Trends in Livestock Production and Consumption - Michael Appleby, Chief Scientific Advisor, World Society for the Protection of Animals

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During a workshop at the London International Development Centre on 12 June 2009, Michael Appleby argued that animal welfare matters: to animals, to people and to the environment.

During a workshop at the London International Development Centre on 12 June 2009, Michael Appleby argued that animal welfare matters: to animals, to people and to the environment.

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  • The stakes have got higher Is talking about animal welfare “fiddling while Rome burns” – or, even worse, “fiddling while the world burns”? No
  • Management affects welfare (trivially) Management affects major problems and solutions Focusing on the animal at the centre of the issue – taking a biological/ecological approach to agriculture (and management of other animals) – increases the chance both of solutions and of improving welfare. There are counterexamples (e.g. slow growing breeds probably positive for welfare, negative for energy use) but strong positive examples (e.g. grazing and carbon sequestration vs. intensive housing) and I argue that on balance this increased emphasis on animals will be positive for welfare – and similarly that an increased emphasis on animal welfare will be positive for solutions

Transcript

  • 1. to animals, people and environment Mike Appleby Chief scientific adviser Animal welfare matters
  • 2. Climate change
    • Livestock sector responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas emissions
    • Meat and milk production projected to double by 2050
    • FAO 2006
  • 3.  
  • 4. Intensive farming 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 <500 500-1000 1000-2000 >2000 Farm size Area per pig (m 2 )
  • 5. Prospects in S. Korea
    • Further growth of intensive farming
    • Environmentally friendly payment scheme
      • Reducing manure production
      • Reducing animal numbers
      • Reducing antibiotic use
  • 6. Livestock’s Long Shadow: Systems
    • Grazing (> 10% dry feed matter produced on farm, <10 livestock units/ha)
    • Rainfed mixed (> 90% non-livestock farm production from rain fed land use)
    • Irrigated mixed (> 10% non-livestock farm production from irrigated land use)
    • Landless/industrial (< 10% dry feed matter produced on farm, >10 livestock units/ha)
  • 7. Intensiveness Years
  • 8. Five Freedoms
    • Freedom from hunger and thirst
    • Freedom from discomfort
    • Freedom from pain, injury, disease
    • Freedom to express normal behaviour
    • Freedom from fear and distress
    • UK’s Farm Animal Welfare Council
  • 9. Sustainable livestock production
    • Ecologically sound, economically
    • viable, socially just and humane
    • Problems and solutions depend on:
    • Numbers of animals
    • Type of animals (ruminants vs others)
    • Management: housing, feeding, manure treatment
    • Processing, transport
    • Ecological
    • Economical
    • Ethical
  • 10.  
  • 11. Climate change & sustainability Human health Poverty & hunger reduction Animal management Disaster management Social development
  • 12.  
  • 13.
    • A billion of the world’s poorest people depend on animals for food, income, social status or cultural identification, as well as companionship and security
  • 14. Taking the arguments seriously
    • EU
    • Animal Welfare Action Plan
    • Intergovernmental organizations
      • International Finance Corporation
      • UN Food & Agriculture Org.
        • Good Agricultural Practices
        • Capacity building
      • OIE
        • Animal welfare standards
      • WTO ?
  • 15. Climate change & sustainability Human health Poverty & hunger reduction Animal management Disaster management Social development Animal neglect negative effects Animal care positive effects
  • 16.