Introduction to legal sytem of india


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Introduction to legal sytem of india

  1. 1. Seek : Study : Succeed<br />
  2. 2. Introduction to Legal System in India<br />
  3. 3. Introduction <br />The legal system defines a set of rules, conduct or/and procedures which are necessary for establishing and maintaining a disciplined society. <br />It has been formulated by custom, agreement and national interests and is enforced through a set of institutions. <br />The legal system is critical as it shapes politics, economics and society in various ways and acts as the best social mediator in relations between people and institutions.<br />The Indian Legal system is one of the oldest and longest written set of laws in the world<br />Our legal system has its roots in the legislature formulated during the British Raj era. <br />
  4. 4. The Indian legal system is formulated baring in mind the diversity of the country and with due respect to the religion, customs and traditions of the people.<br />For instance the Indian Divorce act is different for Hindus and Muslims which is aligned to their respective religious guidelines.<br />The three main branches of government that act as the central institutions for interpreting and creating law are:<br /><ul><li>   Impartial judiciary.
  5. 5. Democratic legislature
  6. 6. Accountable executive</li></li></ul><li>To implement and enforce the law and provide services to the public, a government's bureaucracy, the military and police are vital. <br />While all these branches are created and bound by law, an independent legal profession and a vibrant civil society inform and support their progress<br />Today law is a practice that is dependent on specialisation. New generations of lawyers focus on specific areas of legal interest.<br />This has resulted in the birth of specialisations such as areas of securities transactions, intellectual property law, insurance, cyber law etc.<br />
  7. 7. Indian Judiciary System<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Classification of Law:<br />The various sections of law when broadly classified could be categorized as follows:<br />Criminal law: Offenses against society or State such as Theft, murder, rape, extortion, arson, etc<br />Real estate: Real estate disputes, property tax, transfer of property, Ownership of property etc.<br />Civil law: deeds, leases, will mortgages, agreements, contracts, power of attorney etc.<br />Tax law: Income-tax, wealth tax, gift tax, estate duty, capital gain tax etc.<br />International law: Against breach of internationally accepted set of rules on various affairs.<br />Labour law: Matters between employers and employees.<br />Copyright, IPR, Patenting etc.: Protection of intellectual property and art.Miscellaneous: family law, constitutional law, corporate law, patents, excise law, customs and transportation.<br />
  10. 10.<br />Medical -<br />AIEEE -<br />Aviation -<br />Engineering -<br />Commerce -<br />Medical -<br />Science -<br />Animation -<br />Clinical Research -<br />Hotel Management -<br />Media -<br />Fashion Designing -<br />MBA -<br />IIT -<br />CAT -<br />Media -<br />