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Literate Environment Analysis Presentation

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  • 1. Grazia Vavalle Literate Environment Analysis Walden University Dr. Phyllis P. McCully EDUC­6706R August 18, 2013
  • 2. Literate Environment What is a literate environment? A classroom that is a literate environment is one that consists of many print rich displays and many opportunities to engage in language arts through different content area themes. In order for a classroom to be literate, it should include many varieties of texts that cater to the developmental and personal needs of the students in the classroom. “Together, students and their teacher create their classroom community, and the type of community they create strongly influences the learning that takes place” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 16).
  • 3. Getting to Know Literacy Learners, P-3 It is very important for teachers to get to know their students’ interests when it comes to reading. If the teacher would have taken the time to get to know the students and what books or topics they were interested in, then the students would not be bored or distracted during reading. Teachers can work with parents to help gain some insight about their child’s reading interests.
  • 4. Getting to Know Literacy Learners, P-3, continued... Through non-cognitive assessments, teachers can learn about a student’s motivations, self-concept, interests, and attitudes (Afflerbach, 2007). Types of non-cognitive assessments Teacher Observations Literacy Autobiographies Student Interviews Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (McKenna & Kear, 1990).
  • 5. Getting to Know Literacy Learners, P-3, continued... “Teachers use diagnostic reading assessments to identify students’ strengths and weaknesses, examine any area of difficulty in more detail, and decide how to modify instruction to meet students’ needs” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 86). Types of cognitive assessments Reading Inventories Running Records Checklists
  • 6. Getting to Know Literacy Learners, P-3, continued... “No method or combination of methods an teach all children to read; rather, it is the excellent teacher who knows his or her children from a social, emotional, physical, and intellectual perspective who creates reading success” (Morrow, 2011, p. 90). Assessing students can offer a great deal of knowledge to the teacher. Teachers can determine which level a student is reading on, whether he or she lacks in a certain literacy skill, and how they feel about reading. This information can help the teacher modify instruction for the student which will ultimately lead to the student become a better reader. Once teachers are able to determine what students are interested in, he or she can then figure out what kind of texts the students will enjoy reading.
  • 7. Selecting Texts Early literacy learning leads to success in the later grades (Laureate Education Inc., 2010). When selecting texts for students, Dr. Hartman suggests using a Literacy Matrix (Laureate Education Inc., 2010). Linguistic Narrative Informational Semiotic There are many things to take into consideration when selecting texts for students. The matrix on the left shows the four types of texts. Linguistic is a text that generally consists of a lot of words. Semiotic texts are more picture oriented. Narrative texts are story books. Informational texts are non-fiction.
  • 8. Selecting Texts, continued... It is the teacher’s job to select and analyze texts that are developmentally appropriate for the students in his or her classroom. Once the “just right” text is chosen, the teacher can instruct the students on the specific factors that may make a text too easy or too hard. “When students understand how authors organize and present their ideas in texts, this knowledge about text factors serves as a scaffold, making comprehension easier” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 290).
  • 9. Selecting Texts, continued... The Pout-Pout Fish in the Big-Big Dark by Deborah Diesen (Narrative) Fish by Steve Parker (Informational) Fishy Tales by DK Readers (Online, semiotic, informational)
  • 10. Interactive Perspective Interactive lesson plans help student become strategic processors. Strategic processing encourages teachers to use metacognition strategies in their lessons. “Metacognition strategies, such as monitoring, repairing, and evaluating, regulate students’ thinking and their use of cognitive strategies” (Tompkins, 2010 , p. 12).
  • 11. Interactive Perspective, continued... Teachers can use a variety of teaching strategies to incorporate into an Interactive Perspective focused lesson. They include: Hot Seat KWL Chart Grand Conversation Learning Logs The lesson I chose to reinforce the Interactive Perspective focused on learning short and long “a” vowel sounds and words. I began with a poem to bring out the students’ schema about the letter we were focusing on. The students were encourages to be interactive by participating in completing a “T” chart. The students were able to recall from the book various words that were either short or long “a” vowel.
  • 12. Critical and Response Perspectives Choosing texts that students have some sort of personal connection to will generally produce a greater response and interest while reading. They can easily make judgements and evaluate the texts (Laureate Education Inc., 2010a). By responding to the texts, the students can make a text-to-self connection by telling everyone how the text made them feel (Laureate Education Inc., 2010b).
  • 13. Critical and Response Perspectives, continued... Teachers can use a variety of teaching strategies to incorporate into an Critical and Response Perspective focused lesson. They include: Think aloud Grand conversations Questioning the Author Reading Logs The reading strategy that would best tie in the critical and response perspective into the lesson is a think-aloud. “Teachers think aloud or explain what they’re thinking while they’re reading so that students become more aware of how capable readers think; in the process, students also learn to think aloud about their use of strategies” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 51). While I was reading, I asked the students to turn and talk to their partner about their response to a particular question I posed during the lesson. This strategy ultimately makes students more active readers. It teaches students “how to think metacognitively and to regulate their own cognitive process” (Tompkins, 2010, p. 474). Reading comprehension depends upon the students’ ability to successfully use strategies to monitor and control their own comprehension (Migyanka, Policastro, & Lui, 2005, p. 171).
  • 14. Feedback from Colleagues and Family Members What insight did you gain about literacy and literacy instruction from viewing this presentation? How might the information presented change your literacy practices and/or your literacy interaction with students? In what ways can I support you in the literacy development of your students or your children? What questions do you have?
  • 15. References Afflerbach, P. (2007). Understanding and using reading assessment. Newark, DE: International Reading Association, Inc. Diesen, D. (2010). The Pout­Pout Fish in the Big­Big Dark. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Laureate Education, Inc. (2010). Analyzing and Selecting Texts. The Beginning Reader, Pre K-3. Baltimore, MD: Author. Laureate Education Inc. (2010a). Critical Perspective. The Beginning Reader, Pre K-3. Baltimore, MD: Author. Laureate Education Inc. (2010b). Response Perspective. The Beginning Reader, Pre K-3. Baltimore, MD: Author. Lock, D. (2009). Fishy Tales. Retrieved from http://www.wegivebooks.org/books/dk-readers-fishy-tales/reader • McKenna, M. C., & Kear, D. J. (1990). Measuring attitude toward reading: A new tool for teachers. Reading Teacher, 43(9), 626-639. • Migyanka, J., Policastro, C., & Lui, G. (2005). Using a think­aloud with diverse students: Three primary grade students experience Chrysanthemum. Retrieved August 6, 2013, From http://pan.intrasun.tcnj.edu/694/Think_Alouds.pdf Parker, S. (2005.). Fish. DK Publishing. Tompkins, G. E. (2010). Literacy for the 21st century: A balanced approach (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.