Policy and Insititutional Arrangement for Disaster Management


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Presentation made at GWP-C's Disaster Mitigation Workshop held in Guyana in December 2009.

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Policy and Insititutional Arrangement for Disaster Management

  1. 1. Policy and Institutions for disasters management Training Course on Factoring Hydro-Climatic Disasters in IWRM
  2. 2. <ul><li>Understand the main and basic functions for disaster management </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce a process-thinking to disaster management </li></ul><ul><li>Examine ‘win-win’ partnership between disaster and water resources management </li></ul>Learning objectives
  3. 3. IMPLICATIONS OF THE ABSENCE OF A DISASTER MANAGEMENT POLICY <ul><li>Greater and extended hardship (especially to those who can ill afford it) </li></ul><ul><li>An increase in disaster impact and consequences; </li></ul><ul><li>Larger and avoidable financial strain and delay in economic recovery and urgently needed new developments; </li></ul><ul><li>Re-scheduling of disaster funds to address the consequences of a disaster’; </li></ul><ul><li>Hesitancy on the part of international and local investors to invest in a country and in areas that cannot deal effectively or limit avoidable disasters; </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidable loss of life, property and infrastructure; </li></ul><ul><li>Greater possibility of epidemics </li></ul>
  4. 4. Disaster Policy (ENABLING FRAMEWORK) <ul><li>Supports an integrated, multi-hazard, inclusive approach for assessment, prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop political commitment, laws and institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development and sharing of knowledge on hazards and risks </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Disaster Policy cont’d <ul><ul><li>Strengthen institutional capacity on a multi-thematic and multi-sectoral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Streamline sufficient and efficient funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance awareness of risk and risk reduction measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasize on mitigation and preparedness rather than relief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure community-level capacity for disaster risk reduction </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Question <ul><li>Who is responsible for disaster management in Guyana? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who is responsible ? <ul><li>Responsibility for disaster management- a summary of necessary functions </li></ul><ul><li>Overall institution to coordinate and direct operations </li></ul><ul><li>Harnesses the skills and resources across specific implementing institution </li></ul>
  8. 8. Disaster management institution <ul><li>Well-defined mandate (legal, political) and administrative mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate staffing and capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Strong, broad-based political and stakeholder support </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable funding disaster management operations </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-sectoral coordination </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Disaster assessment and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation plans and preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder participation and coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Relief and emergency management </li></ul>Disaster managment Functions
  10. 10. ESSENTIALS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTIONS <ul><li>Clarity of roles </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of the institution among stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-sectoral coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity to collect and use hazard information </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive (change) management </li></ul>
  11. 11. Disaster Management Framework
  12. 12. Water resources and disaster management <ul><li>In context of multi-sectoral, integrated approach for DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Support DRR within the responsibilities for water resources management </li></ul><ul><li>Water sector reform to encourage institutionalising partnerships between disaster and water resources </li></ul>
  13. 13. Water resources and disaster management Region level disaster Institutions FUNCTIONS Disaster management functions DECENTRALISED ORGANISATION CENTRAL COORDINATION River basin organisations and regional authorities Coordinating Institution Other ministries OUTPUT Status of disaster risk preparedness Assessment, emergency and relief, Water Environmental, land and infrastructure management functions
  14. 14. Institutional support for DRR at community level <ul><li>Possibility of time delay between emergence of disaster and official response </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the community to cope and respond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development and application of operational guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness and delivery of training materials on hazard risks and risk reduction </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Institutional support for DRR at community level <ul><ul><li>Deliver sufficient , efficient and accurate supporting information and/or updates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Development and application of disaster risk monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment of low-probability, high-impact risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparent, inclusive and accountable consultation </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Lessons learnt <ul><li>Governance structure to support a holistic framework for disaster reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster management responsibilities are spread over several institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Lead institution with mandate, and capacity to coordinate DRR </li></ul><ul><li>Policy and institutional formation should allow a shift from relief and emergency to prevention of disasters </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>Share experience on institutional creation for disaster management and coordination mechanism. </li></ul><ul><li>  Activity: </li></ul><ul><li>Work in three groups and discuss for 20 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Task one: Choose a prominent disaster phenomenon in your country. How does it manifest and who has the responsibility for its management. Which other governmental organisations need to coordinate with the responsible institution, and why? </li></ul><ul><li>Task two: Formulate water management responsibilities necessary to mitigate impacts of disaster type identified </li></ul><ul><li>Report back: 30 minutes </li></ul>