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Nargis Water Related Distater Management

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  • At national level, we have national disaster preparedness central committee, which is chaired by the Prime Minister, and the minister of SWRR is the secretary.
  • This diagram shows the structure of disaster prevention, from the national level down to community level. You can see the web connecting different level of authorities, UN, INGO, LNGO bodies and ASEAN members.

Nargis Water Related Distater Management Nargis Water Related Distater Management Presentation Transcript

  • UNION OF MYANMAR Nargis Disaster and Its Management Myanmar Water Partnership 18 th September, 2009 10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 PERCENTAGE OF DISASTER OUTBREAK IN MYANMAR (1998-99 to 2007-08) Other 8% Storm 11% Flood 10% Fire 71%
  • 10/15/09
      • Recent Major Disaster
      • 2004
      • 2007
      • 2006
    264.26 mil 210.12 mil 982.12 mil 2592 42856 10570 42 23 - 61 37 14 84537 Tsunami Cyclone Mala Cyclone Akash Cyclone Nargis 2004 2006 2007 2008 Losses estimated (US$) ‏ No. of victims injured killed Disaster Year
  • Impact of Cyclone Nargis
    • Cyclone Nargis made landfall in Myanmar on 2nd and 3 rd May 2008, causing extensive damage in Ayeya- waddy and Yangon divisions.
    10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 NARGIS: MEANING: FLOWER/ FEMALE COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: PAKISTAN LANGUAGE OF ORIGIN: ARABIC SEVERE CYCLONIC STORM = WITH EXCEEDINGLY LOW PRESSURE AT THE CENTRE AND WITH WINDS EXCEEDING 150 mph ABOUT THE WORDS - GLOSSARY OF 'NARGIS' 01B08 = THE FIRST STORM IN THE BAY OF BENGAL FOR THE YEAR 2008.
  • 10/15/09 Total Number of storms (%) formed in the Bay of Bengal and that had crossed Myanmar coast during the period 1887 to 2005 MAY IS ONE OF THE STORM MONTH FOR MYANMAR WITH POSSIBILITY OF 30% CHANCE OF LAND CROSSING. Month Storms formed in the Bay of Bengal Storms which crossed Myanmar coast JAN 16( 1%) 2( 2%) FEB 3( 0%) 1( 1%) MAR 8( 1%) --- APR 32( 3%) 15( 19%) MAY 89( 7%) 24( 30%) JUN 111( 9%) 1( 1%) JUL 180( 15%) --- AUG 192( 15%) -- SEP 209( 17%) --- OCT 190( 15%) 14( 18%) NOV 141( 11%) 14( 18%) DEC 77( 6%) 9( 11%) Total 1248(100%) 80(100%) Total 10.49 0.66
  • 10/15/09 Life Span Where Affected Areas Intensity 26 th – 3rd May, 2008 SW Bay, WC Bay & adjoining EC Bay Ayeyerwady, Yangon &Bago Divisions, Mon & Kayin States Severe Cyclonic storm (Category-2)
  • 10/15/09 FORMATIVE STAGE or THE BIRTH OF NARGIS 27/5/08 0600 UTC = 12:30 MST(27/4/06)
  • 10/15/09 10N 20N 90E 100E 01-May-2008 0030Z NARGIS ON PROGRESS or STRUCTURAL MATURING
  • 10/15/09 02-May-2008 0030Z 90E 100E 20N 10N
  • 10/15/09 NEAR THE PEAK or NARGIS IS ABOUT TO BE BORN 2/5/08 0730 UTC = 14:00 MST
  • 10/15/09 02-May-2008 1000Z 15.0N 90.0E 105.0E CROSSING STAGE
  • 10/15/09 02-May-2008 1457Z 10N 20N 90E 100E
  • 10/15/09 Storm News (Issued at (17:30)hrs MST on 1 st May, 2008) According to the observations at (15;30)hrs MST today, the cyclonic storm “NARGIS” is now located (340) miles WSW of Gwa, Rakhine State. Myanmar coast within next (24) hrs commencing this evening. It is forecast to further intensify and move NNE wards. Under the influence of this storm, widespread rain or thundershowers will be in Rakhine, Mon, Kayin States, Ayeyarwady, Yangon, Bago and Taninthayi Divisions, scattered in Shan and Kayah States, isolated in the remaining areas with heavyfalls in coastal areas. Squall with rough sea are likely attimes off and along Myanmar coast. Surface wind speed in squall may reach (50)mph. On crossing the coast, storm surge height of about (8-10)feet above normal tide will be expected along Southern Rakhine and northern Ayeyarwady coastal areas. (15:30)hrs of 1 st May,2008
  • 10/15/09 20 20 23 10 15 22 Kadonkani (20’) 17 Haingyi Pyinkayaine Laputta Pyinsalu Mawlamyinegyunn Kyonkadun Bo ka Lay
  • Type of Warnings issued During the Storm
    • Daily weather bulletin
    • Special Storm News
    • Four Stage warnings
        • Pre-Cyclone watch
        • Cyclone Alert
        • Cyclone Warning
