Regional Newsletter 2/2007
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  • 1. November Global Water Partnership strengthens Calendar of Events inter-regional cooperation International Roundtable: Stakeholder Participation for the Integrated THE FIRST GWP INTER-REGIONAL CONSUL- adoption and implementation of IWRM prin- Management of Shared Water Resources TING PARTNERS MEETING WAS HELD ON OC- ciples lies at the heart of the mission of GWP March 22, 2008 TOBER 5-7, 2007 IN VARNA, BULGARIA. in Central Asia and the Caucasus, Central and Sofia, Bulgaria Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean”, says The meeting gathered GWP consulting part- Liviu Nicolae Popescu, GWP CEE Chair “and ners from Central Asia and the Caucasus (CA- consulting partners are the key to making GWP CEE Regional Council meeting CENA), Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and IWRM work on the national level”. April 4-5, 2008 the Mediterranean (MED) to discuss common During inter-regional breakout sessions, the Bratislava, Slovakia and priority water resource issues, with a spe- participants exchanged experiences on IWRM cial emphasis on the emerging framework of plans, public participation and transbounda- the European Neighbourhood Policy. It was or- ry rivers. The regional sessions then helped in Danube Day ganized in the context of the co-operation of positioning the partnerships for the next long- June 29, 2008 two significant blocs of countries - European term period and especially in the formulation Union members and their neighbors - that are of a new GWP Strategy for 2009-2013. Countries of the Danube River basin striving for the same goal of sustainable wa- As one outcome of the meeting, the recom- ter management. mendations will be used to support national More than 90 participants from over 30 coun- government efforts in applying the principles The International Water Association (IWA) tries took part in the meeting including re- of IWRM planning in practice. 11th International Specialised Conference gional council members, water partnerships, on Watershed and River Basin Conference observers from Croatia and Iran and several For more information, please visit September 4-5, 2008 partner organizations from all regions. “The www.gwpceeforum.org Budapest, Hungary CREDIT: BOGDAN MACAROLParticipants of the first Inter-regional Consulting Partners meeting
  • 2. ICPDR Wins International Thiess Riverprize for Excellencein Water Management of Danube River BasinTHE VIENNA-BASED INTERNATIONAL COMMIS- This included joint efforts to develop the first- “The ICPDR is a worldwide model for coopera-SION FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE DANUBE ever comprehensive report on the Danube en- tion in river basin management,” said Romani-RIVER BASIN (ICPDR) HAS WON THE AUSTRAL- vironment by 2004, and current efforts to pro- an State Secretary for Water, and ICPDR Presi-IAN INTERNATIONAL THIESS RIVERPRIZE 2007 duce the first Danube River Basin Management dent 2007 Lucia Ana Varga. “Through the forumFOR EXCELLENCE IN WATER MANAGEMENT IN Plan by 2009. created by the ICPDR, the Danube countries areTHE DANUBE RIVER BASIN. restoring some of the Danube’s lost treasures, Other signs of excellence in water management preventing future plans from causing more include the development of optimal technolo- damage and increasing international coopera- gies to collect and assess information. This in- tion. cludes a network of water monitoring and sam- pling stations, research ships testing pollution As recently as this February, they helped to get and a transboundary warning system for acci- the EU and environment ministers from all of dents. the 16 countries sharing the Danube and Black Sea region to adopt a new ‘Declaration on the ICPDR efforts raise awareness of and celebrate Enhancement of Cooperation’ for water man-The announcement was made on 4 September, the Danube through the coordination of ‘Dan- agement.”in Brisbane, Australia, during a special award ube Day’ (celebrated annually on 29 June), theceremony at the 10th annual International Riv- popular ‘Danube Watch’ magazine and the Launched in 1999, the International Thiess Riv-ersymposium held 3-6 September 2007. ‘Danube Box’ educational toolkit for teachers. erprize has evolved into one of the most highly regarded and richest international water man-The ICPDR’s main goal is to implement the ‘Dan- Public participation in ICPDR activities is as- agement awards.ube River Protection Convention’, signed by 13 sured through the provision of observer sta-Danube countries and the European Union (EU), tus to key major stakeholders at ICPDR forums, “The Riverprize identifies the world’s best prac-by promoting and coordinating sustainable and from industry to NGOs. Partnerships have been tices in water management, preservation andequitable water management. developed with businesses to support ICPDR restoration,” said Martin Albrecht, Chair of the projects while improving the environmental International Riverfoundation. “It also offersThe world-renowned Danube River is 2,780 km management of business operations. winners the unique opportunity to put their riv-long. The Danube Basin, including the Danube er rescue ideas into action to save our most im-River and its many tributaries, covers 801,463 sq And all countries recently committed to imple- portant waterways.”km. Home to some 81 million people, it includes menting the ICPDR’s action programme againstparts of 19 countries making it the world’s most the rising impacts from floods. For more information, please visit www.icpdr.org.international river basin – and a major chal- CREDIT: GERFRIED KOCHlenge for transboundary cooperation.