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Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
Assignment 2   Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final
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Assignment 2 Group Presentation Regional Economic Development East Timor Final

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It's my presentation for my Assignment on Regional Economic Development Course

It's my presentation for my Assignment on Regional Economic Development Course

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    • 1. East Timor, The New Democratic Nation By Quang Trong Hieu Lynda Browning, Raelene Lister and Febry Soebagio
    • 2. vision Creating Political and Social Stability to Develop as an Independent Nation Vision
    • 3. History <ul><li>1520 – Colonized by portuguse </li></ul><ul><li>1613 – Dutch took control of western portion </li></ul><ul><li>1860 – Portugal &amp; Netherlands fought until a treaty was reached </li></ul><ul><li>World War II – Australia &amp; Japan fought each other on the island </li></ul><ul><li>1975 – Portuguese pulled out </li></ul>
    • 4. Recent History <ul><li>1972 – 1999, Indonesia Occupation </li></ul><ul><li>30 th of August 1999, National Referendum </li></ul><ul><li>20 th of May 2002, Nationhood was declared. President Xanana Gusmao was elected </li></ul><ul><li>April 2007, To end domestic chaos, New President Election was held and Jose Ramos Horta became President and Xanana Gusmao was elected as the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>February 2008, President Ramos Horta survived an assassination attempt by Rebel Army </li></ul>
    • 5. Background Religion, ethnicity &amp; language <ul><li>97% population are Roman Catholic, 1% Muslims, 1% Protestants and 1% others </li></ul><ul><li>The Timorese consist of a number of distinct ethnic groups, most of whom are of mixed Malayo-Polynesian and Melanesian/Papuan Descent </li></ul><ul><li>Language: two official languages are Portuguese, and Tetun, which belongs to the Austronesian family of languages </li></ul><ul><li>Another fifteen indigenous languages are spoken </li></ul>
    • 6. Background Health <ul><li>There are only 10 hospitals in East Timor with about 155 doctors and 1355 nurses for a population of 80,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure, material and human resource are extremely poor </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition and tuberculosis is rife in the country </li></ul><ul><li>The population has a deep distrust of the doctors working in the puskesmas (popular health dispensary) </li></ul><ul><li>Most of Doctors are Indonesian medical students coming to East Timor for internship. </li></ul><ul><li>The East Timorese population is ignorant of disease and hygiene control </li></ul><ul><li>Timor-Leste has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the region </li></ul>
    • 7. Current Situation <ul><li>Looking at the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of : </li></ul><ul><li>Geography/environment </li></ul><ul><li>Social and political </li></ul><ul><li>Education and employment </li></ul><ul><li>Economic assets and existing infrastructure </li></ul>
    • 8. Geography/Environment <ul><li>Area – 15,007 km3 </li></ul><ul><li>Climate – Tropical, hot, humid, distinct rainy &amp; dry seasons </li></ul><ul><li>Terrain – Mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>Elevation – Highest point Foto Tatamailao 2,963m </li></ul>
    • 9. Geography/Environment Cont... <ul><li>Land uses * arable land </li></ul><ul><li>* permanet crops </li></ul><ul><li>* other </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigated land – 1,005 km2 </li></ul>
    • 10. Geography/Environment <ul><li>Positives </li></ul>Negatives
    • 11. Geography/Environment <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources – gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble </li></ul><ul><li>Threats </li></ul>
    • 12. Social (Demographics, religion &amp; ethnicity) <ul><li>Population : 952,618 (July 2002, est.); Growth Rate : 2,06% (2006 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality : 51.99 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est. ) Density per sq mi : 192 </li></ul><ul><li>Life Expectancy at birth: male : 62.64 years female : 67.17 years (2002 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Birth rate: 28.07 births/1,000 population (2002 est.), Death rate: 6.52 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) </li></ul>
    • 13. Social (Demographics, religion &amp; ethnicity) <ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>- Annual GDP per capita is only USD$367 </li></ul><ul><li>- Population increases at 5.36% per year </li></ul><ul><li>- More than 60 per cent of the population is under age 18. </li></ul><ul><li>- unemployment rate is currently 43 per cent among young urban males </li></ul><ul><li>- Literacy rates are low </li></ul><ul><li>- Catholic is the dominating religion in the country </li></ul><ul><li>- The average life expectancy for males is 55 years and for females 58 years </li></ul><ul><li>- The population is highly heterogeneous and aside from East Timorese includes a small fraction of people who are not ethnically East Timorese: including Chinese merchants, descendants of Arab migrants and Indonesians who married East Timorese </li></ul>
    • 14. Social (Demographics, religion &amp; ethnicity) <ul><li>Positives </li></ul><ul><li>- There is one dominant religion (Roman Catholic) </li></ul><ul><li>- Many Timorese are coming back to the country. </li></ul><ul><li>- Many efforts have been made to improve the country by Timorese leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Negatives </li></ul><ul><li>- Violence is rampant in the country and police not capable of enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>- Contaminated drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor nutrition exacerbate the health risks. </li></ul><ul><li>- There is a current population distrust with the government administration </li></ul>