        • Post Landfall outlook
    • Warnings for designated officials
    • Warnings for Port Authorities
    • Warnings for Aviation
    • Warnings for Navy
    10/15/09 www.themegallery.com
    • Number of storm alert bulletins, storm warnings issued by DMH
    • NMC Aviation
    • 25-4-2008 Special News 2 2
    • 26-4-2008 Special News 2 2
    • 27-4-2008 Storm News 1 2
    • 28-4-2008 Special Storm News 2 2
    • 29-4-2008 Storm Alerts 3 2
    • 30-4-2008 Storm Warnings 4 2
    • 1- 5-2008 Storm Warnings 6 2
    • 2- 5-2008 Storm warnings 7 2
    • 3- 5-2008 Storm arnings 6 2
    • *Starting from the evening of 2 nd May, special storm warnings with possible storm affected specific areas are issued hourly to all news media. National televisions televised all hourly news continuously in footnote rolling format without a break.
    10/15/09 www.themegallery.com
  • 10/15/09 Warning System Department of Meteorology & Hydrology Forecasting, Daily Weather Report, Warning of Storm, Flood, Extraordinary Weather condition MEDIA Central Committee Ministry Concerned Regional Authority and Committee TV, Radio, Daily Newspaper, Military and Civil Communication System - Control Office -Directing -Supporting -Collecting Timely Condition -Necessary Action for Relief - Announcement to Public -Close Supervision -Evacuation -Search and Rescue -Food, Security, Healthcare -Necessary Action 2.1 Current Situation
  • 10/15/09 www.themegallery.com That is the story One of the local resident Admitted that they know the Warning in 48 hours in advance. Since they have been living in the coastal areas throughout their lives, they feel that They are so familiar with the sea. Winds and seas are daily phenomena. However, due to the storm warning they did take some precautions- Just stay home and not to go work to sea. They admitted they never expect such an impact, even by the elders, who had been living in the area for more than 80-90 years.
  • 10/15/09 SCS ”NARGIS”01B08 was a very peculiar. The third storm in history which ever cross the Myanmar coastline in May. Due to the influence of SCS NARGIS, the highest toll of death in the historical record. (1)severe stage while a crossing the southern Ayeyarwady (2) moving straight East wards between sea and land (3) low line and populated areas (4) many tributaries in Deltaic areas Monitoring- NMC(YGN),NPT,MGDN(aviation),EWC and Hourly observations in the coastal stations Forecasts -COLA(USA),IMD(India),Guam Airbase(USA), ADPC(BKK),CIMSS(USA)& TSR(UK) Delievering to-Higher and Local Authorities and also Mass Media (Interview,Daily news paper, TV & Radio) CONCLUSION
    • 84,537 persons were dead, 53,836 were missing and 19,359 were injured.
    • The number of totally damaged houses were 450,000 and partially damaged houses were 350,000.
    • Over 4,000 schools were damaged.
    • In health sector, 75% of the health facilities were also destroyed.
    Damage and Loss 10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Damage of Cyclone Nargis
  • 10/15/09 National Disaster Preparedness Central Committee Prime Minister Chairman Secretary(1),State Peace and Vice Chairman Development Council (15) Ministers Concerned Member Mayor (YGN, MDY) Member Minister (SWRR) Secretary Person Assigned by chairman Joint Secretary National Disaster Management System
  • 10/15/09 Sub-committee for Assessment of losses Sub-committee for Information of losses and Emergency Assistance Sub-committee for Search and Rescue Sub-committee for Emergency Communication Sub-committee for Information and Education National Disaster Preparedness Management Working Committee National Disaster Preparedness Central Committee Sub-committee for Clearing Ways and Transportation Sub-committee for Mitigation and Establishing of Emergency Shelter Sub-committee for Health Sub-committee for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Sub-committee for Security
  • 10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Prime Minister holds the Emergency Meeting on 3 rd May 2008
    • The ASEAN-United Nations International Pledging Conference was held in Yangon on 25 th May 2008.
