Introduction to the industrial revolut
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Introduction to the industrial revolut Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to the Industrial Revolution 9 TH G R A D E W O R L D H I S T O R Y
  • 2. “Necessity is the mother of invention,” Quote by the Ancient Greek Philosopher Plato. This Quote will be our theme through the Industrial Revolution. What does this quote mean?
  • 3. Then Industrial Revolution Let’s break this down between the two words: Industry- being involved in business activity. Revolution- A major change or changing event. So….the Industrial Revolution was: a major change in types of business and activities of businesses.
  • 4. Changes in Business The “business” of humans has shifted 3 major times throughout history. Our first business- Hunting and gathering for food (Pre-Civilization). Our second business- Farming (the beginning of cities and civilization). Our third business- Industry in 1815 (factories, cities, machines, mass production)
  • 5. Concepts in this unit:1. Cause and Effect- How one event leads to another2. Problems and Solutions3. Needs and Solutions4. An increase in Capitalism $$$; cause for shift in farm econ and econ based on manufacturing; investment, market systems; overcrowding/urbanization5. Improvements in technology, medicine, law and government; importance of inventions6. A new shift in thought after end of the Enlightenment
  • 6. Review of Past Movements and Locations Movement ---------- Starting Location 1. Christianity ------- Rome, Italy 2. Renaissance ----- Florence, Italy 3. Protestant Reformation ------Germany 4. Enlightenment----- Paris, France 5. Industrial Revolution ----- England
  • 7. The Goals of the Industrial Rev. Make more products for less money at a faster pace. Use cheap labor (pay workers less) and raise prices to make more money. Use more technology and more workers to make products faster. Gain a monopoly over an industry and control prices. What problems do you see with these goals?
  • 8. Thinking of Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson-3rd United States President, saw the Industrial Revolution coming from Britain. Jefferson was opposed to idea of Industrialization. Believed that moving from an agricultural economy to a business/industry economy would MORALLY destroy society. Why did Jefferson believe this? Do you agree with him?
  • 9. Pros and Cons List On your notes, create a chart listing the good and bad effects: moving from a farm based economy to an industrial based economy and the impacts it had on society. Things to think about: What kind of society do we have in St. Louis? How is society different in areas that focus on farming, rather than industry?
  • 10. Final Task After looking at your pros and cons chart, write a paragraph that explains whether you do or do not agree with Jefferson’s idea. What good/bad things do you think came from the shift of farm based economy to an industry based economy?