    • 15. Social <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>- An opportunity existed for the new country to establish innovative participatory practices in governance, defense and its economy </li></ul><ul><li>- With the support from many countries, East Timor is striving to solve basic issues </li></ul><ul><li>Threats </li></ul><ul><li>- The population security issues remain unresolved. </li></ul><ul><li>- Problems with implementation of social projects, governance and corruption. </li></ul><ul><li>- The system of law is not clear </li></ul>
    • 16. Political
    • 17. Education <ul><li>Before 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>- (Portuguese Occupation) : Literacy Rate 10% </li></ul><ul><li>- Since 1959 the number of elementary school rose from 9898 to 27299 in 1969. </li></ul><ul><li>- Lack of teachers, very few Timorese had more than primary school education </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesia Occupation (1975-1999) </li></ul><ul><li>- The number of schools multiplied and every village had a primary school </li></ul><ul><li>- In 1995 33.1% of Timorese aged15+ had completed Primary School </li></ul><ul><li>- Higher Education was developed, the University of East Timor was established </li></ul><ul><li>- Many East Timor Students study in many Indonesia universities and abroad </li></ul>
    • 18. Education <ul><li>Positives </li></ul><ul><li>- Quite a number of East Timorese are well educated, </li></ul><ul><li>- The foundation for education has been established since Portuguese and Indonesia occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Negatives </li></ul><ul><li>- The language used in varies Portugese, Indonesian &amp; Tatum </li></ul><ul><li>- Teachers lack basic teaching skills </li></ul><ul><li>- Students’ poverty restricts ability to purchase books and school equipments </li></ul><ul><li>- Low wage of teachers </li></ul>
    • 19. Education <ul><li>Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>- The education facilities, destroyed during the conflict, could be reconstructed and used again </li></ul><ul><li>- Many East Timorese children have chance to continue their education after the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>- The improvement of teaching quality due to foreign assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Threats </li></ul><ul><li>- Low wages discourage young people from becoming teachers </li></ul><ul><li>- The long process of rebuilding education facilities could hamper the teaching activities </li></ul><ul><li>- The increase of Illiteracy rate </li></ul>
    • 20. Employment <ul><li>Type of Jobs in East Timor : </li></ul><ul><li>Government Employee </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Employment </li></ul><ul><li>- Contracting; Taxi Driver, Money Changer in Black Market, Agricultural activities </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>- Security, Hotel &amp; Restaurant Staff, </li></ul><ul><li>Retail Staff </li></ul>
    • 21. Employment <ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Vacancies and Business Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of unemployed are Unskilled and Uneducated </li></ul><ul><li>No worker rights </li></ul>
    • 22. Economic assets &amp; existing infrastructure <ul><li>Conflict prior to and since independence has resulted in loss or deterioration of : </li></ul><ul><li>Power supply </li></ul><ul><li>Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Road Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Communication Networks </li></ul>
    • 23. Economic assets &amp; existing infrastructure <ul><li>Improvements in infrastructure are vital for all sectors of East Timor growth: </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery of government services </li></ul><ul><li>Health services </li></ul>
    • 24. Economic assets &amp; existing infrastructure <ul><li>Assets : </li></ul><ul><li>International Support </li></ul><ul><li>Gas and Oil fields </li></ul>
    • 25. Economic assets &amp; existing infrastructure <ul><li>Issues : </li></ul><ul><li>No local experience/knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Possible continuing political instability and violence </li></ul>
    • 26. Goals and desired outcomes <ul><li>Improved health </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Basic infrastructure </li></ul>
    • 27. Strategy 1. Health <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>- Create Better Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>- Improve Health Condition and Understanding within Community </li></ul><ul><li>- Reduce The Mortality Rate </li></ul><ul><li>How (do it) </li></ul><ul><li>- Allocate Budget to Build Better Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>- Train Local Community Leaders to be Health Facilitator Programme </li></ul><ul><li>- Build Health Centre in Every Community </li></ul><ul><li>How (Measure) </li></ul><ul><li>Short Term Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe </li></ul><ul><li>6 Month </li></ul>
    • 28. Strategy 2. Education <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide better education facilities for East Timorese </li></ul><ul><li>- Improving Living Standard of teachers </li></ul><ul><li>How (do it) </li></ul><ul><li>- Rebuilding program for destroyed primary schools </li></ul><ul><li>- Increase teacher’s salaries </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide free accommodation for teachers and school staff </li></ul><ul><li>- Build new higher education institutions in areas outside Dili </li></ul><ul><li>- Create Teacher training curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>- Recruit new teachers from young people </li></ul><ul><li>How (Measure) </li></ul><ul><li>Short Term Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe </li></ul><ul><li>7 Years </li></ul>
