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Demonstration Projects of the Intergrated Drought Management Programme by Richard Muller
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Demonstration Projects of the Intergrated Drought Management Programme by Richard Muller

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  • 1. GWP Consulting Partners Meeting Ecosystems and Water Security Integrated Drought Management Programme Demo Projects Richard Muller, GWP Central and Eastern Europe Port of Spain, Trinidad, 27 June 2014
  • 2. Integrated Drought Management Programme in Central and Eastern Europe “In terms of water resources management and climate change adaptation, countries in Central and Eastern Europe are sensitive to variability and changing precipitation patterns...increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events – increase of droughts.” (IPCC) Need for regional and national drought policies & plans from reactive to proactive approach integrated approach
  • 3. Regional Cooperation National Planning Demonstration Projects Capacity Development Knowledge & Awareness Partnership & Sustainability Increase the capacity of the region to adapt to climatic variability by enhancing resilience to drought
  • 4. Partners National Scientific Center for Global Changes (BG) Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation (CZ) 10 Country Water Partnerships & 40 Partner Organizations University of Debrecen (HUN) Vilnius University (LT) Institute of Ecology and Geography (MD) Institute of Agricultural and Forest Environment (PL) Institute of Meteorology and Water Management (PL) National Meteorological Administration (ROM) Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute (SK) Slovenian Forestry Institute Biotechnical Faculty (SLO) Limnos Ltd. (SLO) Ukrainian Research Institute of Forest and Forest Melioration (UA)
  • 5. Testing innovative solutions Innovations that address critical water security challenges to enhance drought resilience of countries and communities Collecting and analyzing data through demonstration projects contributes to knowledge sharing and capacity development Different aspects of drought management and involvement of different sectors Results feed into Good Practice Compendium, Drought Management Guidelines, GWP ToolBox
  • 6. Mitigation measure – buffer extreme variability in water quantity (release/use of water during dry periods) Improves water retention potential of the landscape Examples: small dikes and polders, restoration of wetlands, changes in forest and agricultural practices Guidelines: combine drought mitigation, flood protection and biodiversity conservation Natural small water retention measures Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia Limnos; 2013 Limnos; 2013 Revitalization of the river stream Retention of the agricultural runoff
  • 7. Supported by European Commission, DG ENV Green Infrastructure Communication Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources Natural Water Retention Measures Initiative www.nwrm.eu Integrating ecosystem services into Water Framework Directive Natural small water retention measures
  • 8. Tests methods for improving water infiltration into soil profile Field experiments with mixture of different „techniques“: sub-soiling, with and without tillage, composting tillage, organic fertilizers applications, to improve soil structure Practical examples of soil water holding capacity regulations + how to include proposals into Drought Management Plans or already existing agro- environmental plans Slovakia, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Poland Increasing soil water holding capacity ory rain simulator; CZ Mihelic; Sloenia
  • 9. Increasing soil water holding capacity
  • 10. Bulgaria, Ukraine, Slovenia, Lithuania Drought impact on forest ecosystems Four countries with forest area 35% of total forest in the region Forests have significant impact on water regime Analysis of forest ecosystems – vulnerability zones of the forest vegetation for the present climate (61- 90) and for the year 2050 and 2100 (different scenarios: realistic, optimistic, pessimistic) Measures for adaptation for different zones (high level of vulnerability, low level)
  • 11. http://www.gwp.org/en/GWP-CEE/IDMPCEE/