FR In Textiles

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FR In Textiles

  1. 1. Flame-Resistant Textiles Outlook on Global Contract Markets
  2. 2. Agenda What are FR textiles Market Size – Global look Market by segment – focus on NA Key Players by segment – Value Chain/Path to Market Market Drivers – by Segment Global FR Regulations – Current as well as pending Market Drivers for FR Regulations Update on California and CPSC Proposed Regs New Developments/Future Closing/Questions
  3. 3. Introduction My Background – Over 30 years in marketing specialty fibers – Hoechst Fibers/Hoechst Celanese/KoSa as well as Cargill Dow/NatureWorks – Over 5 years managing FR business – Trevira FR/Trevira CS – Currently have my own consulting business in marketing This presentation – Focus on flame-resistant contract market vs. other markets for FR fibers and fabrics
  4. 4. What are Flame Resistant Textiles?
  5. 5. Flame Resistant Textiles Inherent Hybrids FR Treated
  6. 6. Inherent Modacrylics acrylic / PVC copolymer PVC fiber Modified Polyester Vary by levels of modification Polyaramid FR Viscose
  7. 7. Trevira CS-Technology: organic phosphorous compound organic phosphorous compound Level OF modification leave textile properties unchanged
  8. 8. What is “inherently FR polyester?” In a process pioneered by Trevira Corporation, the polyester has a component (typically phosphorous) added to the liquid polymer. This phosphorous component causes the melting point of the polyester to be lowered. This lower melting point causes the polyester fabric to shrink away from the flame more quickly than regular polyester. If combustion does takes place, the burning phosphorous creates a halogen gas around the burn site. This halogen gas shuts off the oxygen necessary to maintain combustion and the fabric self-extinguishes.
  9. 9. Inherent flame resistant polyester High performance flame resistance for the life of the fabrics Fibre Polymer chain Flame resistance modification
  10. 10. Inherent FR Polyester Level of FR performance = Level of FR modification Trevira CS Avora FR/Trevira FR Fibre Fibre Polymer Polymer chain chain
  11. 11. Question: what is a “hybrid” or “blended” fabric? Answer: a fabric that is constructed with inherent FR yarn in one direction (warp or fill) and non-FR yarns in the other.
  12. 12. Inherent FR vs. “hybrids” “Hybrid fabrics” are a dilution of FR fibres with non-FR fibres Hybrid fabrics FR-fibers Non-FR-fibers
  13. 13. Question: what is a “topically treated” FR fabric? Answer: a fabric that has a chemical applied in finishing that makes the fabric more resistant to flame.
  14. 14. FR Treated Textiles Topical treatment of fabric with FR chemicals – Non-permanent – Possible -Rough, boardy hand
  15. 15. Business Drivers for FR textiles Government regulations Recommendations by fire authorities Recommendations by fire fighters Recommendations by insurance companies Specifications of contract specifiers – i.e Worldwide safety standards for hotel chains General safety awareness Specifications of retail Marketing activities
  16. 16. FR – Global Market Size
  17. 17. Flame resistant home furnishings (relev. Market) Global FR PES market (34kt) Global FR market (127 kt) FR finished Trevira 51% Europ CS Europa Comp. 54% 53% 7% FR PES Asian 26% USA Comp. 29% 13% PES Avora ROW Japan 16% 10% 9% 9% Others Modacrylics 14% 9%
  18. 18. Market Size for FR Polyester Europe High 18 kt Legislation 6kt North America 3kt Japan Low 0,2 India Market Size
  19. 19. Markets for FR Textiles - USA
  20. 20. Global Markets for Commercial Furnishings Corporate – Office Furnishings Healthcare – Acute Care, Hospitals, Nursing Homes Hospitality – Assisted Living, Casinos, Cruise Ships, Hotels/Motels, Restaurants, Time Shares Institutional – Auditoriums, Government Buildings, Military, Prisons, Schools, Theatres Transportation – Aircraft, Bus, Marine, Rail
  21. 21. Commercial Furnishings – by fabric type Corporate – Panel Fabric – primarily US market – Upholstery – Wallcovering Healthcare – Bedspreads, Blankets – Cubicle Curtain – Drapery – Mattresses – Upholstery – Wallcovering
  22. 22. Commercial Furnishings – by fabric type Hospitality – Bedspread/Blankets – Drapery – Mattresses – Upholstery – Wallcovering Institutional – Blankets – Curtains/Drapery – Panel Fabrics – Mattresses – Upholstery
  23. 23. Commercial Furnishings – by fabric type Transportation – Blankets – Drapery – Upholstery – Wallcovering
  24. 24. US Market for all FR hometextiles Panel fabrics Bedspreads 16% 15% Cubicle Curtains 3% Drapery 19% Upholstery fabrics 47%
  25. 25. Residential Furnishings Markets Mattresses Bedding – Bedspreads, Blankets, Mattress Pads, Duvets, Pillows Upholstery Drapery Note – Upcoming US regulations could affect these markets
  26. 26. Key Players By segment
  27. 27. Path to Market - Corporate Fiber Yarn Weavers OEM‘s IFG Steelcase Milliken Herman Miller Valdese Weavers Allsteel Fiber Yarn Weavers Jobbers Designers IFG Arc—Com Milliken DesignTex Valdese Knoll Maharam
  28. 28. Corporate Mills – Interface Fabrics – Milliken – Quaker – Valdese Weavers – Victor Innovotex Jobbers – Arc-Com – Carnegie – DesignTex – Knoll – Maharam – Momentum End Users – Haworth – Herman Miller – Steelcase