    • The Conference concluded with commitment of providing humanitarian assistance to Cyclone Nargis affected areas.
    10/15/09
    • TCG has been formed on 31 May 2008.
    • 3 representatives each from Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and United Nations.
    • Chaired by Deputy Minister for Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    • Main task is to coordinate among UN agencies, INGOs and Myanmar Govt. in relief and rehabilitation activities.
    10/15/09
    • Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) was conducted by TCG in 291 affected villages with the assessment team member of over 300.
    • Village Tract Assessment (VTA) and Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA) were carried out.
    • PONJA, the guidance for Post-Nargis Recovery and Reconstruction was officially launched on 21st July 2008.
    • Post-Nargis Recovery and Preparedness Plan (PONREPP) is prepared by TCG and launched on 9 th February,2009.
    10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 PONJA Teams
  • Institution of Clusters
    • Food Cluster
    • Agriculture
    • Water and Sanitation
    • Shelter
    • Health
    • Child and Woman Protection
    • Nutrition
    • Education
    • Agriculture
    • Early Recovery
    • Logistics and Emergency Telecommunication
    10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Emergency Relief Supply
  • 10/15/09 Myanmar Fire Brigade Armed Forces Myanmar Police Force
  • 10/15/09 Union Solidarity and Development Association Myanmar Women’s Affairs Federation Myanmar Red Cross Society Myanmar Maternal and Child Welfare Association
  • Recovery Activities Emergency Relief
    • The ministers in charge of respective severely- affected area
    • were assigned to effective supervision.
    • Early recovery tasks were successfully undertaken.
    • Epidemic diseases were under control in the storm-affected areas.
    • The lives of storm-hit people were saved due to the humanitarian assistances from International Community.
    10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Rehabilitation of Housing
  • 10/15/09 School Construction
  • Health Sector 10/15/09 Temporary clinic Sub-Rural Health Centre Township Hospital Rural Health Centre
  • 10/15/09 Construction entrepreneurs involvement in reconstruction tasks Wah Wah Win Co. Ltd. Max Myanmar Co. Ltd. Original Group Co. Ltd. Htoo Trading & Air Bagan Co. Ltd.
    • The main businesses in Ayeyarwaddy Division are agriculture, fishery and salt production.
    • Agricultural works were destroyed due to loss of draught cattle, damage to paddy strains, sea water intrusion to paddy land and damage of farm equipments.
    Livelihood 10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Rehabilitation of Agriculture
  • Nargis Disaster and Its Management 10/15/09 Flooded Area 1.9 Million Acres Situation Aftermath of Cyclone Nargis Saline Water Intruded Area 1.3 Million Acres Sown Area of Rice 3.2 Million Acres
    • To reconstruct the damaged embankments and polders
    • To renovate the deteriorated embankments and polders
    10/15/09
  • Rehabilitation Plans of Cyclone Nargis Affected Areas under the Irrigation Department Concerns 10/15/09 Phase 1 – Emergency Repair of Damaged Embankments/Polders Phase 2 – Rehabilitation up to Original Authorized Crest Level Phase 3 – Rehabilitation up to Nargis Period Water Level Phase 4 – Additional Freeboard Construction
  • 10/15/09
  • Damage of Embankments /Polders
    • Total length 1079 km (11.562 million cubic meters)
    • Damaged Embankments/Polders
    • Ayeyarwaddy Division
    • 20 polders (covers from Ngaputaw Town-ship to Kyaiklat Township)
    • 14 embankments (along the coastal line)
    • Yangon Division
    • 7 embankments (Kunchangone, Kawhmu, kyauktan and Thongwa Townships)
    10/15/09
  • Rehabilitation Work
    • Planned Project Duration : 2 years
    • Total financial requirements : 24.86 million USD
