Water Related Disaster In Vn


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Water Related Disaster In Vn

  1. 1. <ul><li>Water Related Disaster Management </li></ul><ul><li>in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Dao Trong Tu, Ph.D </li></ul><ul><li>GWP-SEA SC Member for Vietnam </li></ul>
  2. 2. Map of South-East Asia
  3. 3. Our very beautiful and diversified SEA
  4. 4. Population: 85.6 million (2008)    Urban (2008): 27.1% Rural (2008): 72.9% Land area: 331,690 km 2 Population density : 258 pers/km2 GDP per capita (2008) : US$860 Vietnam
  5. 5. Water Resources in Vietnam <ul><li>Average annual rainfall: 1,600 -2,000 mm </li></ul><ul><li>Total annual water volume: 830-840 km 3 (> 60% from neighbor countries) </li></ul><ul><li>River systems: 2360 rivers with length > 10 Km, </li></ul><ul><li>14 main river basins with catchments area more than 10,000 Sq. Km. </li></ul><ul><li>- Two seasons: Wet/rainy: from April to October; dry season: from November to March.River: 2,630 river </li></ul>
  6. 6. Water related Disasters in Vietnam <ul><li>storms </li></ul><ul><li>floods </li></ul><ul><li>inundation </li></ul><ul><li>drought </li></ul><ul><li>salt water intrusion </li></ul><ul><li>storm surge </li></ul><ul><li>landslides and </li></ul><ul><li>flash floods </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Natural Disaster in Vietnam
  8. 8. Damages caused by natural disaster from 1997 to 2006 5,794 1,697 1.4 mil 3,6 mil 1.6 bil USD 1.3 bil USD 6,304 993 1997 – 2001 2002 – 2006
  9. 9. Victims in natural disasters from 1995 to 2006
  10. 10. Annual damages caused by Natural Disaster (from 1997 to 2006) - Death and missing: 750 persons - Injury: thousands of persons - Economic loss: approximately 1.5% GDP of Vietnam
  11. 11. Water related disaster in the year 2007 Death and Missing people: 262 (Children: 36) Injured people: 387 Affected people: 3,5 million Houses damaged: 121.897 Total economic loss: 7.000 bil VND (437 mil USD) Typhoons : 5 (3 typhoons effected in Vietnam) Flood : 2 events Flash flood : 17 events
  12. 12. <ul><li>National Strategy for Water Related Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Minimize people dead and injured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce economic loss caused by disaster, reduce environmental destruction to ensure sustainable development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparedness, response and alleviation of consequences. Preparedness is very important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategy was developed based on the guideline that the Government and community work together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine inherited traditional experience with modern technologies and knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Measures <ul><li>Non-structure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance the capacity of forecast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure that development plan, building codes of socio-economic structures and residential areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training and capacity building have been provided for all level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure the co-coordinative guidance and closely cooperation among forces of search and rescue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure the safety of reservoirs, dikes, especially crowded residential areas and political, economic. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the fishery communication system </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Measures (cont.) <ul><li>Non-structure (Cont.) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing further national programmes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Program on completing legal documents and normative acts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program on consolidating organizational mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan establishment and review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs on strengthening warning and forecast capacities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs on community awareness raising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs on protective forest plantation and protection: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs on disaster management capacity and science, technology application </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Measures (cont.) <ul><li>Structuring measures: </li></ul><ul><li>Upgrade and build structures suitable for each region’s disaster characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Construct reservoirs upstream for flow regulation and flood-mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Expanse flood discharge openings for railroad bridges and sluices </li></ul><ul><li>Construct erosion prevention structures </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance dyke system, upgrade and improve sluices underneath dykes, paving dyke surface </li></ul><ul><li>Construct storm shelters for boats and ships. </li></ul><ul><li>Construct residential clusters for flood resistance and storm avoidance. </li></ul><ul><li>Construct salinity intrusion prevention and freshwater keeping structures . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Implementing Structure Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control CENTRAL GOVERNMENT Provincial Committee for Flood & Storm Control and Search & Rescue (64 provinces/cities) Districts’ Committee for Flood & Storm Control and Search & Rescue Communes’ Committee for Flood & Storm Control and Search & Rescue Government Office Deputy Head Ministry of Agriculture And Rural Development Head Ministry of Defense Deputy Head Ministry of Planning and Investment Member Ministry of Finance Member Ministry of Natural Resource And Environment Member Ministry of Transportation Member Ministry of Labor, Invalid and Social Affair Member Ministry of Foreign Affairs Member Ministry of Science and Technology Member Ministry of Construction Member Ministry of Health Member Ministry of Industry and Trade Member Ministry of Information and Communication Member Vietnam Red Cross Member Vietnam Television Member Radio Voice of Vietnam Member HMS Member DDMFSC Member Institution of Geophysics Member HCM Communist Youth Union Member
  18. 18. <ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to their own functions and duties, ministries, sectores and localities will be responsible for implementing content, objectives, responsibilities and solutions of the Strategy efficiently. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Planing and Investment, Ministry of Finance arrange annual investment resources according to the Law on State Budget and other funding resources to implement efficiently the National Strategy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MARD and Central Commitee for Flood and Storm Control will preside over the implementation of National Strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People’s Committee, Committee for Flood & Storm Control and Search&Rescue at province, city levels steer its departments to implement the National Strategy. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 30. Xin cảm ơn