• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Indonesia workshop evaluation iwrm 2000 2010-indonesia_sutardi-a_21092011

Indonesia workshop evaluation iwrm 2000 2010-indonesia_sutardi-a_21092011






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Indonesia workshop evaluation iwrm 2000 2010-indonesia_sutardi-a_21092011 Indonesia workshop evaluation iwrm 2000 2010-indonesia_sutardi-a_21092011 Presentation Transcript

    • Workshop on Evaluation of IWRM in SEA 2000-2010
      Country Report on
      Evaluation of IWRM Implementation in
      Indonesia 2000-2010
      Policy, Legal and Institutional Aspects
      Indonesia Water Partnership
    • Scope of Information Required
      National Overview
      National Water Resources Policy
      National Water Legislation Framework
      Institutional Framework
      Water Resources Status
      Country Investment in Water Resources Develoment and Management (WRDM): 2000 – 2010
      Burning issues, Hot Spots and Critical challenges
      The Way Forward
    • I. National Overviewa. Pertinent statistical data:
      • Location of the country
      lying along equator
      • Area land; Water (%)
      • Administrative regions
      • Population 2000  2010
      • Urban population (%)
      • Population distribution (%)
      • GDP per capita 2010
      • Total No. Island; inhabited
      • Climate
      • Annual raifall
      • N. lat. 6o 02’ & S. lat. 110 5’
      • East long. 940 45’ & 1410 05’
      • 1,919,440 km2 ; water 4.85%
      • 33 prov., 349 districts, 91 cty
      • 207.6 mil.  237.6 mil.
      • 2000: 42% 2010: 44.3%;
      • Java: 60%; Off Java: 40%
      • US $ 3,015
      • 17,508; about 6,000
      • Tropical; wet & dry seasons
      • Low lands: 1,780 - 3,175 mm
      • Mountaneous: up to 6,100mm
    • Water Balance by Island
      Year 2020
      Keterangan : * = % thd total nasional
    • Lampiran - 4
      Water Balance
      By island
    • b. Government System for WRDM
      • New water resources Law enacted since 2004 and its implementing government regulations follow
      • National Water Resources Council exist since 2009. In 2011 the Council issued National WRDM Policy
      • At national level WRDM carried out by Min. Public Works (2 DGs) and other 8 sectoral ministries
      • 5,590 rivers in Indonesia based on management view point are grouped in 133 River Territories (RT’s)
      • 133 RT based on its administrative responsibility further grouped in 13 District RT; 51 Provincial RT; 64 National RT’s (consisting of 27 interprov. RT + 37 RT national strategic), and 5 RT transboundary
      • WRDM of 64 National RTs are carried out by 12 Major River Basin Organizations (Major RBOs) and 19 RBOs
      • WRDM of 51 Provincial RTs, 13 District RTs, and 5 RT transboundaries carried out by 33 Provincial WRDM agencies
    • II. National Water Resources Policy (1)
      Water Resources Management Policy Reform:
      Sector problems:
      • water allocation is under local scarcity due to growth of
      non-irrigation water demand;
      • inadequate urban access to piped water supply;
      • water pollution and adverse impacts of untreated
      municipal wastewater discharge, including industrial and
      mining effluent disposal;
      • adverse impacts of watershed degradation such as
      increasing flood peaks causing economic damages,
      decreasing dry season flow and sedimentation damages
      to water infrastructure;
    • II. National Water Resources Policy (2)
      Water Resources Management Policy Reform:
      b. Policy Amendment in Policy Reform 2000-2010
      • enhance integrated water resources management (IWRM) to achieve sustainable resource use
      • manage water in all aspects -- social, ecological and economic
      • achieve a balance between conservation and water use
      • decentralize the water resources management
      • assure the basic right of water for all people
      • make future policy in a democratic way.
