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What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
What is Art?
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What is Art?


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An Introduction to Visual Art

An Introduction to Visual Art

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  • 1. What is Art?
    An Introduction to Visual Art
  • 2. Objectives of the Activity
    Determine a definition of visual art
    Examine how we see and perceive art
    Define terms related to the viewing of art
    Examine images critically
  • 3. What is Art?
  • 4. What is Art?
    Britannica Online defines art as:
    "the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experiences that can be shared with others.“
    Visual Art has been defined as a language of visual signs which conveys ideas, feelings, or moods.
  • 5. The Meaning of the Word Art…
    The word art encompasses many meanings, including ability, process, and product.
    Ability - The human capacity to make things of beauty and things that stir us; skill, mastery, and creativity.
    Process - The different classifications of art such as drawing, painting, sculpting, architecture, music, and photography; methods and processes.
    Product - The completed work; painting, sculpture, . .
    Whatever the definition, it is important to know the vocabulary of art in order to understand it.
  • 6. How is Visual Art Classified?
  • 7. How is Visual Art Classified?
    Traditional and contemporary art encompasses activities as diverse as:
    painting, sculpture, drawing, printmaking, illustration, cartoons, ceramics, stained glass, photography, installation, video, film, and architecture, to name a few.
  • 8. Style
    Over time, an artist’s body of work can reveal an expressive character unique to the individual artist, like a signature. This expressive quality is known as an artistic style.
    Individual Style is the characteristic manner of expression used by a particular artist.
    For each piece, the artist makes choices about the structure, media (materials and tools), techniques (methods of using the media), and treatment of subject matter that will best express his or her idea.
    Young artists are often tempted to prematurely impose a style on their work, instead of allowing it to mature naturally. However, they must remember— just like a signature—one’s expressive style truly only develops through time and repeated practice.
    Some styles, once unique to individual artists, have been adopted by generations of artists and have broader historical application.
    Period style is the general characteristics common to much of the work from given period of time or cultural phase.
    Regional style is the manner of expression common in the work of artists working in the same country or area.
    During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, artists often confounded the public by the increasingly abstract treatment of subject matter. Contemporary artists, too, make expressive choices that the public often doesn’t understand or find personally relevant.
    In many cases, a single artist’s style changes as his or her body of work develops and grows. One prime example is the work of Piet Mondrian whose final style has influenced artists in other fields.
  • 9. Piet Mondrian. The Grey Tree
    The Trees
  • 10. Composition - The act of organizing the visual elements of art. The organization of the visual elements in a work of art.
    Piet Mondrian. Composition in Red, Blue, and Yellow
  • 11. Seeing – Visual Perception awareness: intuitive, rational, informative
  • 12. Art and Perception
  • 13. Art and Perception
  • 14. Art and Perceptionfigure ground reversal
  • 15. Art and Perceptioncamouflage
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18. Why do artists make art?
  • 19. The Three Searches
    The three basic searches in which
    artists are involved:
    Search for understanding of:
    the Supernatural,
    and Self.
  • 20. What are the purposes of art?
  • 21. Art Creates Beauty
    Aesthetics – the search for beauty
    Idealism – the representation of forms according to a concept of perfection
    Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa
  • 22. Art can be used to
    Replicate nature (naturalistic)
    Depict reality (realistic, objective, perceptive)
    Record an artist’s own experiences (representational)
    Gustave Courbet Burial at Ornans
  • 23. Art Enhances Our Environment
    5th century Byzantine Mosaics
    Mausoleum of Galla Placidia Ravenna, Italy
  • 24. Art Enhances Our Environment
    Dale Chihuly. Fiori di Como (detail)Bellagio, Las Vegas, NV
  • 25. DALE CHIHULY. Fioridi Como (1998). 70’ x 30’ x 12’
  • 26. Dale Chihuly
  • 27. How does art influence society?
  • 28. Art Reveals Truth
