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Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
Samoa's Water Sector
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Samoa's Water Sector

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Presentation by Dr. Nigel Walmsley at the 5th High Level Session Ministerial Forum of the Global Water Partnership-Caribbean (GWP-C).

Presentation by Dr. Nigel Walmsley at the 5th High Level Session Ministerial Forum of the Global Water Partnership-Caribbean (GWP-C).

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  • 1. <ul><li>Sharing Experiences From The Pacific Region: </li></ul><ul><li>Samoa’s water sector </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Nigel Walmsley / HR Wallingford </li></ul><ul><li>High Level Forum, St Thomas </li></ul><ul><li>5th October 2009 </li></ul>Page
  • 2. <ul><li>Towards sustainable water resources development and management (EC & DFID) </li></ul><ul><li>GWP Framework for Action: Towards water security (2WWF, 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Putting principles into practice </li></ul><ul><li> => Samoa </li></ul>Background Page
  • 3. Samoa Page
  • 4. <ul><li>Fragmented control, management and protection of water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Competing and conflicting demands for water resources by users (both consumptive and non-consumptive users) </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient knowledge and understanding of water resources; </li></ul><ul><li>Social and environmental impacts of development proposals particularly abstractions are usually ignored </li></ul><ul><li>Declining water quality </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive demand on water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community understanding and appreciation of responsible water management </li></ul><ul><li>Limited community involvement in water resource management </li></ul>Challenges Page
  • 5. <ul><li>Access to safe water supply and basic sanitation is a critical factor in achieving improved public health </li></ul>Re-assessing priorities Page
  • 6. <ul><li>Access to safe water supply and basic sanitation is a critical factor in achieving improved public health </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable water management … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable water management and development extends well beyond public health alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It contributes to a much wider social, economic and environmental development agendas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water is linked to the achievement of most national development goals (and all the MDGs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>=> Sustainable water management as a national priority </li></ul>Re-assessing priorities Page
  • 7. Complex inter-linkages Page Community Participation Environment water conservation environmental health & Health hygiene practices environment protection community management environmental health & water resource protection demand for services / hygiene promotion water resource protection contribution to cost Natural Resource Other Infrastructure urban sanitation water catchment mgt. urban piped water supply urban drainage urban road drainage water resource mgt urban solid waste urban flood control rural water supplies building control rural sanitation power supply Water Supply & Sanitation Infrastructure
  • 8. Business as usual Page
  • 9. Business as usual Page Project Business as usual A project approach
  • 10. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project
  • 11. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project
  • 12. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project Project
  • 13. Page Project Project Project Project Project
  • 14. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project
  • 15. Business as usual A project approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project Project
  • 16. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page
  • 17. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project
  • 18. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project
  • 19. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project
  • 20. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project
  • 21. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project
  • 22. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project
  • 23. Is there a better way? A sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project Project
  • 24. Sector approach Page Project Project Project Project Project Project Project
  • 25. <ul><li>More than a just a set of projects </li></ul><ul><li>Based on a single, agreed vision for the future of the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts across the usual intra- and inter-sectoral boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Pools all resources to achieve a common plan of action </li></ul><ul><li>Requires input from all stakeholders to realise the vision </li></ul>Sector approach Page
  • 26. Once upon a time … Page
  • 27. … everyone went their own way. Page
  • 28. Some went this way… Page
  • 29. … and some went that way. Page
  • 30. Some travelled quickly … Page
  • 31. … but many travelled slowly. Page
  • 32. Everyone went … Page
  • 33. … to different places … Page
  • 34. … doing different things… Page
  • 35. … with different people… Page
  • 36. … for different reasons Page
  • 37. … and different priorities. Page
  • 38. Then, one day … Page
  • 39. … along came the “water sector” bus Page
  • 40. … everyone got on board... Page
  • 41. … and travelled together. Page
  • 42. It had one road-map … Page
  • 43. … everyone agreed the way… Page
  • 44. The road was less congested …. Page
  • 45. … and there were fewer collisions. Page
  • 46. All the fuel-stops …. Page
  • 47. … filled one tank …. Page
  • 48. … to drive one engine … Page
  • 49. … to turn all the wheels … Page
  • 50. … to deliver everyone… Page
  • 51. … to the agreed destination. Page
  • 52. So they all arrived together… Page
  • 53. … to see their joint vision… Page
  • 54. … of pristine catchments Page
  • 55. … clean rivers Page
  • 56. … safe drinking water Page
  • 57. … and healthy children Page
  • 58. … and they all lived … Page
  • 59. … happily ever after. Page
  • 60. The Water Sector Bus Page
  • 61. “ Water is everybody’s responsibility” Page
  • 62. “ Water is everybody’s responsibility” Page “ GET ON BOARD”
  • 63. <ul><li>Who got on board? </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Government ministries & departments </li></ul><ul><li>State-owned enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs and community leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Regional organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Donors </li></ul>Water for Life process Page
