Mecca is governed by the Municipality of Mecca , headed by a mayor (Also known as Amir ) appointed by the Saudi Government. The current mayor of the city is Osama Al-Bar . A municipal council of fourteen locally elected members is responsible for the functioning of the municipality.
Mecca is the capital of Makkah Province, which includes neighboring Jeddah. The governor was Prince Abdul Majeed bin Abdul Aziz from 2000 until his death in 2007. On May 16, 2007, Prince Khalid al Faisal was appointed as the new governor.
The Mayor and municipal council have limited authority and power.
The King of Saudi Arabia in his role as protector of the two holiest cities of Islam, Mecca and Madinah, which had traditionally been the role of the Caliph (but soon the caliphate was to lose political control over the Arabian peninsula), later falling to the Grand Sharif of Mecca.