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Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009






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Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009 Climate Change Gwp Sea Myanmar 18 Sept 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • Effect of Climate Change on Water Related Disaster Management Technical Discussion on “ Water Related Disaster Management” Yangon-Myanmar, 18 September 2009 Prof. Robertus W. Triweko, Ph.D. SC Member, INA WP & GWP SEA
  • Law No.7/2004 on Water Resources
    • Water resources conservation;
    • Water resources utilization;
    • Control of water related disaster;
    • Strengthening the role of the government, communities, and private sector in water resources management;
    • Improving information system in water resources.
  • Holistic approach in WRM Water resources conservation Control of water related disaster Water resources utilization
  • Climate Change, is it real?
    • Fourth Assessment Report by Working Group II on IPCC(2007):
    • Since 1850 – 1899 until 2001 – 2005, the average global temperature increased by 0.76 C,
    • Between 1961 and 2003, the average sea level has increased by 1.8 mm annually.
    • In the beginning of the twentieth century, the sea level rose by 17 cm.
    • Anthropogenic activities are major contributor to the increasing global temperature
  • Evidence of Natural Disaster in Indonesia
    • In the period of 2003-2005, Indonesia experienced at least 1,429 disasters, in which 53.3% related to hydro-meteorology (34% was flooding and 16% landslide ).
    • In 2007, flood was the first rank disaster in Indonesia with 152 cases, 75 cases of tornados, 56 cases of landslides and other disasters such as tidal waves .
    • During El Nino years (1994, 1997,2002, 2003, 2004 and 2006) shown that 8 reservoirs in Java have produced electricity b e low normal capacities.
    • El Nino 1997 has caused serious problems to coral reef ecosystems where 90-95% of coral reefs at the depth of 25m have experienced coral bleaching;
    • The availability of water is very dependent on the climate.
    Hafied Gany (2009)
  • Observable Facts of Climate Change
    • Increasing ambient temperature
    • Increasing rainfall intensity
    • Rising seawater level
    • Escalating extreme conditions, such as:
      • Extreme rainfall during dry seasons
      • Extreme flooding, both its frequency and intensity
      • Prolonged dry seasons, resulting in decreasing rainfall and river flow
      • Intensifying and increasing frequency of tropical cyclones
      • Rising waves and increasing coastal abrasion
  • Change of Mean Temperature in Indonesia DFID and World Bank, 2007
  • Change of Precipitation Pattern in Indonesia DFID and World Bank, 2007
  • Increasing Flood Events in Indonesia
  • Landslide Flood Drought Coastal Abrasion
  • CLIMATE CHANGE, PROCESSES, CHARACTERISTICS AND THREATS (UNEP 2005) Human activities Main climate characteristics Climate Major threats Change processes DGWR-MPW, RoI (2009)
  • MPW Policy
    • Implement safe, comfortable, productive, and sustainable national and regional spatial plans.
    • Improve the service quality of water resources infrastructure to ensure national food resilience and reduce susceptibility against floods, landslides and droughts.
    • Improve the service quality of urban and rural infrastructure to reduce susceptibility against potential floods/ inundation, water and sanitation crisis.
    • Improve the service quality of road infrastructure to fulfill the community’s socioeconomic needs for mobility and accessibility.
  • Mitigation Strategy
    • Carry out water management on peat moss areas to reduce the susceptibility against fire hazard;
    • Conserve swamp areas through stabilization of ground water level;
    • Support reforestation in critical river basins and upstream areas.
  • Adaptation Strategy
    • Improve yield capacity of river basins to support water preservation process·
    • Build, manage, and/or rehabilitate dams and water reservoirs to anticipate seasonal flow fluctuation
    • Build, manage, and/or rehabilitate irrigation network to retain national food resilience·
    • Develop new irrigation technology that supports agricultural intensification
    • Develop disaster risks management for floods and landslides
    • Build/maintain coastal structures to prevent coastal abrasion and seawater intrusion·
    • Build and/or maintain flood control infrastructure in cities with high disaster susceptibility·
    • Organize water saving campaign
  • Water, Infrastructure, and Environment Social & Economical Activities Infra- structure Water Environment Natural Resources Water Resources Management (+) Impacts(-)
  • Conclusions
    • Climate change has a direct impact to water related disaster. Solving water related disaster, however, is not merely for the sake of climate change.
    • Assessment to the effectiveness of the water resources infrastructure in solving water related disaster is needed.
    • Efforts in coping water related disaster should be integrated in water resources management that covers water resources conservation and water resources utilization.
  • Thank You
  • References
    • DFID and World Bank, Working Paper: Indonesia and Climate Change Current Status and Policies , March 2007
    • Hafied A. Gany, Overview Of Climate Changes And Water Related Problems In Indonesia , Seminar on Climate Change Adaptation in Water Resources Development and Management , Jakarta, 28 January 2009
    • Ministry of Public Works-Republic of Indonesia, National Action Plan For Climate Change Mitigation And Adaptation In Public Works Infrastructure , 2009
    • Sugiyanto, Water Resources Policy and Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change, Seminar on Climate Change Adaptation in Water Resources Development and Management , Jakarta, 28 January 2009