Group 1 - Nature Of The Bible


Published on


Co | Dayo | De Guzman | Salud | Santos

Published in: Education, Sports, Lifestyle
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Group 1 - Nature Of The Bible

  1. 1. <ul><li>When I feel afraid </li></ul><ul><li>Think I've lost my way, </li></ul><ul><li>Still you're there right beside me. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing will I fear as long as you are near, </li></ul><ul><li>Please be near me to the end. </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Nature of the Bible Co | Dayo | De Guzman | Salud | Santos
  3. 3. What kind of book is the bible? <ul><li>It is called, “the book of Books,” the book that exceeds all others and contains more than all others combined (Daniel-Rops, 1958). </li></ul><ul><li>According to Christian orthodoxy, the bible is the trustworthy written testimony to Jesus Christ (Ash, 2005). </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrews 1 says, God spoke in many and various ways. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bible: Unique from all other ancient and contemporary books? <ul><li>It was written over a 1600-year span, during 60 generations, and by more than 40 authors from every walk of life including kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, poets, statesmen, scholars, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible has been read by more people and published in more languages than any other book. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible was the first book translated. (Septuagint, Greek Translation, 250 B.C) </li></ul><ul><li>The Bible has withstood vicious attacks by its enemies as no other book has. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bible: Occupies an important place in our hearts? <ul><li>Mirrors people’s lives and fits their mood of the moment </li></ul><ul><li>Magnificent songs of joy and gratitude </li></ul><ul><li>Words of consolation </li></ul>
  6. 6. What kind of a reality is the bible? <ul><li>Two Contemporary Perspectives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To take it literary. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To take it literally. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Is it truly God's word in a literal sense? <ul><li>The Bible is INSPIRED by God. </li></ul><ul><li>- Paul, Archtemeier. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How the Bible Got its Name <ul><li>The word bible, came from BIBLIA which means “BOOKS” in Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Bible is originally a diminutive of BIBLOS which means ‘papyrus scroll’ in Semitic Origin </li></ul>
  9. 9. Can we find the word &quot;Bible&quot; in the Old and New Testament? <ul><li>the word “BIBLE” was coined by Middle English, BIBLIA was the Latin word for bible. </li></ul>
  10. 10. When did the use of the word &quot;Bible&quot; start? <ul><li>The ENGLISH LANGUAGE bible was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written on: 1380s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written by: an OXFORD professor, John Wycliffe. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The First Official Published Bible <ul><li>The GENEVA BIBLE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1560’s and 1644 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First printed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in Geneva, Switzerland </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>by refugees from England </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Calvin, John Knox, Myles Coverdale, John Foxe, and other Reformers. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought to America by the Mayflower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90% foundation of the King James Bible. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Divine Revelation R EVELATION is the content used to fill the gap between humans and God and thus be saved.
  13. 14. Bible: A Library of Books? <ul><li>The Bible contains 24 books in the Old Testament, while in the New Testament, there are 4 narratives of Jesus’ life (Gospels), a theological account of the early church (acts), 21 letters, and an apocalypse (Harris, 1981). </li></ul>
  14. 15. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Figurative Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Represents the concept in terms of another </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer&quot; (2 Sam. 22:3). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Destruction and Death say, 'We have heard a report about it with our ears'&quot; (Job 28:22). </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Narrative </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Heroic Narrative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Story of Abraham (Gen. 12-25), Jacob (Gen. 27-35), Joseph (Gen. 37-50), Ruth, Esther and Daniel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tragedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Samson (Judges 13-16), Adam and Eve (Gen. 3), Saul (1 Sam. 9-31), and Solomon (1 Kings 1-11;2 2 Chron. 1-9) </li></ul></ul>Literary Forms of the Bible
  16. 17. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Poetry </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Climactic parallelism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Give unto the Lord, O you mighty ones, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give unto the Lord glory and strength. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give unto the Lord the glory due to His name (Ps. 29:1-2a). </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Pastoral Literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses the imagery of rural poetry in a rustic setting to portray a feeling </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Psalm 23 takes the reader through a day in the life of a shepherd who cares for his sheep from morning to night. The psalmist uses these images to express God's gracious care for His people. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Wisdom Literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stresses that the basis for true success in skillful living is the fear of the Lord </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally expressed in poetic terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some of the Psalms (1, 37, 119) and much of the book of James can also be categorized as wisdom literature. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Prophetic Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Jonah and Amos 4. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Oratory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art of speaking in public with force & eloquence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon’s sermon and prayer at the dedication of the temple in 2 Chronicles 6, Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5-7), book of Acts (apostle Paul as a skillful and effective orator) </li></ul>
  21. 22. Literary Forms of the Bible <ul><li>Epistle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May be formal or informal long letter, but all bear the mark of apostolic authority </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Purpose of the Bible (Stott, 2003) The purpose of the Bible is to reveal Christ and his salvation (John 1:1, Acts 2:38). SALVATION is far more than merely the forgiveness of sins including the whole sweep of God’s purpose to redeem and restore humankind and all creation.
  23. 24. Bible: Controversial until now ? There are boundless views, perceptions, interpretations, and translations of the Bible from different people with different religions, beliefs, and backgrounds. (Judd, 2002)
  24. 25. <ul><li>Philosophical: </li></ul><ul><li>Does God really exist? </li></ul><ul><li>Can evil exist and there still be a God? </li></ul><ul><li>Does God have absolute knowledge of the </li></ul><ul><li>future? </li></ul><ul><li>Can morality exist without religion? </li></ul><ul><li>Doctrinal: </li></ul><ul><li>Is there only one way to </li></ul><ul><li>receive salvation? </li></ul><ul><li>Is acceptance of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>alone sufficient for </li></ul><ul><li>salvation? </li></ul><ul><li>Was Jesus Christ the son </li></ul><ul><li>of God? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the family primary in </li></ul><ul><li>God's plan? </li></ul><ul><li>Social: </li></ul><ul><li>Is abortion wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Is capital punishment wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the Bible forbid same-sex relationships? </li></ul><ul><li>Religion and science: </li></ul><ul><li>Does the theory of evolution explain the </li></ul><ul><li>origins of humanity? </li></ul><ul><li>Does religious commitment improve </li></ul><ul><li>mental health? </li></ul><ul><li>Political: </li></ul><ul><li>Is war ever justified? </li></ul><ul><li>Should there be a strict </li></ul><ul><li>separation between church </li></ul><ul><li>and state? </li></ul>
  25. 26. References
  26. 27. References