October 2, 1869 - January 30, 1948
Also Known As:
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Mahatma, Father of
the Nation, Bapu ("Father"), Gandhiji
At the age of thirteen
Mohandas was married to
The marriage had been
arranged for him by his
They had four sons.
The London Years 1888-1891
4 September 1888,Gandhi traveled
to London, England, to study law at
University College London and to
train as a barrister.
Gandhi reading the Bhagavad
The South Africa Years 1893-1914
At age 23, Gandhi once again left his
family behind and set off for South Africa.
Although Gandhi was hoping to earn a
little bit of money and to learn more about
Returning to India in 1915
In 1915, Gandhi returned from
South Africa to live in India.
He was primarily introduced to
Indian issues, politics and the
Indian people by Gopal Krishna
Gokhale, a respected leader of
the Congress Party at the time.
Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha(1916 to
1918) Gandhiji established an ashram in
He began leading the clean-up of
villages , building of schools and
He was joined by many young
nationalists including Brajkishore
Prasad,Rajendra Prasad,and Jawaharlal
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Tilak began teaching mathematics in a private school in
Pune and later became a journalist.
In 1916, Tilak decided to build a separate organization
called the 'Home Rule '.
His slogan “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it”
Bal Gangadhar Tilak died on August 1, 1920.
Rowlatt and Jallianwala Bagh
Rowlatt rule act by the British
April 13,1919 which happened to
be „baisakhi‟ at punjab
General dyer shooting on
jallianwala bagh approximately
1919-1924 : Khilafat Movment
It united the Hindus and Muslims,
and it showed that the Indians were
not ready to accept the British rule.
Many Muslims had given up their
jobs and students had given up their
education as boycott in 1920.
Kakori Train Robbery
9 August 1925 during the Indian
Independence Movement against the British
The robbery was organised by the Hindustan
The robbery was conceived by Ram Prasad
Bismil and Ashfaqullah Khan
1928 : Death of LalaLajpatRai
He was popularly known as Punjab
Kesari meaning the same and was part of the
Lal Bal Pal trio.
He sustained serious injuries by the police
when leading a non-violent protest against the
Simon Commission and died less than three