The Cold War 1945-The Cold War 1945-
19911991
Two sides of Cold War
• NATO – North
Atlantic Treaty
Organization
• USA, France, Great
Britain, West
Germany
• CAPITALISMC...
Cold War
• The Cold War was a time after WW2 when
the USA and the Soviet Union were rivals
for world influence.
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty
Organization
YALTA (in the USSR)YALTA (in the USSR)
Date: Feb 1945Date: Feb 1945
Present: Churchill,Present: Churchill,
Roosevelt and S...
POTSDAM (Germany)POTSDAM (Germany)
Date: July 1945Date: July 1945
Present: Churchill,Present: Churchill,
Truman and Stalin...
Iron CurtainIron Curtain ––
A term used byA term used by
Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill
to describe theto describe the...
Improve your knowledge
• The Russians took very high casualties to
capture Berlin in May 1945. They spent the
early occupa...
Berlin Wall
• Berlin is Germany’s capital
city.
• The Soviets built the wall to
keep communists from escaping
to the Ameri...
Berlin WallBerlin Wall
Wall torn down in 1989.
Improve your knowledge
• The nuclear bomb gave America a lead
which was expected to last at least 5
years. The rapid Russi...
Marshall Plan
USA’s plan to send food,
blankets, fuel to Europe to
help them. AND to keep
them from turning
communist.
Berlin blockade led to Berlin
Airlift
Space Race
• The USA and the Soviet Union raced as the
world watched to be the first to conquer
space.
1957 Sputnik – first satellite
Score 1 for Soviets!
First man in space
• Score: USA – 0
• Soviets - 2
Apollo program
• USA spent the
60s trying to
catch up to the
Soviets.
Armstrong lands on moon!
• What is the
purpose of a
space
program?
Nuclear Missiles!
Truman Doctrine
The Truman Doctrine in
March 1947 promised
that the USA “would
support free peoples who
are resisting”
com...
Domino Theory
Communism spreads like a disease
Korea and Vietnam
• USA tried to contain
communism. In both wars,
communist troops fought
armies trained and funded by
the...
Communists
invaded
from the
north.
China sent a
million
troops to
help reds.
Korean War
• After the failure of the promise of Korean
independence by the Allied nations, on June
25, 1950, communist No...
What is the United Nations?
United Nations
• International
Organization
where countries
try to find
peaceful
solutions
United Nations
• It has no army but uses troops from other
countries.
Vietnam War 1960s-1973
• Through the Kennedy years, US
troops trained S. Vietnamese
troops to fight the Reds.
• After the ...
Vietnam, 1968
Helicopters!
Napalm!
Seeing this on TV led to aSeeing this on TV led to a
loss of support at homeloss of support at home
Hippie bashing!!!Hippie bashing!!!
Hippies/Anti-war
Meanwhile. . .
• After Korea and before
Vietnam got really bad,
America felt they had a
problem closer to home.
Bay of Pigs
• The CIA trained
and funded an
invasion of
communist Cuba.
The invasion failed,
and Castro had
some powerful
...
Soviet response.
• Don’t worry comrade
Castro. We got your
back!
A U2 spy plane found these missile
silos in Cuba, 1962.
Kennedy Khrushchev
People built more bomb shelters.
End to a crisis!
• The Soviets
removed the
missiles in Cuba.
• In exchange, USA
pledged to not
invade Cuba again.
And to r...
Afterward
• A direct phone
line was set up
between their
offices to
bypass other
channels.
November 22, 1963
• LBJ took the
Presidency
• JFK was shot
in Dallas
How did the USA try to contain
communism?
Marshall Plan – helped countries
economically so they won’t go
red.
Helped anti-communist troops
Embargoes
• Refusing to
trade or aid
countries in
order to
punish them
Cuba embargo
• Still today, the USA
has an economic
embargo on
communist Cuba.
• Their only cars are
from before the
embar...
Castro is still alive!
This powerpoint was kindly donated to
www.worldofteaching.com
http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a
thousand po...
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Coldwar

  1. 1. The Cold War 1945-The Cold War 1945- 19911991
  2. 2. Two sides of Cold War • NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization • USA, France, Great Britain, West Germany • CAPITALISMCAPITALISM • Warsaw Pact – pro Soviet countries – USSR, and all countries controlled by the USSR. • COMMUNISM
  3. 3. Cold War • The Cold War was a time after WW2 when the USA and the Soviet Union were rivals for world influence.
