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POC_Ch12 POC_Ch12 Presentation Transcript

  • “Speak clearly, if you speak at all;12 carve every word before you let it fall.” ― Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., American jurist Giving Presentations
  • After completing the chapter, you will be able to:• Describe oral presentations.• Identify the steps to plan a successful presentation.• Prepare the content for a presentation.• List techniques for being a skilled presenter. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Oral Presentations • An oral presentation is a speech, address, or presentation given to a group. • Presentations: – vary in length, topic, and audience and may be formal or informal – may be made by one person or a group of people – may include a question-and-answer session for audience participation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • 1. What is an oral presentation?2. How does an audience typically participate in a presentation? © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Planning a Presentation • Identify the purpose—pass on information, respond to questions and requests, make a request, direct others, or persuade • Analyze the audience—what are the demographics, or information about the audience • How much time do you have to present • Gather information for your presentation • Determine delivery method; usually in person or Web – slideshow – flash based – video conference © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • 1. What are five general purposes a presentation may serve?2. What are demographics?3. How are most oral presentations delivered? © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Preparing Contentfor a Presentation • Introduction – introduce the topic – draw the listener into the presentation • Body – select direct or indirect approach – points should appear in a logical order – as you finish each main point, summarize it • Conclusion – summarize the presentation – restate main points and relate to the purpose of presentation © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Preparing Contentfor a Presentation • Effective presentation techniques – use facts; make an analogy (comparison of unlike things) when appropriate – use humor when appropriate – use visuals – use presentation notes to help stay on track with presentation Shutterstock © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Preparing Contentfor a Presentation • Use visual displays, which are large graphic elements that accompany the presentation such as slideshows, flip charts, and whiteboards. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Preparing Contentfor a Presentation • Use demonstrations in your presentation to show the product or idea. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Preparing Contentfor a Presentation • Use handouts (leave-behinds), which are printed materials that you distribute to the audience. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Preparing Contentfor a Presentation • Presentation notes help you stay on track. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • 1. What are the three basic parts of a presentation draft?2. What is an analogy?3. What are visual elements in a presentation? © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Giving a Presentation • Evaluate yourself • Become aware of how you sound—record your voice – Is the volume of your voice appropriate? – Did you speak too fast or too slow? – Did you pronounce words correctly? – Did words run together, word endings dropped, or extra syllables added? – Did you avoid words/phrases such as “um,” “you know,” and “like”? – Did you emphasize points enough, too much, or too little? © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Common Errors in Pronunciation • Dropping Sounds at the End of Words – For example, do you drop the g in ing words and say runnin’, eating’, or workin’? Do you drop the final t when you say words such as list and tourist? Do you drop the final d in words such as field and build? • Omitting Letters and Sounds – For example, consider the word introduce. The correct pronuncitation is IN-tro-duce, not IN-ter-duce. • Adding Sounds – For example, do you say ATH-a-lete? The correct pronunciation is ATH-lete. (continued) © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Common Errors in Pronunciation • Altering Vowel Sounds – For example, do you say GEN-you-in (correct) or GEN-you-ine (incorrect)? • Stressing the Wrong Syllable – For example, you should say in-COM-pa-ra-ble, not in- com-PAR-a-ble, and in-SUR-ance, not IN-sur-ance. (continued) © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Common Errors in Pronunciation • Mispronouncing Words – Many people make the mistake of pronouncing words just as they appear in writing. For example, do you pronounce the word epitome as i-PIT-i-me (correct) or I-pi-tome (incorrect)? Another common mispronunciation is aks (incorrect) instead of ask (correct). • Using Incorrect Words – For example, for the verb form of orientation, do you say orient (correct) or orientate (incorrect)? © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Giving a Presentation • How is your body language? • Practice speaking in front of a friend. – Did you make eye contact with the listener? – Did you stand still and avoid unnecessary gestures? – Did you stand up straight? – Did you smile? – Did you dress appropriately? – Were you prepared to answer audience questions? • If a question is off topic, ask the person to see you after the presentation is over. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • Giving a Presentation • As the old saying goes, practice makes perfect! © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • 1. When learning to control your voice, what is the first thing you should do?2. What are five things you can do to control your body language? (continued) © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • 3. If a question is off topic, what can you do? © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.
  • • An oral presentation is a speech, address, or presentation given to a group.• Identify purpose, audience, situation, main ideas, organization, and materials needed.• Begin with an introduction, main points, subtopics, and end with a conclusion.• Practice your presentation until you are comfortable with what you are going to say. © Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. Permission granted to reproduce for educational use only.