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Group 1 - Nature Of The Bible
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Group 1 - Nature Of The Bible


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Co | Dayo | De Guzman | Salud | Santos

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  • 1.
    • When I feel afraid
    • Think I've lost my way,
    • Still you're there right beside me.
    • Nothing will I fear as long as you are near,
    • Please be near me to the end.
  • 2. The Nature of the Bible Co | Dayo | De Guzman | Salud | Santos
  • 3. What kind of book is the bible?
    • It is called, “the book of Books,” the book that exceeds all others and contains more than all others combined (Daniel-Rops, 1958).
    • According to Christian orthodoxy, the bible is the trustworthy written testimony to Jesus Christ (Ash, 2005).
    • Hebrews 1 says, God spoke in many and various ways.
  • 4. Bible: Unique from all other ancient and contemporary books?
    • It was written over a 1600-year span, during 60 generations, and by more than 40 authors from every walk of life including kings, peasants, philosophers, fishermen, poets, statesmen, scholars, and others.
    • The Bible has been read by more people and published in more languages than any other book.
    • The Bible was the first book translated. (Septuagint, Greek Translation, 250 B.C)
    • The Bible has withstood vicious attacks by its enemies as no other book has.
  • 5. Bible: Occupies an important place in our hearts?
    • Mirrors people’s lives and fits their mood of the moment
    • Magnificent songs of joy and gratitude
    • Words of consolation
  • 6. What kind of a reality is the bible?
    • Two Contemporary Perspectives:
      • Liberal
        • To take it literary.
      • Conservative
        • To take it literally.
  • 7. Is it truly God's word in a literal sense?
    • The Bible is INSPIRED by God.
    • - Paul, Archtemeier.
  • 8. How the Bible Got its Name
    • The word bible, came from BIBLIA which means “BOOKS” in Greek
    • Bible is originally a diminutive of BIBLOS which means ‘papyrus scroll’ in Semitic Origin
  • 9. Can we find the word "Bible" in the Old and New Testament?
    • the word “BIBLE” was coined by Middle English, BIBLIA was the Latin word for bible.
  • 10. When did the use of the word "Bible" start?
    • The ENGLISH LANGUAGE bible was:
      • Written on: 1380s
      • Written by: an OXFORD professor, John Wycliffe.
  • 11. The First Official Published Bible
        • 1560’s and 1644
        • First printed
          • in Geneva, Switzerland
          • by refugees from England
          • John Calvin, John Knox, Myles Coverdale, John Foxe, and other Reformers.
      • Brought to America by the Mayflower
      • 90% foundation of the King James Bible.
  • 12. Divine Revelation R EVELATION is the content used to fill the gap between humans and God and thus be saved.
  • 13.  
  • 14. Bible: A Library of Books?
    • The Bible contains 24 books in the Old Testament, while in the New Testament, there are 4 narratives of Jesus’ life (Gospels), a theological account of the early church (acts), 21 letters, and an apocalypse (Harris, 1981).
  • 15. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Figurative Language
      • Represents the concept in terms of another
    • Examples:
    • Metaphor
      • "The Lord is my rock, my fortress and my deliverer" (2 Sam. 22:3).
    • Personification
      • "Destruction and Death say, 'We have heard a report about it with our ears'" (Job 28:22).
  • 16.
    • Narrative
    • Examples:
    • Heroic Narrative
      • Story of Abraham (Gen. 12-25), Jacob (Gen. 27-35), Joseph (Gen. 37-50), Ruth, Esther and Daniel
    • Tragedy
      • Samson (Judges 13-16), Adam and Eve (Gen. 3), Saul (1 Sam. 9-31), and Solomon (1 Kings 1-11;2 2 Chron. 1-9)
    Literary Forms of the Bible
  • 17. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Poetry
    • Example:
    • Climactic parallelism
      • Give unto the Lord, O you mighty ones,
      • Give unto the Lord glory and strength.
      • Give unto the Lord the glory due to His name (Ps. 29:1-2a).
  • 18. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Pastoral Literature
      • Uses the imagery of rural poetry in a rustic setting to portray a feeling
    • Example:
    • Psalm 23 takes the reader through a day in the life of a shepherd who cares for his sheep from morning to night. The psalmist uses these images to express God's gracious care for His people.
  • 19. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Wisdom Literature
      • Stresses that the basis for true success in skillful living is the fear of the Lord
      • Generally expressed in poetic terms
    • Some of the Psalms (1, 37, 119) and much of the book of James can also be categorized as wisdom literature.
  • 20. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Prophetic Literature
    • Example:
    • Book of Jonah and Amos 4.
  • 21. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Oratory
      • Art of speaking in public with force & eloquence
    • Example:
    • Solomon’s sermon and prayer at the dedication of the temple in 2 Chronicles 6, Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 5-7), book of Acts (apostle Paul as a skillful and effective orator)
  • 22. Literary Forms of the Bible
    • Epistle
      • May be formal or informal long letter, but all bear the mark of apostolic authority
  • 23. Purpose of the Bible (Stott, 2003) The purpose of the Bible is to reveal Christ and his salvation (John 1:1, Acts 2:38). SALVATION is far more than merely the forgiveness of sins including the whole sweep of God’s purpose to redeem and restore humankind and all creation.
  • 24. Bible: Controversial until now ? There are boundless views, perceptions, interpretations, and translations of the Bible from different people with different religions, beliefs, and backgrounds. (Judd, 2002)
  • 25.
    • Philosophical:
    • Does God really exist?
    • Can evil exist and there still be a God?
    • Does God have absolute knowledge of the
    • future?
    • Can morality exist without religion?
    • Doctrinal:
    • Is there only one way to
    • receive salvation?
    • Is acceptance of Christ
    • alone sufficient for
    • salvation?
    • Was Jesus Christ the son
    • of God?
    • Is the family primary in
    • God's plan?
    • Social:
    • Is abortion wrong?
    • Is capital punishment wrong?
    • Does the Bible forbid same-sex relationships?
    • Religion and science:
    • Does the theory of evolution explain the
    • origins of humanity?
    • Does religious commitment improve
    • mental health?
    • Political:
    • Is war ever justified?
    • Should there be a strict
    • separation between church
    • and state?
  • 26. References
  • 27. References