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Aegean art

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Intro to Aegean Art

Intro to Aegean Art

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  • 1. Chapter 4 Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 13e Prehistoric Aegean Art
  • 2. The Prehistoric Aegean
  • 3. Goals
    • Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean.
    • Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures.
    • Discuss Minoan society and architecture.
    • Understand visual aspects of Minoan art.
    • Understand the link between culture and architecture of Mycenae
    • Identify important Mycenaean architectural achievements.
    • Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture
  • 4. 4.1 Cycladic Art
    • Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean and the specific area of the Cycladic Islands.
    • Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures
  • 5. The Cycladic Figures
    • Describe the visual aspects of the Cycladic female and male figures. Why are these figures popular and highly collectible now?
  • 6. Figure 4-2 Figurine of a woman, from Syros (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 2500–2300 BCE. Marble, 1’ 6” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 7. Figure 4-3 Male lyre player, from Keros (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 2700–2500 BCE. Marble, 9” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 8. 4.2 Minoan Culture and Art
    • Discuss the mythology behind the Minoan culture and architecture.
    • Understand the elements and nature of Minoan palace architecture.
    • Examine the medium, methods, and imagery of Minoan wall painting.
    • Explore the developments of Minoan pottery.
  • 9. King Minos and Crete
    • Discuss the Greek bronze age mythology behind Minoan culture and architecture.
    • What light has Aegean archaeology shed on the mythological stories?
  • 10. Figure 4-4 Aerial view (looking northeast) of the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1700–1400 BCE.
  • 11. Figure 4-5 Plan of the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1700–1400 BCE.
  • 12. Figure 4-6 Stairwell in the residential quarter of the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1700–1400 BCE.
  • 13. Figure 4-7 Minoan woman or goddess ( La Parisienne ), from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450–1400 BCE. Fragment of a fresco, 10” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
  • 14. Minoan Architecture
    • Understand the elements and nature of Minoan palace architecture.
    • What was the “labyrinth” of the Minotaur and how does the palace at Knossos fit that description?
    • Describe some of the remarkable achievements of Minoan architecture.
  • 15. Minoan Wall Painting
    • What is the subject matter and style seen in Minoan wall paintings?
    • What materials and methods were typically used?
    • Compare the fresco in the next slide with Egyptian wall painting.
  • 16. Figure 4-8 Bull-leaping, from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450–1400 BCE. Fresco, 2’ 8” high, including border. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
  • 17. Figure 4-9 Landscape with swallows ( Spring Fresco ), from Room Delta 2, Akrotiri, Thera (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 1650 BCE. Fresco, 7’ 6” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 18. The Development of Minoan Pottery
    • Describe the materials used in the making of pottery in the Minoan culture.
    • What is the predominant imagery in the painted images in Minoan pottery?
  • 19. Figure 4-10 Kamares-ware jar, from Phaistos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1800–1700 BCE. 1’ 8” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
  • 20. Figure 4-11 Marine Style octopus jar, from Palaikastro (Crete), Greece, ca. 1500 BCE. 11” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
  • 21. Figure 4-12 Snake Goddess , from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1600 BCE. Faience, 1’ 1 1/2” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
  • 22. Figure 4-13 Young god(?), from Palaikastro (Crete), Greece, ca. 1500–1475 BCE. Ivory, gold, serpentine, and rock crystal, restored height 1’ 7 1/2”. Archaeological Museum, Siteia.
  • 23. Figure 4-14 Harvester Vase , from Hagia Triada (Crete), Greece, ca. 1500 BCE. Steatite, originally with gold leaf, greatest diameter 5”. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.
  • 24. 4.3 Mycenaean Culture and Art
    • Relate significant aspects of archeological excavations at Mycenae.
    • Understand the link between culture and architecture of Mycenae.
    • Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture.
  • 25. Mycenean Art and Architecture
    • Describe how the Mycenean palaces are different from the Minoan palaces.
    • Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture.
  • 26. Figure 4-15 Aerial view of the citadel at Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.
  • 27. Figure 4-16 Corbeled gallery in the walls of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.
  • 28. Figure 4-17 Three methods of spanning a passageway: (a) post and lintel, (b) corbeled arch, (c) arch.
  • 29. Figure 4-18 Plan of the palace and southern part of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.
  • 30. Figure 4-19 Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300–1250 BCE. Limestone, relief panel, 9’ 6” high.
  • 31. Figure 4-22 Funerary mask, from Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600–1500 BCE. Beaten gold, 1’ high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 32. Figure 4-23 Inlaid dagger blade with lion hunt, from Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600–1500 BCE. Bronze, inlaid with gold, silver, and niello, 9” long. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 33. Figure 4-24 Female head, from Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300–1250 BCE. Painted plaster, 6 1/2” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 34. Figure 4-25 Warriors Vase , from Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1200 BCE. 1’ 4” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.
  • 35. Discussion Questions
    • What do you think are possible functions for the Cycladic sculptures?
    • Compare the Egyptian Old Kingdom and New Kingdom [Armana period] styles of wall painting with Minoan wall paintings.
    • What was the focus of Minoan art? Did they emphasize the afterlife?
    • Why do you think the Minoan civilization declined? Give reasons for your ideas.
    • Compare and contrast Minoan and Mycenaean art and architecture. Despite exhibiting the influence of Minoan art, why did Mycenaean art and architecture develop along different lines (Example: Minoan Havester Vase v. Mycenaean Warrior Vase)?