movable or not. • Don‘t try to cut the strap or tape which is underneath in tension. • If it is movable take the object to the aft right door and disarm the door • And carefully place blankets and pillows to a certain level and place the object and again put the wet towels ,blankets ,cushions etc.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  23. 23. 23 • Move the passengers of four rows who are sitting at the aft door and the crew and make them sit in the empty seats. • If there are no seats make them sit on the aisle. • And switch of the galley lights and lock and secure the galley. • Remove the emergency equipments. • Now inform the captain. • Captain will make emergency landing at the nearest airport. • After landing the plane will move to the abandon runway. • Mean while the security ,fire engine ,ambulance will be ready. • Mean while passengers will evacuated through rafts.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  24. 24. 24 P 3b (Lo3 of unit4)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  25. 25. 25 Wheelchair passenger • They embark first along with the commercial person. • The ground staff hand overs the passenger to senior most. • The wheelchair passenger handed over to the crew in whose zone he/she is seated • Often these passengers are accompanied by a relative or a medical personnel like a nurse. • The arm waist of these can be open and close. • While serving we must serve them first. • They are seated close to the lavatory many airlines have a specially designated ‗Handicap lavatory.‘ • In emergency evacuation they should evacuate last with the help crew. • They disembark last.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  26. 26. 26 Wheelchair passengerCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  27. 27. 27 P 4a (LO4 OF UNIT4)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  28. 28. Name of the Parts of the Preflight Usage of28 theemergency emergency checks of the emergencyequipment equipment emergency equipment equipmentMega phone 1.Push to talk 1.Carrect 1.Used for button location controlling 2.Sling 2.Secured with crowd 3.Speaker strap 2.Remove from 4.Handel 3.Press the location push to talk 3.Sling it on button to hear your shoulder a click sound to 4.Hold the make sure the handle button is 5.Keep the working speaker in front of your mouth 6.Press theCopyright Information goes here push to talk Company Proprietary and Confidential
  29. 29. Name of the Parts of the Preflight Usage of29 theemergency emergency checks of the emergencyequipment equipment emergency equipment equipmentLife jacket 1.Two red 1.It is kept 1.It is used(yellow for automatic inflation under the seat during ditching tags on the sidespassenger , to inflate theOrange for jacketcrew) 2.Two red manual inflation tubes of either side of jacket 3.Light that‘s comes on automatically when it contacts with salt water & stays for 48 hrs 4.Strap it tightCopyright Information goes here around the waste Company Proprietary and Confidential
  30. 30. Name of the Parts of the Preflight Usage of the 30emergency emergency checks of the emergencyequipment equipment emergency equipment equipmentOxygen 1.Oxygen 1.Check the 1.Remove frombottle with bottle with current location its location andmask sling attached 2.Secure with slide it on 2.Prusser strap shoulder gauge 3.Should be in 2.Attach oxygen 3.Mask with green marked mask to the the corner direction cylinder attached to it 4.Mask should 3.Release the 4.Nob to be available oxygen by release the rotating the knob oxygen 4.Check the oxygen flow 5.Never leave the Copyright Information goes here casual Company Proprietary and Confidential
  31. 31. Name of the Parts of the Preflight Usage of31 theemergency emergency checks of the emergencyequipment equipment emergency equipment equipmentFire 1.Strap is 1.Secure with 1.Remove fromextinguisher secure strap the locationTwo types of 2.Pressure 2.Neadel on 2.extinguisher gauge the pressure 3.Remove the1.Helon 3.Safty pin gauge safety pin2.Water 4.Handel Should be 4.Squase the 5.Trigger 1500 to 2000 trigger for the 6.nozzle psi content to 3.Safty pin release intact 5.Fight the fire 4.Check the in sweeping motion from a safety distanceCopyright Information goes here of 8 feet Company Proprietary and Confidential
  32. 32. Name of the Parts of the Preflight Usage of32 theemergency emergency checks of the emergencyequipment equipment emergency equipment equipmentFire axe 1.Handel 1.Check if it is 1.Use in cause 2.Hook in right position of fire 3.Blade 2.During survival in case of crash-------------------- -------------------- ---------------------- -- -- -------------------- --Asbestos --------- 1.Check if it isgloves in right position 1.Used in case of fire in the cabin 2.It protect Copyright Information goes here from extreme Company Proprietary and Confidential
