Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009

on

  • 2,021 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,021
Views on SlideShare
1,916
Embed Views
105

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0

2 Embeds 105

http://unjobs.org 104
http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009 Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Effect of Climate Change on Water Related Disaster Management Technical Discussion on “ Water Related Disaster Management” Yangon-Myanmar, 18 September 2009 Prof. Robertus W. Triweko, Ph.D. SC Member, INA WP & GWP SEA
  • Law No.7/2004 on Water Resources
    • Water resources conservation;
    • Water resources utilization;
    • Control of water related disaster;
    • Strengthening the role of the government, communities, and private sector in water resources management;
    • Improving information system in water resources.
  • Holistic approach in WRM Water resources conservation Control of water related disaster Water resources utilization
  • Climate Change, is it real?
    • Fourth Assessment Report by Working Group II on IPCC(2007):
    • Since 1850 – 1899 until 2001 – 2005, the average global temperature increased by 0.76 C,
    • Between 1961 and 2003, the average sea level has increased by 1.8 mm annually.
    • In the beginning of the twentieth century, the sea level rose by 17 cm.
    • Anthropogenic activities are major contributor to the increasing global temperature
  • Evidence of Natural Disaster in Indonesia
    • In the period of 2003-2005, Indonesia experienced at least 1,429 disasters, in which 53.3% related to hydro-meteorology (34% was flooding and 16% landslide ).
    • In 2007, flood was the first rank disaster in Indonesia with 152 cases, 75 cases of tornados, 56 cases of landslides and other disasters such as tidal waves .
    • During El Nino years (1994, 1997,2002, 2003, 2004 and 2006) shown that 8 reservoirs in Java have produced electricity b e low normal capacities.
    • El Nino 1997 has caused serious problems to coral reef ecosystems where 90-95% of coral reefs at the depth of 25m have experienced coral bleaching;
    • The availability of water is very dependent on the climate.
    Hafied Gany (2009)
  • Observable Facts of Climate Change
    • Increasing ambient temperature
    • Increasing rainfall intensity
    • Rising seawater level
    • Escalating extreme conditions, such as:
      • Extreme rainfall during dry seasons
      • Extreme flooding, both its frequency and intensity
      • Prolonged dry seasons, resulting in decreasing rainfall and river flow
      • Intensifying and increasing frequency of tropical cyclones
      • Rising waves and increasing coastal abrasion
  • Change of Mean Temperature in Indonesia DFID and World Bank, 2007
  • Change of Precipitation Pattern in Indonesia DFID and World Bank, 2007
  • Increasing Flood Events in Indonesia
  • Landslide Flood Drought Coastal Abrasion
  • CLIMATE CHANGE, PROCESSES, CHARACTERISTICS AND THREATS (UNEP 2005) Human activities Main climate characteristics Climate Major threats Change processes DGWR-MPW, RoI (2009)
  • MPW Policy
    • Implement safe, comfortable, productive, and sustainable national and regional spatial plans.
    • Improve the service quality of water resources infrastructure to ensure national food resilience and reduce susceptibility against floods, landslides and droughts.
    • Improve the service quality of urban and rural infrastructure to reduce susceptibility against potential floods/ inundation, water and sanitation crisis.
    • Improve the service quality of road infrastructure to fulfill the community’s socioeconomic needs for mobility and accessibility.
  • Mitigation Strategy
    • Carry out water management on peat moss areas to reduce the susceptibility against fire hazard;
    • Conserve swamp areas through stabilization of ground water level;
    • Support reforestation in critical river basins and upstream areas.
  • Adaptation Strategy
    • Improve yield capacity of river basins to support water preservation process·
    • Build, manage, and/or rehabilitate dams and water reservoirs to anticipate seasonal flow fluctuation
    • Build, manage, and/or rehabilitate irrigation network to retain national food resilience·
    • Develop new irrigation technology that supports agricultural intensification
    • Develop disaster risks management for floods and landslides
    • Build/maintain coastal structures to prevent coastal abrasion and seawater intrusion·
    • Build and/or maintain flood control infrastructure in cities with high disaster susceptibility·
    • Organize water saving campaign
  • Water, Infrastructure, and Environment Social & Economical Activities Infra- structure Water Environment Natural Resources Water Resources Management (+) Impacts(-)
  • Conclusions
    • Climate change has a direct impact to water related disaster. Solving water related disaster, however, is not merely for the sake of climate change.
    • Assessment to the effectiveness of the water resources infrastructure in solving water related disaster is needed.
    • Efforts in coping water related disaster should be integrated in water resources management that covers water resources conservation and water resources utilization.
  • Thank You
  • References
    • DFID and World Bank, Working Paper: Indonesia and Climate Change Current Status and Policies , March 2007
    • Hafied A. Gany, Overview Of Climate Changes And Water Related Problems In Indonesia , Seminar on Climate Change Adaptation in Water Resources Development and Management , Jakarta, 28 January 2009
    • Ministry of Public Works-Republic of Indonesia, National Action Plan For Climate Change Mitigation And Adaptation In Public Works Infrastructure , 2009
    • Sugiyanto, Water Resources Policy and Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change, Seminar on Climate Change Adaptation in Water Resources Development and Management , Jakarta, 28 January 2009