Adi Shankara (509 BC - 477 BC) was an Indian philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta, a sub-school of Vedanta. His teachings are based on the unity of the soul and Brahman, in which Brahman is viewed as without attributes. In the Smārta tradition, Adi Shankara is regarded as an incarnation of Shiva.
Shankara travelled across India to propagate his philosophy through discourses and debates with other thinkers. He founded four mathas ("monasteries"), which helped in the historical development, revival and spread of post-Buddhist Hinduism and Advaita Vedanta. Adi Shankara is believed to be the founder of the Dashanami monastic order and the Shanmata tradition of worship.
Kali is a Hindu goddess associated with death and destruction.
The name Kali means "black", but has come to mean "force of time". Despite her negative connotations, she is today considered the goddess of time and change.
Although sometimes presented as dark and violent, her earliest incarnation as a figure of annihilation still has some influence.
Shiva is the supreme God of Hinduism. He is one of the five primary forms of God.
Followers of Hinduism who focus their worship upon Shiva are called Shaivites or Shaivas.
In images, he is generally represented as immersed in deep meditation or dancing.
Thuggee (or tuggee, ठग्गी ) (from Hindi thag ‘thief’, from Sanskrit sthaga ‘scoundrel’, from sthagati ‘to conceal’) was an Indian network of secret fraternities engaged in murdering and robbing travellers, operating from at least the 17th century (and possibly as early as 13th century) to the 19th century. The group are the origin of the term " thug ", as many Indian words passed into common English during British Imperial rule of India.
Formed by many diverse traditions and ideas and does NOT have one Founder.
No Universal moral code
No Central Authority
Concept of God
The Truth (aka Supreme Reality) is one
Supreme Reality is worshipped in male and female form.
Hindu Deities represent various perceptions of a one God:
“ monotheistic polytheism,” rather than polytheism.
Three main gods
GOD= Creation + Preservation+ Dissolution + G enerator + O perator + D estroyer
Hinduism believes in only one God but allows its followers to worship the God in many forms such as nature (including trees, sun, idols, animals, etc.) and persons (Lord Krishna, Lord Rama, Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, etc.).
Lord Brahma, the creator god of the Trinity Lord Vishnu, the preserver god of the Trinity Lord Rama, destroyer of evil
Lord Shiva, the "giver" god. Lord Ganesh, god of knowledge Lord Krishna, destroyer of evil
Devi: Hindu mother goddess; supreme power in the universe.