  33. 33. Name of the Parts of the Preflight Usage of33 theemergency emergency checks of the emergencyequipment equipment emergency equipment equipmentSmoke hood --------- 1. kept above 1.Use in cause the jump seat of fire fighting-------------------- -------------------- -------------------- --------------------ELT --------- 1.Check if it is 1.Used in case in right position of water landing and in any forest landing Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  34. 34. 34 M (units 4 and 9)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  35. 35. 35 SIGN IN TO SIGN OUT OF CREW 1. Entry into the airport with the documents like:  Two id cards  Passport  Circular  Announcement book  Airlines handbook  Torch  DGCA handbookCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  36. 36. 36 2. Then report to the moment control 2 hours before departure.  Check the departure time, arrival time, crew name, captain name, flight number, registration number. 3. And then fill the flight report, custom and immigration form. 4. Report to the senior most in the briefing room. 5. If there is sudden medical check we must attend it. 6. And then the customs and immigration forms.And then security.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  37. 37. 37 7. And after entering into the flight report to the senior most. 8. We do preflight check. In that we check:  Cabin dressing  Lavatory dressing  Galley check  Emergency equipment  Cabin dressing: We check Seat back upright, Seat belt is placed properly, Window shutters up and Seat pockets (news paper, safety card, disposal bag, magazines and headset if arm wrest is there).Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  38. 38. 38  Lavatory dressing : We check nappy table, Soaps and other things which are used to wash hands and face, Emergency fire extinguisher, Crew call button and Open close Nob.  Galley check : We check all the things are secured and strapped, how many meals and trolleys, drinks.  Emergency equipment : We check Portable oxygen bottle with mask, fire extinguisher, fire axe, Life vests and emergency lights which come automatically when no power in flight. 9. And embarkation of passengers. At that time crew take their working position and show the passengers their seats and help them to keep their baggage in the baggage bin.  And also help them to fasten their seat belts.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  39. 39. 39 10. And then we do welcome announcement first in Hindi and then in English. 11. We also do demonstration announcement first in Hindi and then in English. 12. Prepare for take off:  Captain says to close the doors and arm the doors.  Crew members close the door and arm the doors.  Senior takes the briefing from the crew that all doors closed and armed.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  40. 40. 40  Then senior most gives briefing to the captain that a. Captain all doors closed and armed b. 100 passengers on board c. lavatory cleared d. Galley secured e. Passengers seated and strapped f. All emergency equipment checked  Then captain says ―crew at your station for take off‖.  Then crew sits in their jump seat and senior most dims the cabin lights while take off.  After reaching cruising level crew makes an announcement ― You can remove when fasten seat belt sign is off but please remain seated and wear your seat belts‖.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  41. 41. 41 13. Then the crew starts the service.  First the crew starts the complementary bar service to the passengers.  And if the passengers want to buy there is bar sale and in-flight shopping on board.  If it is morning we start the breakfast service.  Before service we make an announcement that ―please remain seated now we are starting the service, if there is any special meal ordered press the call button‖.  Breakfast service to first class:  During the service first we check with the other galley that they are ready for the service or not.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  42. 42. 42  Then we go to the passengers open the table and place the table cloth and give menu card for them.  After two min we offered them some chakos in a bowl.  And then we come with hot and cold milk and ask them if they want hot or cold milk.  After some time serve the main Anthre like warm bread, egg and different types of egg like half boiled, egg toast, full boiled etc.  After that we serve fruits for the passengers.  And we take the trolley with different types of tea ,coffee placed on it along with some cookies.  And then collection of the trays and bowl.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  43. 43. 43  After the service is over for the passengers the crew can also eat but only two members at a time.  And after that one hour before landing we fill up all the forms like bar sale, meal service, bar service, in-flight shopping.  And while landing see that all the passengers are seated and strapped , galley secured and see that no person must be in the lavatory.  After landing we make landing announcement.  And when the captain says disarm the door, disarm the door and before opening it see that the step ladder is attached.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  44. 44. 44  And during disembarkation two crew will stand at the door and remaining crew will help the passengers to remove their baggage from the baggage bin.  And after disembarkation check the cabin if the passengers left something. If there is any object give to the security person.  After that proceed to the moment control.  We must sign out and take the hotel voucher and proceed to the hotel.  After reaching to the hotel first the senior most or the pilots will check in.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  45. 