Rubin Vase This ambiguous figure demonstrates our ability to shift between figure and ground which provides the basis for the two interpretations of these figures.
Volume refers to the mass or bulk of three-dimensional works. This work by David Smith is a good example of geometric form.
In its original historical meaning, a cartoon (from the Italian cartone , meaning &quot;big paper&quot;) is a full-size drawing made on paper as a study for a further artwork, such as a painting or tapestry. Cartoons were typically used in the production of frescoes, to accurately link the component parts of the composition when painted onto plaster over a series of days. Such cartoons often have pinpricks where the outline of the design has been picked out in the plaster. Cartoons by painters such as Raphael and Leonardo da Vinci are highly prized in their own right. Sanguine refers to a reddish, often tending to brown, color of chalk used in drawing. The word may also refer to a drawing done in sanguine.
Primary colors with neutrals Pop Artist, Roy Lichtenstein, c. 1960’s
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angelos, CA
The Language of Art > The Visual Elements The Ingredients for a Great Composition
Using Line to Create Depth and Texture Elizabeth Catlett. Sharecropper (1968) color linocut Modeling on a two-dimensional surface is the illusion of volume through the use of shading. Hatching is the use of fine parallel lines to represent shading.
A form has implied mass. It is a shape that appears to be three-dimensional (3-D). It has HEIGHT, WIDTH, and DEPTH - which is the 3 rd dimension. Depth shows the volume or mass of the object. Forms are defined by contour lines .
In order to have a successful drawing, you will need to show a full value range , which means that there are very light areas, middle tones, and very dark areas. This is a way of giving a work of art contrast and volume .
Soft shading is when you use pencil or charcoal to create soft gradation from one value to the next creating a full value range.
Value in Painting Chiaroscuro is a type of modeling that has a soft gradation of value over the form. Tenebrism is a type of modeling that has a sharp contrast in value that gives a spot-light effect on the subject. Leonardo da Vinci. Virgin of the Rocks oil on panel, 1486, Louvre, Paris
Our modern understanding of light and color began with Isaac Newton (1642-1726) and a series of experiments that he published in 1672. He was the first to understand the rainbow and he used a prism to refract white light into its component colors.
These colors are: R ed, O range, Y ellow, G reen, B lue, I ndigo and V iolet
Visual Texture is the illusion of texture on a flat surface. This is the type of texture that artists render when they draw and paint. Visual textures may look soft, smooth, fuzzy, or rough. Even to the point of trompe l’oeil – the French phrase that means “trick the eye.”
Leonardo. Mona Lisa oil on wood
RACHEL RUYSCH. Flower Still Life (after 1700) Oil on Canvas. 29 3/4” x 23 7/8”.
Meret Oppenheim. Object (1936) Fur-Covered Cup, Saucer, and Spoon Camille Claudel’s The Waltz Creating simulated texture… subversive texture Transition from smooth skin to rough, bumpy, rippling base
DAVID GILHOOLY. Bowl of Chocolate Moose (1989). Ceramic. 10 ” x 6 ” x 7 ”
Elements of Art > Texture > Impasto Impasto is the actual, thick texture of the paint as applied by an artist. Vincent Van Gogh. Irises (1889) oil on canvas
Guitar, Sheet Music, and Glass. paper, gouache, charcoal Elements of Art > Texture > Collage Pablo Picasso – The first artist to attach paper and other materials to his art work.