GREEN CAPITALISM:<br />A Failure<br />
GhassanKaram<br />
“To be the doctor who sees the marks of death in a community that believes itself well and does not want to be told otherw...
<ul><li>Leopold                               *Mill
Roegen                                *Malthus
Daly                                      *Zizek
Naess                                   *Harvey
Hardin                                  *Foster
Bookchin                             *Wilson
Mumford                            *Marx
Ehrlich                                 *Goodwin
Hansen                                *Lovelock
Diamond                             *Sagoff
Speth                                   *Taintter</li></ul>References<br />
Total failure at all levels<br />Deal with superficial only<br />Emphasize symptoms<br />Never go to the root<br />Avoid r...
<ul><li>Net Primary Production
3/9 Planetary boundaries have been breeched
Millennium  Ecosystem assessment Study.
Lovelock /Hansen /Speth projections
Peak Oil
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This powerpoint presentation is a condensed outline of a lecture that I gave at Pace University during the Earth Day 2011 celebrations. I would be happy to respond to requests for further clarifications. I can be reached at:

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  1. 1. GREEN CAPITALISM:<br />A Failure<br />
  2. 2. GhassanKaram<br />
  3. 3. “To be the doctor who sees the marks of death in a community that believes itself well and does not want to be told otherwise”<br />ECOLOGIST: (Leopold)<br />
  4. 4. <ul><li>Leopold *Mill
  5. 5. Roegen *Malthus
  6. 6. Daly *Zizek
  7. 7. Naess *Harvey
  8. 8. Hardin *Foster
  9. 9. Bookchin *Wilson
  10. 10. Mumford *Marx
  11. 11. Ehrlich *Goodwin
  12. 12. Hansen *Lovelock
  13. 13. Diamond *Sagoff
  14. 14. Speth *Taintter</li></ul>References<br />
  15. 15. Total failure at all levels<br />Deal with superficial only<br />Emphasize symptoms<br />Never go to the root<br />Avoid rocking the boat<br />(teach what is known to be false)<br />ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li>Net Primary Production
  17. 17. 3/9 Planetary boundaries have been breeched
  18. 18. Millennium Ecosystem assessment Study.
  19. 19. Lovelock /Hansen /Speth projections
  20. 20. Peak Oil
  21. 21. Fisheries
  22. 22. I=f(P,A,T)
  23. 23. Water Scarcity
  24. 24. Desertification
  25. 25. Ecological foot print</li></ul>Signs, concepts & indicators of ecological degradation<br />
  26. 26. Solution is NOT in ecology itself.<br />Apply principle of Specificity.<br />Call for a radical change in structure that created the problem: CAPITALISM<br />What to do?<br />
  27. 27. What is it that we wish to sustain?<br />Intergenerational equity<br />Veil of Ignorance<br />Pareto Optimality<br />Free market cannot guarantee sustainability<br />Allocations always favour the present<br />Sustainability<br />
  28. 28. 2nd Law of Thermodynamics<br />The more we do the less we have<br />Substitutability vs Complimentarity<br />Simplicity: Is it possible to revert to it?<br />Entropy & Sustainability<br />
  29. 29. Popularized by Daly<br />Given rise to CASSE<br />New Economics Foundation Tim Jackson<br />New Economics Institute Goodwin<br />Basic premise: Constant human population and constant physical output<br />Steady State: A Possible Way Out<br />
  30. 30. Competition and Tragedy of the Commons<br />New Indulgances (Ex. BAU and organic)<br />Greenwashing (Pretense: Climate Change)<br />Three R’s (Is Recycling the only one compatable with perpetual growth?)<br />Brown even wrote about a world with no need for new extracting activities lol.<br />Capitalism, ecological crisis, economic and financial crisis. <br />Critiques of Green Capitalism<br />
  31. 31. Growth vs limits<br />Could system be reformed ? (Not if the privileges of the global elite are maintained)<br />Climate change is the product of a specific economic system and its negative effects fall primarily on those least responsible for the crisis.<br />Critique cont.<br />
  32. 32. Green Capitalist( Hawken, Brown, Cairncross, Lovin, Gore…)<br />Belief to de-couple growth from carbon<br />Efficiency leads to more and not less.<br />De materialization is quite limited<br />Green often creates new problems ( Cut the amazon to plant sugar cane for organic food stores and farm raised fish; certified wood)<br />Technological solution<br />
  33. 33. <ul><li>In Us energy intensity dropped but energy usage increased.