  29. 29. Value Chain – Healthcare Fibre Yarn Weaver Fabric Fabricators Architects/ Healthcare Manufacturer Marufacturer Knitter Distributors Work Rooms Designers Facilities .US Mills US Fabrics EU Fabrics
  30. 30. Healthcare Mills – Bloomsburg – Craftex – Forster – Interface Fabrics – ITG – Johnston Industries Jobbers – Arc-Com – Carnegie – DesignTex – Interspec – Maharam – Standard Textile End Users – Leo Daly – Perkins & Will
  31. 31. Value Chain - Hospitality Focused effort downstream at Designer/Purchasing Company/Hotel Company to educate on the value and scope of Trevira CS Fibre Yarn Weaver Fabric Fabricators Architects/ Purchasing Hotel Manufacturer Marufacturer Knitter Distributors cut & sew Designers Companies Companies US Mills US Fabrics Leo Daly Parker Company Holiday Inn Hirsch Bedner Neil Locke EU Fabrics Marriott Wilson & Assoc. Rosemont Starwood DLeonardo Int’l Gettys Group Radisson RTKL Assoc. HDP Hilton BBG-BBGM Hospitality Design Hyatt FRCH Carver Brayton & Hughes Provisions WATG Hatch Gettys Group RR Williams
  32. 32. Hospitality Mills – Bloomsburg – Copland – ITG – Johnston Ind. – Milliken Jobbers – DuraLee – Fabricut – Kravet – P/Kaufmann – Richloom – Robert Allen – Valley Forge End Users – Hilton Hotels and Resorts – Holiday Inn/Intercontinental – Hyatt Hotels – Marriott Hotels – Starwood
  33. 33. Value Chain – Institutional Curtain/Drapery Architects/ Designers Fibre Yarn Weaver Fabric End User Manufacturer Marufacturer Knitter Distributors Fabricators Work Rooms deBall US Fabrics JB Martin Auditoriums EU Fabrics KM Convention Centers Theatres Cinemas Churches Schools
  34. 34. Institutional Mills – DeBall – J. B. Martin – KM Fabrics – Milliken Jobbers – Arc-Com – Carnegie – F. Schumacher – DesignTex – Maharam – Rosewood End Users – Schools – Government/Military/Prisons – Auditoriums
  35. 35. Transportation Mills – Absecon – Lantal – Milliken Jobbers – Bergamo – Panaz End Users – Airlines – Commercial and Private – Rail – Cruise Ships
  36. 36. Market Drivers By Segment North American Market
  37. 37. Corporate/Institutional 1. Price 2. Green/Eco-Friendly 3. Aesthetics/Style
  38. 38. Healthcare 1. Price 2. Safety 3. Cleanability 4. Green/Eco-Friendly
  39. 39. Hospitality 1. Price 2. Aesthetics/Style 3. Availability 4. Safety 5. Green/Eco-Friendly 6. Protecting Intellectual Property
  40. 40. FR Regulations
  41. 41. North America-Commercial Vertical – NFPA 701 Wallcovering – NFPA 265/ASTM E84 Upholstery – CAL TB133, TB116, TB117 – UFAC Class I/NFPA260
  42. 42. High Performance - USA Transportation – Cruise Ships (IMO Regulations) – Airlines (FAR 25 853) – Railroads Heavier weight fabrics which need to meet vertical burn – NFPA 701 Export – needing to meet higher FR vertical burn standards in Europe and Asia
  43. 43. Western Europe-Commercial Vertical – M1 France, Spain, Belgium, Luxemburg – B1 Germany, Austria – BS5438, BS5867 UK Upholstery – EN1021
  44. 44. Other Areas around the Globe Middle East – Dubai follows the British Standards BS 5852 – upholstery BS 5438 5867 – general textiles/curtains/drapery Asia – Japan/Korea – Coil Tests – China similar to German standard (B1) Pacific – Australia similar to British standards
  45. 45. Market Drivers FR Regulations
  46. 46. Drivers for new NA Residential Legislation 330,000 fires yearly – Cigarettes and candles are the primary heat source 2600 Americans die yearly 15,000 are injured yearly Billions of $$ lost Result – American Home Fire Safety Act
  47. 47. Residential Fire Sources – North America – update Upholstered Furniture – Average Annual National Estimates, 2001-2003 – 4,000 non-intentional fires – Deaths – 330 – Injuries – 580 – $115MM – property damage – Annual average Societal costs of addressable fire losses=$1.9 billion
  48. 48. Residential Fire Sources – North America – update Mattresses/Bedding – Average annual losses based on 1999-2002 estimates – 15,300 fires – Deaths – 350 – Injuries – 185
  49. 49. North America – Residential/Commercial Status of New Regulations California – AB603 Mattress – open flame – TB604 Bedding – open flame (filled products only) In development – TB 117+ Upholstered furniture (updating 2002)
  50. 50. North America – Residential/Commercial Status of New Regulations CPSC – preempts state rulings – Mattress FR published 1/13/05 CFF #1633 Effective July 2007 – Upholstered Furniture ANPR 10/04 (revised) Last revision 1/06 (includes ignition of both smoldering and open flame sources) Cost benefit analysis, study health risks on FR foams, pursue study on safe cigarette regulations – Bedding ANPR 1/11/06 (not only filled products) Effectiveness of performance measures, alternatives, practicality, costs TBD
  51. 51. CPSC – 3 Step Process ANPR – Advance Notice of Proposed Policy NPR – Notice of Proposed Policy FR – Final Rule includes date when mfgrs and importers must comply
  52. 52. New Developments ……and the Future
  53. 53. New Developments Inherent FR polyester and: – Inherent anti-microbial – High shrink fiber – Monofilament – High heat
  54. 54. Thank You Questions?

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