Sustainable Sanitation in Central and Eastern Europe by Richard Muller


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Sustainable Sanitation in Central and Eastern Europe by Richard Muller

  1. 1. GWP Consulting Partners Meeting Urbanization – Preparing the cities of tomorrow Sustainable Sanitation in Central and Eastern Europe Richard Muller, GWP Central and Eastern Europe Port of Spain, Trinidad, 28 June 2014
  2. 2. GWP Central and Eastern Europe Population of 152 million Area of over 2.03 million km2 12 countries in Baltic and Danube
  3. 3. Sanitation in Central and Eastern Europe Lack of sanitation in small settlements • 30% of population lives in settlements with less than 2000 inhabitants (= 42 million people) • 9% of these are so far connected to waste water plants • Pollution of surface and groundwater → drinking water → water related diseases • Lack of awareness, knowledge and application of proper management and operational practices According to EU Urban Wastewater Directive, WWTP for settlements < 2000 PE are not obligatory • BUT countries are obliged to meet the goals of Water Framework Directive – to achieve good status of waters
  4. 4. Challenges Capacity and institutional setting Different legislation framework Construction and proper operation
  5. 5. Sustainable Sanitation Task Force 2007 • Book: Sustainable sanitation in small and medium settlements 2011 • Questionnaire: Actual status on natural wastewater treatment 2014 • Guidebook: Natural ways of wastewater treatment
  6. 6. Results of the questionnaire study Septic tanks Activated sludge systems Nature based waste water treatment
  7. 7. Activities in 2013 - 2014 Guidebook: Natural ways of wastewater treatment • Published in Czech and English language • Peer reviewed by 2 experts in natural and extensive treatment technologies • Available on CDs International workshop in Ljubljana (4-5 April 2014) • In cooperation with sustainable sanitation and water management (SSWM) Toolbox, GWP IUWM and GWP ToolBox • Preparation of the regional project proposal
  8. 8. Activities in 2013 - 2014 Cooperation with Women in Europe for a Common Future • Policy paper on small scale water supply and sanitation in the pan European region (WHO/UNECE publication) • Target groups: decision makers on regional, national and local level; policy arena • Goal: to highlight the need for explicit programmes and policies to improve small scale water supply and sanitation • Chapters: Legislation; Organizational framework and partnership; Financial aspects; Standards; Networking; Education and qualifications; Awareness rising; Access to information and public participation; Water Safety Plan, Resource protection; Sanitation zoning; Surveillance; Reuse; Household treatment • Publication by end of 2014
  9. 9. Activities in 2013 - 2014 Preparation of project proposal • Project title: Awareness rising and capacity building on sustainable water supply and sanitation solutions for small settlements • Based on the outcomes of questionnaire study on small scale wastewater treatment • Work plan of Sustainable Sanitation Task Force • Submitted to GWPO, 3 years, budget 700,000 € • Drinking water – wastewater closed cycle (circular economy) • Green infrastructure and testing ecosystem services provided by nature-based systems
  10. 10. Project proposal Overcoming institutional and legislation barriers and wider application of nature based waste water plants Water supply and sanitation addressed in integrated way → water security Gdańsk University of Technology, Limnos, University of Ljubljana, Women in Europe for a Common Future and Women in Sustainable Development of Moldova
  11. 11. Project proposal – work packages WP1: Increasing awareness and knowledge • Activity 1.1: Training of trainers on sustainable SSWSS policy and planning • Activity 1.2: National workshops on sustainable SSWSS • Activity 1.3: Translation of the Guidebook: Natural ways of wastewater treatment into selected languages WP2: Overcoming institutional and legal barriers • Activity 2.1: Regional workshop on sustainable SSWSS
  12. 12. Project proposal – work packages WP3: Demonstration Projects • Activity 3.1: Design and construction of two small plants • Activity 3.2: Design and implementation of WSP development • Activity 3.3: Promotion and follow up of the pilot plants WP4: Dissemination • Activity 4.1: Preparation and promotion of the awareness rising brochure in all CEE languages • Activity 4.2: Website and social media • Activity 4.3: Dissemination of project activities and results • WP5: Project management and governance • Activity 5.1: Project management
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