Global Water PartnershipCentral and Eastern Europe A water secure world - the mission of the Global Water Partnership is to support the sustainable development and management of water resources at all levels.
Global Water Partnership Central andEastern EuropeOnly 3% of water on Earth is fresh water. purposes. Ecosystems depending on waterOf all the freshwater, only about 0.3 percent form the backbone of the region’s biodiversityis contained in rivers and lakes. The rest is including lakes, river basins, wetlands, coastallocked up in glaciers and icecaps and stored areas and groundwater. Throughout the below your feet as region, many water ecosystems have suffered ground water. from degradation or are threatened by pollution, overuse of surface and groundwater Water situation and habitat loss. The region of Central and Eastern Europe Countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), covered have a long history of water management by Global Water and water related legislation dating back to Partnership (GWP) the end of the 18th century. The traditional has a population of fragmented or so-called sector approach has 152 million people, its limitations in the sense that it does not a quarter of all support mutual cooperation, communication Europeans. It has a and common solutions with stakeholders and total area of over 2.03 the participation of the public. In addition to million km2 and is purely technical solutions for the protection mostly located in the and use of water resources, authorities Baltic Sea and the should apply modern management principles Black Sea basins. including landscape planning, communication and conﬂict resolution. This integratedRivers in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland approach can only be implemented throughand Ukraine discharge their ﬂows to the Baltic consultation and the exchange of experiencesSea. Bulgaria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and expertise of all involved parties.Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia andUkraine are located in the Danube, Dniester GWP CEE Strategy 2009-2013and Dnieper River basins which ﬂow into the The application of integrated approachesBlack Sea. to water resources management remains a key challenge and a key rationale for theWater resources in the CEE region are 12 Country Water Partnerships formingimportant for the development of its the Regional Water Partnership. GWP CEEcountries, providing water for consumption, Strategy 2009-2013 was developed as a toolsanitation, irrigation, industrial use, for facilitating implementation of integratednavigation, ﬁshing, recreation, and other water resources management (IWRM)
principles in the context of European water to information and access to justice. GWPpolices. It has four strategic goals covering CEE established Public Participation Taskmulti-sectoral dialogues, public participation, Force covering Eastern Baltic and the Danubesustainable sanitation, ﬂoods and droughts, River basin in 2004. The Task Force organizedcommunication and network governance. international Danube Day celebrations atIt also involves inter-regional cooperation Water and Sustainable Development Expowith the GWP Central Asia and Caucasus in Zaragoza in 2008, co-organized Danuberegion via UN Economic Commission for Stakeholder Forum in 2009 and coordinatedEurope. The strategy is regularly updated with regional input to European Union Strategy foremerging issues such as climate adaptation. the Danube Region in 2010. GWP CEE has an observer status to two major internationalStrategic Goal 1: National Dialogues commissions in the region – InternationalThere is active involvement of the Country Commission for the Protection of the DanubeWater Partnerships to support the national River and the Helsinki Commission.polices by convening IWRM dialogues since2000. National and regional dialogues are Strategic Goal 2: Sustainable Sanitationsynthesized into regional reports. Regional The issue cuts across sectors of water,water vision up to 2025 was a result of ﬁrst environment and rural development,dialogues “From Vision to Action” presented addressing the demands of the poor andat the Hague World Water Forum in 2000. populations in small settlements. It seeksNext dialogues took up several cross sectoral alternative and decentralized solution toissues such as gender, governance, food sanitation services in IWRM context forsecurity, urban planning, environmental rural population, constituting 20–40% ofprotection and ﬁnancial ﬂows. A series of the total population in CEE countries. AIWRM National Policy Dialogues in 2006- group of experts prepared a regional book,2007 resulted in common declarations with Sustainable Sanitation in Central and Easterngovernments, changes in legislation and Europe: Addressing the Needs of Small andcloser cooperation with major stakeholders. Medium-Size Settlements translated into 12In Romania, for example, a Common CEE languages. The study has revealed thatDeclaration considers IWRM as overarching 20 million of Europeans, especially in newaim to which European Union water related member states, are lacking access to sanitationdirectives contribute and create synergic services. In order to place sustainableeffects. Three years after the dialogues, GWP sanitation high on international agenda,Ukraine succeeded in embedding IWRM in GWP CEE has advocated for sustainableNational Environmental Strategy. sanitation at various forums and frameworks, including World Water Week and UNECE.Strategic Goal 1: Public Participation Water Partnership also actively contributesPublic participation has emerged in Central to drafting Equitable Access to Water andand European countries’ culture over the Sanitation book that will be presented bylast twenty years. In addition to public UNECE, WHO and the French governmentparticipation Aarhus Convention (1998) at the Sixth World Water Forum in Marseilleprovides a legal framework regarding access in 2012.