45. 45 If our flight is next day at 6:00 am the hotel people will make a wake up call at four .  The crew members who are in that room must pick the wake up call. And then we check out from hotel and we reach airport. From here the whole procedure is same as the above procedure.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  46. 46. 46 D(1) (UNIT 4 AND 9)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  47. 47. 47 VSCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  48. 48. 48Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  49. 49. 49 Type Subsidiary • Industry Aerospace • Founded 1970 (as Airbus Industrie) 2001 (Airbus as SAS) • Headquarters Blagnac, France • Key people Thomas Enders, Bernard Lathière, John Leahy, . Fabrice Brégier • Products Commercial airliners • Revenue €27.45 billion • Employees 52,000 • Parent EADS • Website www.airbus.comCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  50. 50. 50 • Role Wide-body, double-deck jet airliner • National origin Multi-national • Manufacturer Airbus • First flight 27 April 2005 • Introduction 25 October 2007 with Singapore Airlines • Status In production, in service • Primary users Emirates, Singapore Airlines Qantas, Lufthansa .,etc • Produced 2004–presentCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  51. 51. 51 Type Public • Industry Aerospace, Defense • Founded Seattle, Washington, U.S. (1916) • Headquarters Chicago, Illinois, U.S. • Key people James McNerney (Chairman & CEO) • Products Commercial airliners, Military aircraft ,Munitions, Space systems, Computer services • Revenue US$ 64.306 billion (2010) • Employees 164,495 (Apr. 28, 2011) • Website www.Boeing.comCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  52. 52. 52 • Role Wide-body, long-range • National origin United States • Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes • First flight February 9, 1969 • Introduction January 22, 1970 with Pan Am • Status In production, in service • Primary users British Airways, Cathay Pacific Korean Air, Lufthansa ..,etc • Produced 1969–present • Variants 747SP, 747-400, 747-8, VC-25, E-4Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  53. 53. Airbus a380 Boeing 747 53Decks double deck with twin aisle one is fwb and aftEngines 4 engines 4 enginesInternal cabin width 6.58m 6.1mCapacity of passengers 555min-853max 416Cabin altitude cruises at an altitude of cruises at an altitude of 43,000 feet 28,000 –35,000 ft.Emergency evacuation time 80 sec 90 secWheels 22 wheels 18 wheelsCockpit crew 3 3Cabin crew 22 12Doors 16 12 Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  54. 54. 54 Airbus a380 Boeing 747 Tack off 9,800 ft 11,600ft landing 6,900 ft 7,400 ft features It has bar, beauty saloon, It has only bar confrence room ,restaurant, spa, first Class Private Suite etcCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  55. 55. 55 Airbus 380 Boeing 747-400 Measurements Wingspan 79.8 m (261 ft 10 in) 64.4 m (211 ft 5 in) Length 73.0 m (239 ft 6 in) 70.7 m (231 ft 10 in) Height 24.1 m (79 ft) 19.4 m (63 ft 8 in) Weight: Empty 610,700 lbs 393,263 lbs (277,000 kg) (178,756 kg) Weight: Max Takeoff 1,234,600 lbs 875,000 lbs (560,000 kg) (397,000 kg)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  56. 56. 56Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  57. 57. 57 Airbus A380 vs Boeing 747  Airbus and Boeing are the two giants when it comes to manufacturing commercial airplanes.  The A380 is the latest and biggest plane from Airbus while the 747 has been Boeing‘s flagship for quite some time.  The biggest difference between the two is size as the A380 is certainly much bigger than the 747.  The Airbus A380 has a wingspan that is 15m longer to that of the 747. It is also about 50% heavier than the 747 even when empty.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  58. 58. 58  The size of the A380 is such that many airport runways are not equipped to accommodate the huge planes and had to undergo major renovations to make them fit.  The major contributor to the A380′s considerable size is its 2nd deck, which extends the full length of the entire plane. The 747 is also a double Decker but its 2nd deck is just very short.  The 747′s characteristic bulge at the front of the plane is the extent of its 2nd deck. Because of the full length of the A380′s deck, it can accommodate way more passengers than the 747 without extending its length by much.  Even though the A380 is just over 2 meters longer than the 747, it can accommodate 33% more passengers in the usual 3 class seating or up to 50% more in an all economy seating.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  59. 59. 59  In order to get that much weight into the air, the A380 needs a lot more thrust than the 747.  Each of the A380′s four engines can put out at least 80,000lbs of thrust while the 747′s engines only put out somewhere around 60,000lbs of thrust. But all in all, the A380 still manages to be more efficient and less costly per passenger and would be perfect in high traffic routes like major cities and regional hubs. Other areas may not benefit from having an A380 or may even lose profit because of it.  