    • 29. Strategy 3. Employment <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>- Encourage People to Start Self-Employment </li></ul><ul><li>- Reduce The Number of Unskilled Labour </li></ul><ul><li>- Open New Jobs in Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>How To Do It </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide Microcredit Program to Run Small Scale Business and Entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>- Build Government Training Institution to Increase The Number of Skilled Labour </li></ul><ul><li>- Create Political and Social Stability for Investment </li></ul><ul><li>- Open New Land for Agriculture Activities, especially Coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Measures </li></ul><ul><li>- Short Term Plan </li></ul><ul><li>TimeFrame </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 to 3 years </li></ul>
    • 30. Strategy 4. Basic Infrastructure <ul><li>Goal : Diversity of power production, Increase in power availability to rural households, reduction in power costs;. </li></ul><ul><li>By : Implementation of the Rural Electrification Masterplan ; Completion of Ira Lalaro Hydropower Project. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Power production increased, reduction in diesel usage resulting in lower costs – less illegal tapping of power lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe: Five Years </li></ul>
    • 31. Strategy 4. Basic Infrastructure <ul><li>Goal : Water and Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>By : Government to contract foreign water and sanitation engineers to investigate and implement a program to supply clean water and septic sanitation systems to every village. </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Reduction in deaths from cholera; reduced infant mortality. </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe: Fifteen Years </li></ul>
    • 32. Strategy 4. Basic Infrastructure <ul><li>Goal : A maintained road network </li></ul><ul><li>By : Implementation of the road investment plan prepared by Asia Development Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Funded road work program for primary, secondary and regional roads. Increase of commercial &amp; domestic vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe: Ten Years </li></ul>
    • 33. Strategy 4. Basic Infrastructure <ul><li>Goal : Communication network </li></ul><ul><li>By : Introduction of competition in telecommunication providers. Legislation to implement a roll out of a village phone program </li></ul><ul><li>Result: Access to land line , increase in mobile phone usage and internet access. </li></ul><ul><li>Timeframe: Three Years </li></ul>
    • 34. Strategy 4 Improved security system <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>By 2013, East Timor will have a efficient working system of police force </li></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><li>Implement training program for police </li></ul><ul><li>Police supplied with sufficient equipment and transportation facility </li></ul><ul><li>A strict penalties and an effective legal system made to deter offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Effectively cooperate with international peace-keeping force and make the most of other countries’ support </li></ul>
    • 35. Strategy 4 Improved security system <ul><li>Goal </li></ul><ul><li>A clear system of law that is supported by the population </li></ul><ul><li>What </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperate with international consultants on the law system </li></ul><ul><li>The law expert and law students are exposed to experience from other new countries </li></ul><ul><li>The new law is made and the population’s opinion are surveyed </li></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance diplomacy and make most use of good relationships with different countries </li></ul><ul><li>Different communication channels with the community are established </li></ul><ul><li>Law makers and students are exposed to experience from other newly developed countries by international support </li></ul>
    • 36. &nbsp;
    • 37. Future <ul><li>East Timor has a multiple of issues to overcome before it can take its place as an independent nation. Issues around law and order, governance and poverty. </li></ul>
    • 38. Conclusion
    • 39. Thank-you
    • 40. Reference <ul><li>Information Please Database, 2007 Pearson Education [viewed 9 May 2008] http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0902237.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_East_Timor </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor </li></ul><ul><li>http://epress.anu.edu.au/oota/ch3.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aare.edu.au/02pap/bec02221.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.seasite.niu.edu/easttimor/background.htm#1.%20c.%20Demography </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ausaid.gov.au/country/country.cfm?CountryId=911 (population growth) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/Timorleste.html (population statistics) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0902237.html </li></ul>
    • 41. <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_East_Timor </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor </li></ul><ul><li>http://epress.anu.edu.au/oota/ch3.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aare.edu.au/02pap/bec02221.htm </li></ul>References (Education)

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