    • II. National Water Resources Policy (3)
      Issuance of Policies related to WRDM:
      • Enactment of the new Water Resource law
      • National Action Plan on MDG’s
      • Implementation of IWRM
      • Climate Variability and Climate Change Anticipation
      i.e., Establishment of National Policy & Strategy
      • Water Resources Development program
      • Water and Sanitation
      • Rural Water supply and Sanitation Action
      • Water for Food and Rural Development
    • II. National Water Resources Policy (4)
      Government Commitment related to WRM:
      List of Declaration in national events:
      • Medium Term National Develoment Plan 2004-2009
      • National Movement on Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program
      • National Partnership Movement for Preservation of Water Resources
    • II. National Water Resources Policy (5)
      Government Commitment related to WRM:
      List of Declaration in regional events:
      • The Second Southeast Asia Water Forum:
      The Bali Ministerial Declaration and Plan of Action
      • The Second Southeast Asia Water Forum:
      The Forum Call for Action
    • II. National Water Resources Policy (6)
      Specific policies related to WRMs Sectors
      • Irrigation
      • Water Supply and sanitation
      • Water Quality
      • River Basin Management
      • Upper Watershed Management and Land Use
      • Flood and Drought Management
      • Decentralization
      • Groundwater
      • Dam construction
      • Water and Industry
      • Water and Energy
      • Water and Transportation
      • Water User Organization
      • Collaboration With External Support
    • III. National Water Legislation Framework (1)
      Comprehensive Water Resources Management Law
      Features of the New Act
      • Management focus
      • Integration/river basin approach
      • Participation
      • Good governance
      • Water as a social and economic good
    • III. National Water Legislation Framework (2)
      Comprehensive Water Resources Management Law
      Content of the new law:
      • Institutional aspect
      • Authority and responsibility
      • Coordination
      • Public consultation
      • Planning
      • Information system
      • Irrigation management policy
      • Water use
      • Conservation
      • Operation and maintenance
      • Flood Control
      • Financial issues
    • III. National Water Legislation Framework (3)
      Specific regulation related to WRM
      • Irrigation
      • Water supply
      • Sanitation  no specific regulation
      • Flood control and management  no specific reg.
      • River basin management
      • Upper watershed and land use  no specific reg.
      • Water quality
      • Groundwater
      • Dam construction
      • Decentralization  no specific reg.
      • Water users organizations  no specific reg.
    • III. National Water Legislation Framework (4)
      Remaining government regulations needed
      • Management of Swamp
      • Management of River
      • Management of Lake
      • Management of Enterprising Water Resource
      • Management of Upper watershed and land use
      • Management of Sanitation
      • Management of Flood
    • IV. Institutional Framework (1)
      1) Institutions involved in WR Management
      A. National level:
      • Min. Public Works (2 DGs) & other 8 sectoral minist.
      • National Water Resourcse Council
      • National Board on Climate Change
      Private/State Enterprise Sector:
      • PLN related to hydro-power
      NGO and Academia:
      • PERPAMSI
      • KAI (Ina WP)
      • CK-Net Indonesia
    • IV. Institutional Framework (2)
      Institutions involved in WR Management
      B. Provincial/River Basin level:
      • Provincial Water Resources Agency
      • Provincial Water Resourcse Council
      • Coordination Team for WRM of river basin
      • Major River Basin Organization (major RBO) & RBO
      State Enterprise Sector:
      • PJT I (Brantas & B. Solo RTs) and PJT II (Jatiluhur)
      • PDAM related to drinking water
      • PLN related to hydro-power
      NGO and Academia:
      • PERPAMSI (branching)
      • NGO: 31 nos
      • CK-Net Indonesia (has 10 universities as member)
    • IV. Institutional Framework (3)
      Institutions involved in WR Management
      C. Research and Information:
      • CK – Net Indonesia
      • Ministry of Publik Works Research and Development Agency
      D. Human resources, Education and Training:
      • Government’s Human Resources, Education & Training Center
      • Universities’s Human Resources, Education & Training Center
    • IV. Institutional Framework (4)
      Present outstanding institutional issues
      • Regulatory functions and service provision functions of water resources still intermingle.
      • Law enforcement is not functional; the frameworks for water resources management have not yet been legalized.
      • Most human resources in the water resources sector, especially those in the field are not professionals.
      • Conflicts of interest among stakeholders, sectors, administration authority and geographical area (i.e., downstream vs upstream).
      • Strong sectoral and local ego in water resources and other sector related to water
      • Process of formulation of framework for water resources management is considered by some participants as lacking adequate participation of and inputs from stakeholders, etc
    • V. Water Resources Status (1)
      A. Water Resources Conditions:
      1) Watershed and River Condition:
      • Decrease of area of forest resources
      • Degradation of upper watersheds
      • Degradation of coastal ecosystem
      • Mining practice that caused environmental degradation
      Water Quality
      • Upstream: still in good quality to lightly polluted
      • Middlestream: lightly polluted to polluted
      • Downstream: polluted to heavily polluted
    • Watershed and River Condition
      Increase of critical lands (13,1 mil. Ha in 1992, now (2010) already > 18,5 mil Ha).
      Increase distribution of critical RCA (22 RCAs in 1984, 39 RCAs in 1992, become 62 RCAs in 2005).