“The 45-year long Soviet era left much of theDanube with terrible environmental legaciessuch as toxic waste and destructive farm-ing practices,” said ICPDR Executive Secre-tary Philip Weller. “That was preceded by overa century of river damming and channellingwith negative impacts for water quality andquantity, and for valuable habitats and threat-ened species.”In response, the ICPDR, since its establishmentin 1998, has catalyzed international coopera-tion for corrective action. Examples include thebuilding of sewage treatment plants for munic-ipal waste, changes to environmental policiesand the restoration of floodplain habitat.“Many Danube countries are not in the EU,” saidMr. Weller. “However, all agreed to cooperate tomeet strict EU water protection laws, showingtheir commitment to applying integrated riverbasin management.” Jasmine Bachmann, ICPDR Secretariat, Martin Albrecht, International Riverfoundation, Gyula Hollo, Head of the Hungarian Del- egation to the ICPDR 2
  • 3. Sava Commission meets to strengthentransboundary cooperation CREDIT: SECRETARIAT OF THE SAVA COMMISSION First Meeting of the Parties to the Framework Agreement on the Sava River BasinTHE FIRST MEETING OF THE RIVER BASIN COM- and prevent flood risks, icing, droughts and ac- 2009, will show that the Framework Agreement isMISSION WAS HELD IN ZAGREB, CROATIA IN cidental water pollution. playing an indisputable role in transboundary co-JUNE 2007. operation among the parties.” At the meeting, hosted by the Government of the For more information, please visit Republic of Croatia, the parties adopted the report www.savacommission.org of the Sava Commision since 2004 and the Dec- laration of the First Meeting of the Parties. “The Aleksander Cicerov, Deputy Member of the first meeting of the Sava Commission was a suc- International Sava River Basin Commission cess”, stated Aleksander Cicerov, Deputy Member e-mail: aleksander.cicerov@gov.siAfter the disintegration of Yugoslavia at the be- of the International Sava River Basin Commission. International Sava River Basin Commissionginning of the 1990s, the Sava – once the long- He went on to say, “The next meeting, expected for e-mail: isrbc@savacommission.orgest national river - became an international riv-er running through Slovenia, Croatia, Bosniaand Herzegovina, and Serbia. It flows eastwardsfor 946 km, before it meets the Danube.The need for the regulation and sharing ofwater resources in the Sava basin has beenrecognized and acknowledged by the inter-national community and organizations. As aresult, the Sava Initiative was launched in theBosnian capital, Sarajevo in November 2001.The Framework Agreement on the Sava RiverBasin was signed in Kranjska Gora, Sloveniain December 2002 and entered into force twoyears later.Among other goals, the Framework Agreementseeks to establish an international navigationregime on the Sava and its tributaries, intro-duce sustainable water management practices 3
  • 4. Focus on flash floods CREDIT: MILAN MATUSKA/GWP CEE flash floods Workshop participants adopted recommendations for reducing the devastating impact of flash floods which were addressed to decision makers in the national administrations, researchers and operational managers in the National Meteorological and Hydrological Serv- ices, mayors and local decision makers. The recommendations, which are based on ex- perience gained during pilot projects in the CEE region, point out the high loss of human life from flash floods across Europe, and the likeliness of climate change resulting in an in- crease in intense short-duration precipitation in most of Europe and human alterations to the landscape that further increase the risk of flash floods. Flash flood preparedness planning was deliv- ered through the contributions of experts from countries with advanced stages in this field, namely Japan, France and Switzerland.The floods workshop was held in Krakow city hall More than 40 participants from over 12 coun-THE REGIONAL WORKSHOP ENTITLED COM- Discussion was held on the opportunities and tries took part at the workshop. “We shouldMUNITY PREPAREDNESS AND PUBLIC PARTIC- challenges in up-scaling good practices to the propagate the results of our pilot projects”,IPATION FOR FLASH FLOOD MANAGEMENT IN national level, the options and requirements for says Milan Matuska, Regional CoordinatorEUROPE WAS HELD ON OCTOBER 