As the 747 has been in production for four decades, it is no secret that it has gone through many revisions and has many variants aside from the typical passenger and cargo models. Non-commercial variants include VIP transport, with Air Force One being the most popular, Shuttle carrier, and as an aerial fire fighter among others. The A380, being fairly new, only has passenger and cargo models at the moment.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  60. 60. 60 Summary 1.The A380 is much bigger than the 747 2.The A380 is a true double decker while the 747 is not 3.The A380 can accommodate 33% more passengers than the 747 4.The A380 has more powerful engines than the 747 5.The 747 comes in a lot more variants than the A380Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  61. 61. 61 D(2) (UNIT 4 AND 9)Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  62. 62. 62 US Airways flight 1549 crashCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  63. 63. 63 • US Airways flight 1549 was a passenger flight from New York-La Guardia Airport to Charlotte- Douglas International Airport, operated by an Airbus A320. The airplane took off at 15:26 from LaGuardias runway 04. The first officer was pilot flying. As they were reaching an altitude of 3000 feet the crew saw a formation of Canada geese. Before they knew it, the windscreen turned dark brown and several loud thuds were heard. Both engines began to loose power and there was a burning smell.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  64. 64. 64Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  65. 65. 65 • The captain took over control of the the flight. They radioed ATC about their emergency situation: "Aaah, this is Cactus 1549. We lost thrust in both engines. We are turning back toward LaGuardia." It quickly became evident that they were not able to reach LaGuardia. • A possible landing at the Tereboro Airport (TEB) was considered. The captain decided that they would not be able to land safely on the short runway in the middle of a built-up area. The flight descended over the Hudson River until it ditched.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  66. 66. 66Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  67. 67. 67 • Contributing to the survivability of the accident was (1) the decision-making of the flight crewmembers and their crew resource management during the accident sequence; (2) the fortuitous use of an airplane that was equipped for an extended overwater flight, including the availability of the forward slide/rafts, even though it was not required to be so equipped; (3) the performance of the cabin crewmembers while expediting the evacuation of the airplane; and (4) the proximity of the emergency responders to the accident site and their immediate and appropriate response to the accident."Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  68. 68. 68Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  69. 69. 69 Ditching • The plane ended its six-minute flight at 3:31 pm with an unpowered ditching while heading south at about 130 knots (150 mph; 240 km/h) in the middle of the North River section of the Hudson River roughly abeam 50th Street (near the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum) in Manhattan and Port Imperial in Weehawken, New Jersey.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  70. 70. 70Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  71. 71. 71 • commander said in an interview on CBS television that his training prompted him to choose a ditching location near operating boats so as to maximize the chance of rescue. The location was near three boat terminals: two used by ferry operator NY Waterway on either side of the Hudson River and a third used by tour boat operator Circle Line Sightseeing Cruises. After coming to a stop in the river, the plane began drifting southward with the current.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  72. 72. 72Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  73. 73. 73 • National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Board Member Kitty Higgins, the principal spokesperson for the on-scene investigation, said at a press conference the day after the accident that it "has to go down [as] the most successful ditching in aviation history." "These people knew what they were supposed to do and they did it and as a result, nobody lost their life."Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  74. 74. 74Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  75. 75. 75 Evacuation • Immediately after the A320 had been ditched in mid-river, commander gave the "evacuate" order over the PA, and the aircrew began evacuating the 150 passengers, both on to the wings through the four mid-cabin emergency window exits and into an inflatable slide that doubles as a life raft, deployed from the front right passenger door (the front left slide failed to operate as intended), while the partially submerged and slowly sinking airliner drifted down the river with the currentCopyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  76. 76. 76Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  77. 77. 77 • . Two flight attendants were in the front, one in the rear. Each flight attendant in the front opened a door, which was also armed to activate a slide/raft, although the port side raft did not immediately deploy; a manual inflation handle was pulled. One rear door was opened by a panicking passenger, causing the A320 to fill more quickly with water.