    In her self-portraits, the Mexican painter Frida Kahlo used her tragic life as an emblem for human suffering.
    Frida Kahlo. Diego in My Thoughts
  • 29. ArtImmortalizes
    Pop Art – an art style originating in the 1960s that uses commercial and popular images and themes as its subject matter
    Andy Warhol. Marilyn screen print
  • 30. ANDY WARHOL. Four Marilyns (1962). Synthetic polymer paint and silkscreen ink on canvas. 30" × 23⅞".
  • 31. Looking at Art
    Is this art? Why or why not?
    Warhol. Campbell’s Tomato Soup
  • 32. Why is art important?
  • 33. Art Expresses Religious Beliefs
    Hagia Sophia Istanbul, Turkey Christ Pantocrator Byzantine Art
  • 34. Art Expresses Fantasy
    Marc Chagal, I and the Village, (1911) oil on canvas
  • 35. Art and the Psychoanalytic
    Many 20th Century artists looked to the psychoanalytic writings of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, who suggested that primeval forces are at work in the unconscious reaches of the mind.
    Artist’s sought to use their art as an outlet for these unconscious forces.
  • 36. Max Beckman. The Dream
  • 37. 0
    Art can make you think.
    Art can make you feel.
    Art can trigger associations.
  • 38. Art Simulates the Intellect
    Buckminster Fuller stands
    in front of his geodesic dome
    Leonardo. Polyhedron
  • 39. Art Creates Order and Harmony
    Ictinos and Callicrates, The Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens
    Application of the Golden Section
    Design - The combination of the visual elements according to principles of design such as proportion and harmony.
  • 40. 0
    Art is harmony.–Georges Seurat
    Artists and scientists try to find the underlying order of nature.
    Zen - A Buddhist sect that seeks inner harmony through introspection and meditation.
  • 41. Ryoanji Zen Temple, Japanese sand garden, Kyoto, Japan.
  • 42. Art Protests Injustice
    Eugene Deacroix. Liberty Leading the People oil on canvas
    Allegory - A narrative in which people and events have consistent symbolic meanings; extended metaphor.
  • 43. Conceptual Art
    Conceptual art does not represent an external object. It also challenges the traditional view of the artist as creative visionary, skilled craftsperson, and master of ones media. The “art” lies in the artist’s concept or idea.
  • 44. Art Elevates the Commonplace
    Readymade – found objects that are exhibited as works of art
    Assemblage – a work of art that consists of assembled three-dimensional objects
    Duchamp. Fountain
  • 45. Art Elevates the Commonplace
    Gustave Courbet. The Stonebreakers, oil on canvas
  • 46. Art Reflects the Social and Cultural Context
    Edward Hopper. Night Hawks (1942) oil on canvas
  • 47. Art Meets the Needs of the Artist
    Christo and Jeanne-Claude. The Gates,
    Central Park, New York, NY 2005
    Christo. The Gates drawing
  • 48. A Structure for Understanding Art
    • Components of Art
    • 49. Elements of Art
    • 50. Principles of Design
    • 51. Underlying Concepts
    Picasso’s Garçon à la pipe
  • 52. The Components of Art
    Van Gogh’s Portrait of Dr. Gachet
  • 58. * The Visual Elements – Used by artists to create imagery
    Hokusai. The Great Wave color wood-cut
  • 64. The Principles of Design
    Rembrandt Anatomy Lesson oil on canvas
  • 71. Underlying Core Concepts
    Light – that form of radiant energy which simulates visual perception, illumination (value, color, hue, neutral, tone, key, tint, shade, shadow, highlight, modeling, chiaroscuro)
    Space – the environment in which all things exist (line, shape, mass, length, width, size, area, measurement, depth, volume, dimension, proportion, scale)
    Time – period of duration, fourth dimension (duration, motion, moment, date)
  • 72. Other Key Terms
    Composition - The act or organizing or composing the visual elements of art.
    Design - The combination of the visual elements of art according to principles of design such as balance and unity.
    Form - The organization of the visual elements in a work of art.
  • 73. Looking at Art
    Is this art? Why or why not?
    What elements does it have or not have?
    Monet. Water Lilies oil paint
  • 74. 0
    The Piano Lesson(s) by Matisse and Bearden
  • 75. HENRI MATISSE. Piano Lesson (1916). Oil on canvas. 8’ x 6’11 “
    ROMARE BEARDEN. Piano Lesson (1983). Oil with Collage. 29” x 22”
  • 76. Looking at Art
    Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
    The Piano Lesson c. 1889
  • 84. Looking at Art
    Henri Matisse. Piano Lesson
    oil on canvas c. 1916
  • 92. Looking at Art
    Romare Bearden. The Piano Lesson
    oil on canvas c. 1983
  • 100. Looking at Art
    Jan Van Eyck, Giovanni Arnolfini
    and His Bride, 1434 oil paint
  • 107.
  • 108.
  • 109. Unity
    Principles of Design
    Elements of Art
    Components of Art