  4. 4. NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  5. 5. YALTA (in the USSR)YALTA (in the USSR) Date: Feb 1945Date: Feb 1945 Present: Churchill,Present: Churchill, Roosevelt and StalinRoosevelt and Stalin
  6. 6. POTSDAM (Germany)POTSDAM (Germany) Date: July 1945Date: July 1945 Present: Churchill,Present: Churchill, Truman and StalinTruman and Stalin
  7. 7. Iron CurtainIron Curtain –– A term used byA term used by Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill to describe theto describe the separating ofseparating of Those communistThose communist lands of Eastlands of East Europe from theEurope from the West.West.
  8. 8. Improve your knowledge • The Russians took very high casualties to capture Berlin in May 1945. They spent the early occupation trying to take over all zones of the city but were stopped by German democrats such as Willy Brandt and Konrad Adenauer. Reluctantly the Russians had to admit the Americans, French and British to their respective zones.
  9. 9. Berlin Wall • Berlin is Germany’s capital city. • The Soviets built the wall to keep communists from escaping to the American sector.
  10. 10. Berlin WallBerlin Wall
  11. 11. Wall torn down in 1989.
  12. 12. Improve your knowledge • The nuclear bomb gave America a lead which was expected to last at least 5 years. The rapid Russian development of nuclear technology, helped by the work of the “atom spies” was a shock. Significantly, Russia hurriedly declared war against Japan at the beginning of August 1945 and rushed to advance into Asia to stake out a position for the post- war settlement. This helped make both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts more likely.
  13. 13. Marshall Plan USA’s plan to send food, blankets, fuel to Europe to help them. AND to keep them from turning communist.
  14. 14. Berlin blockade led to Berlin Airlift
  15. 15. Space Race • The USA and the Soviet Union raced as the world watched to be the first to conquer space.
  16. 16. 1957 Sputnik – first satellite Score 1 for Soviets!
  17. 17. First man in space • Score: USA – 0 • Soviets - 2
  18. 18. Apollo program • USA spent the 60s trying to catch up to the Soviets.
  19. 19. Armstrong lands on moon! • What is the purpose of a space program?
  20. 20. Nuclear Missiles!
  21. 21. Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine in March 1947 promised that the USA “would support free peoples who are resisting” communism. This led to containment – policy of containing communism where it is.
  22. 22. Domino Theory Communism spreads like a disease
  23. 23. Korea and Vietnam • USA tried to contain communism. In both wars, communist troops fought armies trained and funded by the USA.
  24. 24. Communists invaded from the north. China sent a million troops to help reds.
  25. 25. Korean War • After the failure of the promise of Korean independence by the Allied nations, on June 25, 1950, communist North Korean troops invaded South Korea. Poorly armed, the South Koreans were no match for the North. The United Nations ordered North Korea to withdraw its troops. General MacArthur was appointed to command all UN troops in Korea. After three years of fighting a stalemate, more than 54,000 American troops perished.
  26. 26. What is the United Nations?
  27. 27. United Nations • International Organization where countries try to find peaceful solutions
  28. 28. United Nations • It has no army but uses troops from other countries.
  29. 29. Vietnam War 1960s-1973 • Through the Kennedy years, US troops trained S. Vietnamese troops to fight the Reds. • After the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, under LBJ, US troops started to fight more.
  30. 30. Vietnam, 1968
  31. 31. Helicopters!
  32. 32. Napalm!
  33. 33. Seeing this on TV led to aSeeing this on TV led to a loss of support at homeloss of support at home
  34. 34. Hippie bashing!!!Hippie bashing!!!
  35. 35. Hippies/Anti-war
  36. 36. Meanwhile. . . • After Korea and before Vietnam got really bad, America felt they had a problem closer to home.
  37. 37. Bay of Pigs • The CIA trained and funded an invasion of communist Cuba. The invasion failed, and Castro had some powerful friends!
  38. 38. Soviet response. • Don’t worry comrade Castro. We got your back!
  39. 39. A U2 spy plane found these missile silos in Cuba, 1962.
  40. 40. Kennedy Khrushchev
  41. 41. People built more bomb shelters.
  42. 42. End to a crisis! • The Soviets removed the missiles in Cuba. • In exchange, USA pledged to not invade Cuba again. And to remove missiles in Turkey (right).
  43. 43. Afterward • A direct phone line was set up between their offices to bypass other channels.
  44. 44. November 22, 1963 • LBJ took the Presidency • JFK was shot in Dallas
  45. 45. How did the USA try to contain communism?
  46. 46. Marshall Plan – helped countries economically so they won’t go red.
  47. 47. Helped anti-communist troops
  48. 48. Embargoes • Refusing to trade or aid countries in order to punish them
  49. 49. Cuba embargo • Still today, the USA has an economic embargo on communist Cuba. • Their only cars are from before the embargo!
  50. 50. Castro is still alive!
  51. 51. This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching.
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