Strategic Goal 2: Floods and DroughtsThematic issues of climate changeadaptation include cooperation with WorldMeteorological Organization (WMO) onﬂoods and droughts. In frame of WMO/GWP Programme on Floods Management,Guidance on Flash Flood Management-Recent Experiences from Central and EasternEurope, was published in 2007. GWP CEEparticipated in development of a new WMOIntegrated Drought Management Programmein 2010.Strategic Goal 3: Communicationand ToolBoxCommunication, including experiencesharing and capacity building is done throughpublications and extended web-based activitiesincluding GWP ToolBox. The ToolBox is a freeand open database with a library of case studiesand references to support broad audiences inimplementing IWRM principles. Since 2008,for example, Corvinus University in Budapesthas been using ToolBox as a part of itsinternational ERASMUS programme. In 2010,GWP CEE enhanced GWP ToolBox with toolsdealing with transboundary cooperation. Visitthe ToolBox here: www.gwptoolbox.org.Strategic Goal 4: Network gover-nance and fundraisingIn order to secure ﬁnancial sustainabilityfundraising activities will target programs of UNorganizations, European Union, internationalriver basin commissions, national OfﬁcialDevelopment Assistance and a private sector.GovernanceConsulting PartnersGWP membership is open to allorganizations involved in water and water
resource management. Currently the GWPCEE network has more than 140 memberorganizations called “Consulting Partners”in 12 countries of Central and EasternEurope.Country Water PartnershipsCountry Water Partnerships are up andrunning in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, coordinated development and managementEstonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, of water, land, and related resources byPoland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and maximising economic and social welfareUkraine. They serve as information centers without compromising the sustainability ofand actively support the development of ecosystems and the environment.national policies by convening IWRM multi-stakeholder dialogues. The network is open to all organisations involved in water resources management:Regional Council developed and developing countryThe Council, headed by its Chair and government institutions, agencies ofrepresenting the 12 Country Water the United Nations, bi- and multi-Partnerships, is the highest decision making lateral development banks, professionalbody of GWP CEE. associations, research institutions, non- governmental organisations, and the privateSecretariat sector.A small Secretariat is responsible for thecoordination and implementation of GWP’s international network comprisesregional workplan 2009-2013 and projects 13 Regional Water Partnerships, over 74in close cooperation with the Council. The Country Water Partnerships, and more thanSecretariat is now based in Bratislava and is 2,350 Partners located in 154 countries. Thehosted by the Slovak Hydrometeorological secretariat is based in Stockholm, Sweden.Institute. The network is supported ﬁnancially by Canada, Denmark, the EuropeanGWP NetworkGWP CEE is a part of Global WaterPartnership network that was foundedin 1996 by the World Bank, the UnitedNations Development Programme(UNDP), and the Swedish InternationalDevelopment Agency (SIDA) to fosterthe implementation of integrated waterresources management (IWRM): the
Commission, Finland, France, Germany, Vision and Missionthe Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Spain, The Global Water Partnership’s vision is for aSwitzerland, the United Kingdom and the water secure world. Its mission is to supportUnited States. the sustainable development and managementMore information: www.gwp.org. of water resources at all levels.