      1984 ---22 Critical RCA
      1992 --- 39 Critical RCA
      2005 --- 62 Critical RCA
      LP = ligthly polluted; PL = polluted; HP= highly polluted; Good = not yet polluted
    • V. Water Resources Status (2)
      Water Resources Conditions:
      Floods and droughts:
      • Increase the frequency & intensity of floods occurence
      • Increase of areas affected by floods and droughts
      • Increase of number of human casualty and people to be evacuated
      • Increase number of economic losses in private & public propty
      4) Impact of Climate Change (current impacts)
      • Increase of the number of occurence of extreem climate event
      • Rise of sea water level in some location
      • Decrease of certain fruits production, ie., coffee, manggo, etc
    • Watershed and River Condition
      Impact of Floods and Droughts
      Decrease of rice production due to floods (about374,000 ha/yrorequal to919,000 ton rice/yr) ordue to droughts (about350,000 ha/yror equal to700,000 ton rice/yr).
      Urban floods also caused significant economic lossess due decrease of productivity of service and industrial areas and traffic jams
    • Watershed and River Condition
      Impact of Climate Change
      Impact of the rise of sea water level due to global warming:
      • This will directly affect to socio-economic life of about 16 milion peoples in10.666 villages in coastal areas.
      • More productive areas in coastal area will flooded and this will be occured more frequently and in incrasing intensity.
      • Erotion and abration of of coastal areas will spread over.
      • Retreat of coastal line.
    • V. Water Resources Status (3)
      Water Demand, Water Use & WR Development:
      Water for DMI
      Water for food
      Flood management
      Fishery, tourism and recreation
      Climate Change Adaption
      Demand management
    • V. Water Resources Status (4)
      Water Resources Potential and Demands in 2020
      Unit: MCM
    • V. Water Resources Status (5)
      Plan to achieve MDGs in 2015
      Proportion of house hold having access to a safe and clean water in 2009 47.71% to be increased in 2015 68.87%
    • V. Water Resources Status (6)
      Water Demand, Water Use & WR Development:
      8) Climate Change Adaption
      Strategy adaptation to climate change:
      • To increase capacity of management of water resources infrastructures to support food security program
      • To develop disaster risk management for floods and landslides
      • To increase communities consciousness
    • V. Water Resources Status (7)
      Water Demand, Water Use & WR Development:
      Climate Change Adaption
      Short Term Adaption Programs (2008-2014):
      • Construction and management and rehabilitation large scale dam and reservoirs to avoid river discharge fluctuation.
      • Construction, management and rehabilitation of irrigation networks to secure food security for the nation.
      • Development of new technology for irrigation to support rice intensifitation program and to reduce water use for agriculture (for example, drip and spray irrigation system)
      • Preparing a data base on water balance on critical rivers to access future water avaibility considering the existence of climate change.
      • Construction and maintenance sea water protection facilities to prevent abrasion, and coastal erosion and also sea water intrusion.
      • Construction and maintenance of flood control management to protect cities and districts that are susceptible to floods and other water related disasters .
      • Carry out capacity building in disaster risk management by training and education.
      • Preparing early warning system to anticipate water related disasters
      • Preparing a data base to access level of susceptibility of a certain area to disasters related to the impact of climate change
      • Carry out water conservation campaign through the existing partnership movement, i.e., National Partnership Movement for Preservation of Water Resource
    • VI. Country Investment in WRDM 2000-2010
      Sources of funds for investment:
      • Sources of funds: more than 70% from government, the rest is from loans (World Bank, ADB, JBIC/JICA, IDB, etc) and grant
      B. Major water resources project:
      • Completed between 2000-2010
      • Presently on-going and in pipeline
      • New proposal (2010-2014)
      • Aggregated achievement of project completed in 2005-2009
      Annual expenditure
      • Water resources
      • Irrigation
      • Raw Water Supply
      • Flood control and management
      D. Return on Investment
      • 5.7million Ha technical irrigation systems and 1.6 million Ha village irrigation systems,
      • 2,200 MW of hydropower generation ( 6 % nation capacity),
      • Urban and Rural water supply systems of 100,000 l/sec,
      • Reclamation of 3.3 million ha of swampland,
      • More than 18,000 ha of fishponds,
      • 1.96 million ha of flood protected lowland & urban area,
      • More than 100 kilometers of coastal protection.
    • VII. Burning Issue, Hot Spots & Critical Challenges
      Most serius threats to water security:
      • Enabling environment; Institutional Frameworks; Management Ins.
      Critical hot spot areas related to water security
      • Java, Bali, and Nusa Tenggara
      Most serious demand for change of governance
      • Water resources
      • Irrigation
      • Water Supply
      • Flood control and management
      • Navigation
      • Hydro-power
    • VIII. The Way Forward
      National Policy on Water Resources Management
      • Important features of the National Policy for WRM
      • Comment and recomendation on the National Policy
      The National Roadmap for implementation of IWRM
      • Enabling environment
      • Institutional Framework
      • Management Instrument
    • Thank You