29-30 IN KRA- promoting community preparedness for flash of the GWP CEE Regional Water Partnership,KOW, POLAND. floods, possible next steps in existing national “and make them attractive to the potential and international frameworks including nation- users - municipalities located in flash flood-The workshop was held under the auspices al government uptake and possibilities within prone areas”.of the Mayor of Krakow and organized by the framework of the EU and other bi-lateralthe World Meteorological Organization, Glo- and multilateral collaboration. A new flash flood bookbal Water Partnership Central and Eastern As one outcome of the workshop, WMO willEurope, the Institute of Meteorology and Recommendations for reducing the impact of publish a book entitled ‘Working towards FlashWater Management and GWP Poland. Theevent is a part of the long term coopera- CREDIT: MILAN MATUSKA/GWP CEEtion between the WMO and GWP CEE in theframework of the Associated Programme onFlood Management.Flash floods are the fastest moving types offloods, triggered by heavy rain and usually giv-ing little warning time to local people. Flashfloods occur in Central and Eastern Europe inareas with steep slopes, climate variability andlow soil permeability.The workshop facilitated dialogue between hy-drological and meteorological forecasters andcivil defence authorities involved in flash floodemergency response and provided access togood practices and lessons learnt in provid-ing flash flood warnings to local communities.The participants presented their experiencesgained from a historical assessment of flashfloods in 8 CEE countries, followed by the mainfindings of 3 pilot projects from Poland, Slova-kia and Romania. Flood prone area in Klodzko valley, Poland 4
  • 5. Flood Management Strategy Preparation’. The national administrations, researchers and op- and GWP”, says Avinash Tyagi, Head of De-book will include experiences from pilot flash erational managers in the National Meteoro- partment of Hydrology and Water Resourcesflood projects and practical recommendations logical and Hydrological Services, mayors and of the WMO.for reducing the devastating impact of flash local decision makers. “The book is an excellentfloods. The book will target decision makers in example of cooperation between the WMO For more information, please visit www.apfm.info Moldova Joins GWP CEE CREDIT: RICHARD MULLER/GWP CEE THE MEETING TO ESTABLISH GWP MOLDOVA WAS HELD IN CHISINAU IN MARCH 2007. Following a formal request by the Government of the Republic of Moldo- va to assist in IWRM planning, GWP organized a stakeholder meeting in late 2006 in the capital city of Chisinau, which later laid the foundations of GWP Moldova. The Regional Center for Strategic Environmental Studies ECOS initiated the meeting in March 2007 and has been entrusted by local consulting partners to host GWP Moldova. “The Center for Strategic Environmental Studies is proud to provide a neutral platform for IWRM dialogue”, says Tatiana Belous, Center President, “and to work with consulting partners towards more sustainable water resource development, management and use in the country”. GWP Moldova founding members include the Ministry of Ecology and Raut river near Butuceni, Moldova Natural Resources, the State Management Concern Apele Moldovei and from various institutions in Moldova, including the Ministry of Ecol- the Acvaproject Institute, institutes of the Academy of Sciences, the Mu- ogy and Natural Resources, to the GWP CEE Regional Secretariat. In nicipality of Chisinau, the National Commission for UNESCO and other addition to working on accreditation as a full fledged water partner- state agencies and non-governmental organizations. ship, GWP Moldova organized a series of successful IWRM national dialogues in July 2007. As one outcome of the meeting, the Center for Strategic Environ- mental Studies submitted 11 applications for consulting partners For more information, please visit www.gwpceeforum.org CREDIT: RICHARD MULLER/GWP CEE Moldova is rich in cultural and natural heritage 5
  • 6. GWP CEE launches a new book on sustainable sanitation A proper time for sustainable sani- CREDIT: BOGDAN MACAROL tation The book developed by CEE experts in coop- eration with Swedish and German cutting edge sustainable sanitation experts, provides a comprehensive overview of the status of sanitation in CEE countries. It offers a set of case studies illustrating different workable solutions from Hungary, Ukraine and Slov- enia, as well as from Germany and Sweden. Also, it gives an overview of legislation on sustainable sanitation in the European Un- ion and some Central and Eastern European countries. “The book recognizes that sanitation is the foundation of human health, dignity and de- velopment“, says Roberto Lenton, Chair of the GWP Technical Expert Committee, “and it calls attention to a serious challenge - how to rad-Constructed wetland in Gradisce, Slovenia ically increase access to basic sanitation inTHE BOOK IS ENTITLED SUSTAINABLE SANITA- water legislation