    • Component of project in 1 st year
      • Reconstruction of embankments/polders
      • Storm shelter for rescue of local people
    10/15/09
  • Type of Storm Shelter
    • Strom shelter embankment (Hillock)only
    • Drinking water pond of storm shelter and
    • Storm shelter combined with drinking water pond
    10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Cyclone Shelter Design Cyclone Shelter for 1000 persons (Two-storeyed) Cyclone Shelter for 500 persons (one-storeyed) Cyclone Shelter for 300 persons (one-storeyed)
  • 10/15/09 Rehabilitation of Fishery sector
  • 10/15/09 Pre Nargis Cyclone Fisheries Condition
  • 10/15/09 Damages and losses in fisheries sector Affected in Ayeyarwaddy and Yangon Divisions – 1. Off-shore fishing vessels : 41 2. Local off-shore fishing boats : 288 3. In-shore fishing boats (mechanized) : 553 4. In-shore fishing boats (non-mechanized) : 1206 5. Off-shore fishing gears : 200 sets 6. In-shore fishing gears (mechanized) : 330 sets 7. In-shore fishing gears (non-mechanized) : 2230 sets 8. Crew death : 17876 9. Missing Crew : 9612 10.Value of losses : 23140.44 million kyats
  • 10/15/09
      • Damaged Vessels/Boats and Gears in In-shore/Off-shore Fisheries
    Marine Fisheries (Lost of Value) i. Offshore fisheries - 859 Million Kyats ii. Inshore fisheries - 1719 Million Kyats iii. Total - 10309 Million Kyats Sr. State / Division Off-shore In-shore Remarks Mechanized Non-mechanized Vessel Gear Boat Gear Boat Gear 1 2 Yangon Division Ayeyarwaddy Division 41 288 200 15 553 330 1206 2230 Over GRT 70 Off-shore fishing vessels local off-shore vessels
  • 10/15/09 Death and Losses of Fisheries Workers in Ayeyarwady Division Sr Township Losses Death 1. Pyapon - 181 2. Lattputta 4692 7850 3. Ngaputaw 886 - 4. Bogalay 2401 6316 5. Daydaye 160 390 6. Kyaiklat 17 - 7. Mawlamyaing Kyun 1432 3138 8. Kyauk Tan 1 1 9. Yangon 23 - Total 9612 17876
  • 10/15/09 Rehabilitations Activities
  • 10/15/09 Distributed in Ngapudaw, Labutta, Mawlamyinegyun, Pyapon, Bogale, Kyaiklatt and Dedaye townships in Ayeyarwaddy division - Fishing boats 9067 - Tiger mouth nets 7201 - Hilsa nets 3293 - Trammel nets 745 - Push nets 1200 - Cast nets 1688 - Surrounding nets 878 - Shrimp fry nets 112 Distributed in Kungyangon, Kawhmu, Twantay and Kyauktan townships in Yangon division - Fishing boats 433 - Tiger mouth nets 226 - Hilsa nets 143 - Surrounding nets 61
  • 10/15/09 Salt Production
  • 10/15/09 Construction of Seven Main Roads
      • 43 International Non-Govermental Organizations are carrying out rehabilitation and reconstruction programmes
      • Livelihood recovery
      • Construction of shelter
      • Schools and rural health centres
      • Protection of children and women and Psychosocial support
      • Income generation
      • Provision of furniture and stationary for schools
      • Disaster risk reduction programmes .
    Cooperation of INGOs 10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Opening of Training of Trainers on Disaster Risk Reduction
  • 10/15/09 Opening of Disaster Management Course in Yangon
    • Formation of Tripartite Core Group (TCG) is very effective for the implementation of relief and post Nargis recovery.
    • Coordination and cooperation among Government, ASEAN, UN Agencies and INGOs.
    • Effective coordination and cooperation among Ministries concerned.
    • Participation of local entrepreurships in relief and recovery programme.
    • Arrangements for travel permission and visa permission of INGOs.
    Lesson Learnt and Constraints 10/15/09
  • Health Care Provision
    • Under the guidance of Prime Minister, Chair of the National Natural Disaster Preparedness Central Committee the teams visited Mawlamyinegyun, Pyapon and Bogale on the 4 th of May and provided emergency medical care and referred severely injured patients to Yangon General Hospital and Yangon Kyimyindaing Orthopedic Hospital by military helicopters.