  • 64. <ul><li>Over the period 2005-2010 more than $125 million tala will be invested in the water sector </li></ul><ul><li>Sources include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry/Agency budgets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Service Obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ADB, and others </li></ul></ul>How much fuel? Page
  • 65. <ul><li>Government leadership of the process is essential to maintain co-ordination and integration </li></ul><ul><li>But many different actors have roles and responsibilities to fulfil </li></ul><ul><li>Approach based on integration and the core principles of sustainable water resource management and development </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation is one of the keys to success </li></ul>Who drove? Page
  • 66. Working together Page
  • 67. Water Sector Management & implementation Page Programme Management Support TA SERVICES MINISTRY OF FINANCE EPPD/Donor Co-ord/Budget/Etc. WS-PMU Programme Implementation Assistance TA SERVICES Water Sector Steering Committee (WSSC) Other Impl. Agency (IAs) Gov&NSA Implementing Agency (IA) MNRE WATER SECTOR GOALS & TARGETS S T A K E H O L D E R F O R U M Implementing Agency (IA) MOH D O N O R S Implementing Agency (IA) SWA Implementing Agency (IA) NGOs Implementing Agency (IA) MWSCD
  • 68. Planning Page
  • 69. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan NGO Action Plans MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Other … . … . Planning
  • 70. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Planning
  • 71. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice Planning
  • 72. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice Educ. … … . Planning
  • 73. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice Health … … . Educ. … … . Planning
  • 74. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Planning
  • 75. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . Planning
  • 76. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . Planning
  • 77. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan Planning
  • 78. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan Planning
  • 79. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan MOH … . … . Planning
  • 80. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Planning
  • 81. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan NGO Action Plans MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Other … . … . Planning
  • 82. Page <ul><li>Strategy for the Development of Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>National Development goals and priorities </li></ul>Enhancing people’s choice <ul><li>Water Sector Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Sector goals, strategies and actions </li></ul><ul><li>Linking water supply, sanitation, wastewater, water resource </li></ul><ul><li>management </li></ul>Health … … . Educ. … … . Other … … . Other … … . Other … … . MNRE Business Plan SWA Corporate Plan NGO Action Plans MOH … . … . MWSCD … . … . Other … . … . Planning
  • 83. Basic elements Page
  • 84. Basic elements Page Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination
  • 85. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination
  • 86. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Expenditure framework Develop & agree a medium- term expenditure framework Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination
  • 87. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Expenditure framework Develop & agree a medium- term expenditure framework Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination Performance monitoring Develop common performance monitoring and reporting systems
  • 88. Basic elements Page Policy and strategy Develop & agree a clear sector policy and strategy Expenditure framework Develop & agree a medium- term expenditure framework Co-ordination Establish a Government-led process of co-ordination Performance monitoring Develop common performance monitoring and reporting systems Institutional capacity Establish institutional capacity to manage & implement sector policy & strategy
  • 89. <ul><li>A clear sector policy and strategy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to know what government is aiming to achieve in the sector and how. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A medium term expenditure programme: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to clarify what is the expected level of internal and external resources and how these will be utilised </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A performance monitoring system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to measure progress towards the achievement of policy objectives and targeted results. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A strong institutional capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to plan, manage and implement the sector policy and action programme </li></ul></ul>Basic elements as good practice Page
  • 90. <ul><li>Develop skills and systems progressively to meet needs as an integrated approach grows and mature </li></ul><ul><li>Work with realistic timeframes, change is not easy, and be realistic with expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Marry top-down with bottom-up, requires policy/strategy initiatives but also need to demonstrate and learn </li></ul><ul><li>People make the difference, it requires champions and leaders, as well as involving people out of the ‘water’ box </li></ul><ul><li>Communication needs to be in the right language for the right people – the emerging role of ‘translators’ </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder engagement and communication are key to success – bring them in from the start </li></ul><ul><li>Information needs to be shared widely among all stakeholders, and freely available </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainty is integral in water management, use risk-based approaches to ensure no-regret solutions </li></ul>Lessons learned in the Pacific Page
  • 91. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Nigel Walmsley </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Page
  • 92. <ul><ul><li>GWP-C Learning Review is both retrospective and progressive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning review aims to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help GWP-C strengthen its programme and impact </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess whether it is doing its work efficiently and effectively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess its institutional health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where should GWP-C be focusing its efforts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What strategic alliances required? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where can GWP-C bring the most added-value? </li></ul></ul>GWP-C Learning review Page

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