is on agglomerations over 2000 ways that reflect the principles of econom-TION IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: AD- people while smaller, and usually the poorest ic efficiency, social equity and environmentalDRESSING THE NEEDS OF SMALL AND MEDIUM- communities, have not been addressed because sustainability - the 3 E’s - on which the In-SIZE SETTLEMENTS. of the effort to deal with larger sources of pollu- tegrated Water Resources Management ap- tion first. Therefore, the book is focused on small proach is built.” settlements where sustainable sanitation can bring low cost, sustainable and effective solu- The book targets decision makers in the na- tions in dealing with waste water. tional administrations, mayors and local deci- sion makers. “It is also well timed to contrib- Currently, 30% to 80% of the population is con- ute to the International Year of Sanitation 2008, nected to waste water treatment plants depend- when we will have a unique opportunity to raise ing on the country. Future plans show that coun- awareness and galvanize political will, especial- tries are going to increase the connection to ly on the national level”, says Lenton. waste water treatment plants up to 75 to 90%. This leaves a gap of 10-25% of the population, To download the book, please visit living without proper waste water treatment. www.gwpceeforum.org. CREDIT: MILAN MATUSKA/GWP CEEAddressing the needs of ruralsettlementsCentral and Eastern Europe (CEE) accounts for ap-proximately 16% of the territory of Europe andprovides home for about 20% of the population.In spite of its similar past, CEE countries have dif-ferent natural, social and economic conditions, aswell different approaches to water management.In comparison to the rest of Europe, approxi-mately 20 million people are living in rural set-tlements of less than 2000 inhabitants. Howev-er, the primary focus of European Union waste Constructed wetland in Gradisce, Slovenia 6
  • 7. GWP Chair received Grand Prize for Water CREDIT: KURT PETTERSSON MARGARET CATLEY-CARLSON, THE CHAIR OF “Where we look to air emissions for climate THE GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP (GWP), RE- change mitigation,” Mrs Catley-Carlson em- CEIVED THE ‘GRAND PRIZE’ FOR WATER AT THE phasized, “we will be looking to water resource LEADING LIGHTS OF WATER AWARDS CERE- management for adaptation. And, with in- MONY HELD ON WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE creased scarcity in many regions, the particu- 28, 2007 AT THE 9TH WATER SYMPOSIUM IN lar need for an integrated approach becomes CANNES, FRANCE. more and more acute.” In accepting the award, Mrs Catley-Carlson The GWP is a worldwide network created in said, “I am really accepting this award on be- 1996 to support countries in the sustainable half of the world-wide network of GWP part- management of their water resources. Though ners who are working to change the way the GWP recognizes that better water manage- world appreciates and values water.” ment requires political change, GWP believes this is a collective responsibility and promotes The ‘Grand Prize’ is one of nine trophies award- partnership as a means to achieve broad own- ed for the Leading Lights of Water, world per- ership of ideas and solutions. sonalities who have accomplished a major work in this field. Each trophy is a unique piece For more information, please contact James of art, sculpted from a mixture of bronze and Lenahan, Head of Communications, GWP Secre- blue resin by the artist P. Schumacher. tariat, e-mail: James.Lenahan@gwpforum.orgSlovenia bathing waters improveSLOVENIA’S RIVERS, LAKES AND ADRIATIC SEA ards because of diffuse pollution sources causing the crucial measures in assuring complianceCOAST OFFER VARIOUS OPPORTUNITIES FOR microbiological and other contamination. with bathing water quality standards. In addi-WATER-RELATED SPORTS, INCLUDING WHITE- tion, the special requirements are needed in theWATER RAFTING AND KAYAKING. In 2006, all Slovenian coastal bathing waters sections of the surface water located upstream achieved compliance with bacterial quality of the bathing areas. “In the future, more analy- CREDIT: MATEJA POJE standards for the first time. The compliance of sis is needed to assess the actual impact of the fresh water bathing areas showed a significant industrial point sources”, says Mateja Poje, En- improvement in 2006 with only three out of vironmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, eighteen locations that failed regarding bacte- “as well as the impact of the diffuse sources of rial quality. As a result, the Ministry of the Envi- the pollution, especially those originating from ronment and the Spatial Planning started a de- agriculture”. tailed analysis in non-complying bathing areas. For more information, please contact Mateja The results of the analysis show that appropri- Poje, Environmental Agency of the Republic of ate treatment of urban waste water is one of Slovenia, e-amil: mateja.poje@gov.siBathing waters in Slovenia