    10/15/09
    • Specialist teams
    • Specialist teams were formed and sent to the frontier camps in groups of (20) in rotation, fully equipped with medicines and supplies.
    10/15/09
    • - Physician
    • - Surgeon
    • - Orthopedic surgeon
    • - Paediatrician
    • - Anesthetist
    • - Psychiatrist
    • - Eye surgeon
    • - Dental surgeon
    • Medical doctors
    • Nurses
    • Prevention and control of disease outbreaks
    • ( 90) Public Health professionals visited with
    • - Bleaching powder
    • - Water guard tablets - ORS and Essential medicines - Fogging machines and insecticides - Insecticide Treated Bed-Nets - Vaccines - Vitamin supplements
    10/15/09
  • Public health measures implemented at the storm-hit areas
    • Health education
    • Chlorination of drinking water
    • Construction of sanitary latrines
    • Proper waste management
    • Fogging with insecticide to control vector borne diseases
    • Immunization particularly polio and measles to children under 15 years
    • Vitamin A distribution
    • Moral support
    • Mental health care
    • Surveillance of disease outbreak
    10/15/09
  • Mobile Hospital Ships
    • Four Floating Hospitals visited to Pyapon, Bogale, Labutta and Mawlamyainggyun townships
    • Anchored at the townships, give treatment on board for medical care, dental and mental care.
    • Daily visit nearby villages along the river creeks and streams by motor boats and give treatment to the people residing there.
    10/15/09
    • Floating Hospitals
    • (7) batches of 129 doctors and nurses had been deployed to storm-hit areas by Double Deckers
    • Curative services, disease control and public health measures provided on the ships.
    • Mental health was also taken care of by psychiatrists on board
    • Refer patients that need further mental care to base camps
    10/15/09
  • Health Care Provision at Relief Camps by local NGOs
    • MMA contributed altogether (160) doctors in Yangon and (266) doctors in Ayeyawady Division for provision of medical care.
    • MNA visited Ayeyawady Division and provided nursing care
    • MHAA visited Yangon Division and support public health
    • MRCS also contributed by first-aid management at front camps
    10/15/09
    • Doctors, nurses and pharmacists from Asia Royal private hospital visited to Kunchangone on 7 th May (21 persons) and 9 th May (27 persons).
    • 23 health personnel form Pan Hlaing private hospital had been working at Ngaputaw and Haingyi-Kyun since 21 st May.
    • 19 health personnel from Pinlon (SSC) private hospital had been stationed at Hlaingbone in Labutta and provided medical care for two times since 3 rd June.
    Private sector Involvement 10/15/09
    • International Medical Teams
    • ASEAN responded to Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar with regional solidarity.
    • Member States rapidly deployed medical teams both bilaterally as well as a regional outfit, hand-in-hand with that of other countries.
    • Medical teams from Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines and Laos from the ASEAN Region
    • Teams from Japan, China, France, Korea, India, Bangladesh, Hungary and Sri Lanka
    10/15/09
  • 10/15/09 Future Plan of Action
    • Mobilization of health personnel to affected areas
    • (2) Reconstruction and renovation of damaged health facilities
    • (3) Replenishment of equipment, logistics, medicines and supplies to health facilities
    • (4) Early detection and rapid response of disease outbreak
    • (5) Mental Health
    • ( 6) Water and Sanitation
    • (7) Immunization
    • (8) Protein Energy Malnutrition Control
    • (9) Reproductive Health Project
    • ( 10) School Health
    • (11) Restore and maintain TB control
    • (12) DHF control
    • (13) Malaria Control
    • (14)Prevention and Control of HIV/ADIS, STD & Sexual Health
    10/15/09
    • Some donors cannot fully contribute to the recovery activities.
    • Some donors cannot continuously provide financial assistance according to the project due to economic crisis.
    • Majority of expenditure of logistics were spent in communication and transportation.
    Constraints 10/15/09
    • It is necessary to implement many programmes such as construction of schools, hospitals, village houses and livelihood.
    • Early warning system and disaster preparedness programme are main requirements for delta area.
    • Cyclone shelters will be constructed in the coastal area for safer place of the community.
    • We need many contributions and cooperation of donors and well-wishers.
    10/15/09
  • Thank you for your kind attention! 10/15/09
  • 10/15/09