Chapter 1 part_1_introduction_to_iwrm
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Chapter 1 part_1_introduction_to_iwrm






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    Chapter 1 part_1_introduction_to_iwrm Chapter 1 part_1_introduction_to_iwrm Presentation Transcript

    • Economic and Financial Instruments for IWRM Introduction to IWRM Part 1: Discovering IWRM
    • Goal and objectives of the session
      • To introduce the importance of water
      • To give an indication of the water crisis
      • To present the challenge in resolving the crisis
      • To define IWRM
      • To introduce the importance of a water management framework
    • Outline presentation
      • Overview of the importance of water
      • Water crisis: Facts
      • Challenges in addressing crisis
      • What is IWRM
      • Water management framework and core elements
      • Benefits of the framework
    • Introduction
      • The Importance of Water
      • Water is essential to human survival (20-40 litres per person daily)
      • Effective primary health care
      • Fight poverty, hunger, child mortality, gender inequality and environmental damage.
      • Millennium Development Goals
    • Facts on Water Crisis
      • More than 2 billion people suffer from water shortages in over 40 countries;
      • 1.1 billion people do not have access to safe drinking water;
      • 4 out of 10 people in the world do not have access to improved sanitation (very basic facilities);
      • 2 million tonnes per day of human waste is discharged into water courses;
      • Every year 1.6 million children below 5 years old die because of unsafe water and lack of basic sanitation.
    • Reasons for Water Crisis
      • Water resources under pressure from population growth, economic activity, growing competition from many water users;
      • Withdrawals increased more than twice the rate of population growth;
      • Development and pollution are exacerbating water scarcity;
      • Uncoordinated development and management of water resources;
      • Climate change will impact on water resources.
    • Challenges
      • Improving access to water (all users) and sanitation
      • What is needed?
      • Government making this a priority;
      • Appropriate long-term financing;
      • Resolving competition among users and environmental challenges;
      • Advocacy on-behalf of poor;
      • Improved capacity of governments to deliver services to all users;
      • Government accountability in meeting the needs of all users.
    • What is IWRM?
      • A systematic process for sustainable development, allocation and monitoring of water resource use in the context of social, economic and environmental goals and objectives.
    • IWRM is a paradigm shift.
      • Departs from traditional approaches in three ways:
      • Cross-cutting and departs from traditional sectoral approach.
      • Spatial focus is the river basin;
      • Departure from narrow professional and political boundaries and perspectives and broadened to incorporate participatory decision-making of all stakeholders ( Inclusion versus exclusion ).
    • Interdependency
      • The basis of IWRM is that there are a variety of uses of water resources which are interdependent.
      The need to consider the different uses of water together
    • Examples of Competing but Interdependent Uses
    • The Water Balancing Act
      • Demand
      • Increasing in all sectors
      • Inefficient use
      • Supply
      • Quantity ( Natural Scarcity,
      • Groundwater Depletion)
      • Quality Degradation
      • Cost of Options
    • IWRM Dimensions
    • The IWRM Process Governance Health Water Quality Water Supply Floods/Droughts Energy Agriculture Industry Pollution Prev Coastal Mgt. Ecosystem Mgt. Activity Sectors (water uses) Social Development Economic Development Env . Protection Objectives Policy/Inst. Framework Management Institutions Feedback Prosperity IWRM Water and water related policies review and revision IWRM Resource development, management, monitoring, and evaluation IWRM Resource availability/use analysis and allocation
    • Water Management Framework
      • At the core of the water management framework is:
      • Treatment of water as an economic and social good;
      • Decentralised management and delivery structures;
      • Greater reliance on economic instruments;
      • Broader participation of stakeholders.
    • What will a Water Management Framework do?
      • 1) Provide framework for analysing policies and options that will guide decisions in relation to:
      • Water scarcity;
      • Service efficiency;
      • Water allocation; and
      • Environmental protection.
      • 2) Facilitate consideration of relationships between the ecosystem and socio-economic activities in river basins.
    • Think about it
      • Could you give examples from your own country where interdependency of water uses exists?
    • End
      • The next presentation deals with the principles of water management