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Disaster Risk Reduction

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Presentation made at GWP-C's Disaster Mitigation Workshop held in Guyana in December 2009.

Presentation made at GWP-C's Disaster Mitigation Workshop held in Guyana in December 2009.

Published in: Economy & Finance, Technology

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Transcript

  • 1. Hydro-Climatic Disasters in Water Resources Management 30 Nov - 02 Dec 2009, Georgetown, Guyuna
  • 2.
    • Understand correlation between hazard, vulnerability and risks
    • Evaluate disaster risk reduction initiatives
    • Appreciate use of knowledge and information sharing to build safe and resilient communities
  • 3.
    • Hazards are part of natural environmental and normal life  
    • Disasters reflect the ways societies structure themselves and manage hazards
    • Vulnerability is the measure of effect of hazards upon the society
    • DRR - reducing the vulnerability to the effect of environmental hazards to a manageable and acceptable level by enhancing risk management initiatives
  • 4.
    • What section of the population is most affected by disasters?
    • Why?
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • Vulnerability - people's exposure to hazards and their susceptibility to hazard impacts
    • Capacity - Collective institutional action to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from hazard impacts
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • What are the important dynamics propagating disasters in Guyana?
  • 11.
    • Location and extent
    • Frequency and probability of occurrence
    • Intensity/severity
    • Duration of disaster
    • Predictability
    • Hazard environment
  • 12.
    • Successful disaster response plan require information and mobilisation
    • Challenges reaching people in different locations quickly and simultaneously
    • Right message, timely, sufficient and accurate
    • Maps a good medium for communicating hazards information to non-specialists
    • Formats and symbols should be kept familiar
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Suggest some measures to reduce mitigate water related disasters
  • 15.
    • Seen in light of multi-thematic and multi-sectoral approach in the DRR process
    • Sound background knowledge on hydro-climatic hazard, risk and vulnerability
    • Incorporate disaster risk management in WRM framework
  • 16.  
  • 17.
    • Hazards are normal part of environmental occurrences but disasters enhanced by poor planning
    • Poverty engenders vulnerability to disaster risks but disasters multiply poverty
    • DRR starts with risk identification and assessment of vulnerability to enhance decision making
    • Communication of disaster information should be timely, effective and where it is required