  34. 34. EV vs source for electricity
  35. 35. Priusvs Nickel
  36. 36. 60% of car pollution is in production
  37. 37. Clean Energy and base load</li></ul>Green Gone Wrong<br />
  38. 38. Market based solutions have aggravated the problems:<br /> organic<br /> eco architecture<br /> bio fuels<br /> hybrid cars<br /> carbon offsets<br /> clean coal <br />Green Gone Wrong<br />
  39. 39. Kyoto failed (Gr. & UK only 2 to meet target)<br />Cap & Trade failed ( because of T. of Commons)<br />Carbon Tax failed (They were kept too low)<br />Can we decrease carbon foot print and use non conventional oil?<br />Democrats and Republicans (RR, Bush Sr; Bush Jr ;Clinton and Obama oppose carbon taxes)<br />Climate Change and Green Capitalists<br />
  40. 40. <ul><li>His is an “unquestioned belief that the answers to every human dilemma and desire is a gizmo… the very attitude that gave us Global warming to begin with”
  41. 41. How about abolishing obscene excesses, a modicum of equitable distribution? How about asking whether we are of the same specie , members of the same family and citizens of the same community?
  42. 42. Is there a moral obligation to others?</li></ul>Gore ….<br />
  43. 43. Daily consumption 200 million B. Equivalent <br />Renewables represent 0.6%<br />The above indicates that large cuts are required but not for Green Capitalists: Sternest 1% cost in UK and Krugman 1.1-3% for US. ( That does not make any sense)<br />Stern targets 550ppm when Hansen speaks of 350ppm.<br />550 ppm increase temp. by 3C (That’s where we were 3 million years ago)<br />Green Capitalism vs Science<br />
  44. 44. <ul><li>Green Capitalists are dreaming
  45. 45. View that Max. exploitation and saving the planet are compatible is a farce.
  46. 46. CEO’s max for shareholders and not the public good.
  47. 47. Green Capitalists have been trying for 30 years: Eco system is still collapsing
  48. 48. Their diagnosis is accurate but their prescription is wrong
  49. 49. Underestimate severity of eco crisis and overestimate de-materialization
  50. 50. They conveniently forget that consumerism is not dispensable.
  51. 51. This is a capitalist crisis. It is about mode of production and system architecture.
  52. 52. Capitalist system carries within it the seeds of its own destruction since growth is not sustainable.
  53. 53. Einstein:” Insanity is to do the same thing over and over againbutexpecta different outcome”</li></ul>Conclusion<br />
  54. 54. <ul><li>There is a crisis of capitalism that manifests itself in Econ. Finance and Ecological spheres.
  55. 55. Green Capitalism is for the Environment as long as it can profit from it.
  56. 56. Easterbrook: “What’s in it for me?”
  57. 57. Green Capitalism is the problem and so it cannot be the solution.
  58. 58. Capitalism cannot be reformed. (It cannot survive on a reduced level of intensity).</li></li></ul><li>Capitalism is root cause, it is the historical roots; it is an infinite project in a finite world.<br />“Only mad men and economists believe in infinite growth in a finite world.”<br />Can we afford to wait for the revolution/transformation? No. That is why catastrophe IS the future if we keep our timid responses.<br />Continued:<br />
  59. 59. Speth:<br /> In the end we need to trigger a response that in historical terms will come to be seen as revolutionary. Only such a response is likely to avert huge and even catastrophic environmental losses.<br />Continued II<br />