CREDIT: MATEJA POJEBathing Water Directive 76/160/EEC, trans-posed into Slovenian legislation in 2004, regu-lates bathing water in the European Union. Ac-cording to the directive, Slovenia has defined37 bathing waters. During the bathing season,water quality is checked at least two times permonth for total and faecal coli-forms, transpar-ency, color, mineral oil, detergents and phenols.Chemical and bacteriological analyses are car-ried out in laboratories accredited under Slov-ene Accreditation Service quality systems.Across the European Union, Urban Waste Wa-ter Treatment Directive 91/271/EEC has showngood results in improving surface water qualityincluding bathing water. However, in some cases,the construction of waste water treatment plantsand sewage networks has not resulted in 100 %compliance with bathing water quality stand- Bathing area Cezsoca, Slovenia 7
  • 8. Policy Brief on Intelligent Water Strategies for Adapting to Climate Change nership (GWP) suggests that the best approach gagement of communities and sectors impact- to manage the impact of climate change on wa- ed upon by water into its management, both to ter is one guided by the philosophy and meth- seek and promote ‘win-win’ solutions but also odology of Integrated Water Resources Man- to ensure that a better understanding of wa- agement (IWRM). And it suggests that water ter constraints and challenges is developed and will have to be placed at the centre of adapta- diffused into the society. tion efforts. “The ‘IWRM’ approach,” adds Muller, “involves “Better water management will be essential if both ‘hard’ infrastructural and ‘soft’ institu- communities are to adapt successfully to climate tional strategies.” It is through the use of soft change,” says primary author Mike Muller, former tools that complement infrastructure and Director-General, Department of Water Affairs help ensure that infrastructural investments and Forestry, South Africa and Global Water Part- work that offers countries the best chance nership Technical Committee member. of coping successfully with climate variabil- ity and change. “The systematic approach of- The IWRM methodology seeks to identify, and fered by IWRM,” Muller concludes, “has al-“IF ENERGY IS THE FOCUS FOR MITIGATION, then to achieve tradeoffs between different wa- ready proved to be a useful first step. But if itADAPTATION MUST FOCUS ON WATER” ter management objectives including environ- is to make a difference, more work and more mental sustainability, economic efficiency and resources are needed.”A Policy Brief, Climate Change Adaptation and social equity.Integrated Water Resources Management, re- For more information, please visitleased in September by the Global Water Part- This approach encourages the structured en- www.gwpforum.org New Chair for the Global Water Partnership CREDIT: SIMONE D. MCCOURTIE/WORLD BANK LETITIA A. OBENG IS THE NEW CHAIR OF THE and the Caribbean; and Director, Office of the GLOBAL WATER PARTNERSHIP (GWP) IT WAS President, The World Bank. ANNOUNCED ON AUGUST 14, 2007. In accepting the position as Chair of the Ms Obeng, a Ghanaian holding a Ph.D. de- GWP, Letitia Obeng said, “The work of the gree in public health and water resources Partnership in supporting the development engineering from Imperial College, Univer- of sustainable water resource management sity of London, has extensive experience in is vital and much needed. I am truly hon- water and sanitation strategy development ored to contribute in this way and look for- and service delivery across the African con- ward to working with the members of the tinent. GWP family.” Dr. Obeng has held increasingly responsi- Dr. Obeng will assume her duties as Chair of ble positions since joining the Bank in 1982, the GWP at the end of 2007. most recently as Director for Environment, Water Resources, Rural and Social Develop- For more information, please contact ment in the Middle East and North Africa Re- James Lenahan, Head of Communications, gion; Strategy and Operations Director in the GWP Secretariat, e-mail: James.Lenahan@ Office of the Vice President for Latin America gwpforum.org Volume 7, Issue No. 2/2007, November 2007 Water Talk is the official newsletter of Global Water Partnership Central and Easter Europe (GWP CEE) published twice a year. Water Talk assists GWP CEE to promote principles of Integrated Water Resourc- es Management (IWRM) in the region of Central and Eastern Europe. The views and opinions expressed in Water Talk do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of GWP CEE. Publisher: GWP CEE - Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Europe, gwpcee@shmu.sk, Editor: Richard Müller, Language Proofreading: Euro VKM, Ltd, Layout and Printing: TYPOCON, Ltd. Registration No: 3244/2004 ISSN: 1336-5525 GWP CEE – Global Water Partnership Central and Eastern Europe, c/o Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Jeseniova 17, 833 15 Bratislava, Slovakia, phone: +421 2 5941 5294, fax: +421 2 5941 5273, e-mail: gwpcee@shmu.sk, http://www.gwpceeforum.org8