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  78. 78. 78Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  79. 79. 79 • PROBABLE CAUSE: "The ingestion of large birds into each engine, which resulted in an almost total loss of thrust in both engines and the subsequent ditching on the Hudson River. Contributing to the fuselage damage and resulting unavailability of the aft slide/rafts were 1). the Federal Aviation Administration‘s approval of ditching certification without determining whether pilots could attain the ditching parameters without engine thrust,Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  80. 80. 80Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  81. 81. 81 2). the lack of industry flight crew training and guidance on ditching techniques, and 3). the captain‘s resulting difficulty maintaining his intended airspeed on final approach due to the task saturation resulting from the emergency situation.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  82. 82. 82Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  83. 83. 83 • The flight attendant in the rear who attempted to reseal the rear door was unable to do so, she told CBS News. It was later revealed that the impact with the water had ripped open a hole in the underside of the airplane and twisted the fuselage, causing cargo doors to pop open and filling the plane with water from the rear. The flight attendant urged passengers to move forward by climbing over seats to escape the rising water within the cabin.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  84. 84. 84Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  85. 85. 85 • One passenger was in a wheelchair. Having twice walked the length of the cabin to confirm that no one remained inside after the plane had been evacuated, the captain was the last person to leave the aircraft. • Evacuees, some wearing life-vests, waited for rescue on the partly submerged slides, knee- deep in icy river water. Others stood on the wings or, fearing an explosion, swam away from the plane.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  86. 86. 86Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  87. 87. 87 Rescue • The FDNY sent four marine units and rescue divers.On land, FDNY declared a level III (All Hands) emergency and mobilized their Major Emergency Response Vehicle, Logistical Support Units and had 35 ambulances ready for patients coming off the flight. About 140 FDNY firefighters responded to docks near the crash. The NYPD sent squad cars, helicopters, vessels, and rescue divers from the Aviation Unit and Harbor Unit.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  88. 88. 88Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  89. 89. 89 • In addition, about 30 other ambulances were made available by other organizations, including several hospital-based ambulances (St. Vincent, St. Barnabas). Various agencies also provided medical help on the Weehawken side of the river, where most passengers were taken. Two mutual aid helicopters responded to the West 30th Street Heliport, one from the Nassau County Police and another from the New Jersey State Police. New York Water Taxi sent boats to the scene but did not take part in the rescue.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  90. 90. 90Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  91. 91. 91 Awards • The Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators awarded the entire flight crew of Flight 1549 a Masters Medal on January 22, 2009. The medal is awarded only rarely, for outstanding aviation achievements at the discretion of the Master of the Guild. The citation for the award is: • “ The reactions of all members of the crew, the split second decision making and the handling of this emergency and evacuation was text book and an example to us all. To have safely executed this emergency ditching and evacuation, with the loss of no lives, is a heroic and unique aviation achievement. It deserves the immediate recognition that has today been given by the Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  92. 92. 92 Analysis • I think the crew of this plain have done a wonderful job in landing and evacuating • The commander respond immediately and took a good decision in ditching • The main mistake I have observed in this crash made by the cabin crew is ―some of the passengers are not wearing life jacket and some are not wearing the life jacket properly”Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  93. 93. 93Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  94. 94. 94 Conclusion Aviation classes helped me to know about the factors of aviation industry, its developmental factors & about the current scenario of aviation industry I thank madam for giving me an opportunity to present this assignment.Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  95. 95. 95 Bibliography www.airlines.net www.flightglobal.com www.indianaviationnews.ne en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_Airways_Flight_1549Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential
  96. 96. 96Copyright Information goes here Company Proprietary and Confidential

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