This presentation is
authorized for distribution
and use by Baltimore County
Public Schools personnel and
programs.
Other ...
Why is
Physical Education
Important?
This presentation will
provide facts from research
to support the need for
Physical A...
• Americans become
increasingly less active
with each year of age.
•Inactivity among children has
now been linked to seden...
• Evidence now
exists to show that
inactive children
and youth are
likely to become
inactive adults.
• Most chronic
illnesses, such as
heart diseases, are a
result of cumulative
unhealthy
lifestyles.

•What is done in
child...
STATUS OF
THE NATION
–
A NEED FOR
CHANGE

• The percentage of young people
who are overweight has more
than doubled in the...
STATUS OF THE NATION –
A NEED FOR CHANGE

• Nearly half of young people aged 12-21 are not
vigorously active on a regular ...
STATUS OF THE NATION –
A NEED FOR CHANGE
• Enrollment in daily physical education classes
dropped from 42% in 1991 to 25% ...
STATUS OF THE NATION –
A NEED FOR CHANGE
• More than 60% of adults do not achieve the
recommended amount of regular physic...
What does Physical
Activity do for the body?

• Helps
Control
Weight
Physical Activity
I feel better
already!

BUILDS AND
MAINTAINS
Healthy Bones
Lean Muscles
Joints
Physical Activity
Reduces
Body fat percentage
Blood pressure in some

adolescents with hypertension

Feelings of anxiety
F...
Physical Activity
May Prevent or
Delay
Physical Activity may also
reduce
Risk of dying prematurely.
Risk of dying from heart
disease.
Risk of developing diabe...
Research Indicates that
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
PROMOTES BRAIN
GROWTH &
DEVELOPMENT

WHICH LEADS TO
IMPROVED COGNITIVE
PERFORMAN...
Brain Development
Research Indicates that Physical Activity
• Improves ShortTerm Memory.
•Builds Heavier,
More Synaptic
Ri...
Activity improves cognitive performance
by increasing the number of brain capillaries.
at
This happens with regular aerobi...
Preschool through Elementary
To Increase Brain Growth &
Development
Focus on developing basic motor skills needed for
huma...
In order to promote brain growth and
development

Before the
age of 10
years…
• Motor skills and
pathways need to be
conti...
After 10 years of age and
Through middle and High
School

People continue to develop
motor pathways in the
brain.

How
do
...
NEW VIEW OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Greater health benefits can be achieved by
gradually increasing the amount of physical acti...
Why is Physical Education
Important?
Brain research clearly suggests:
that sensory and motor experiences
are imperative t...
A promising way to help people
include more physical activity in
their daily lives is…….

Quality,
Daily
Physical Educatio...
How much activity for
Elementary ages?
The National Association for Sport and Physical
Education (NASPE) offers these guid...
Children and youth will only learn skills
through continued participation in
physical activity.
Continued participation in...
How much activity is needed
for adolescents?

Surgeon
General
suggests

 Daily physical activity is best
almost daily is ...
How much activity
is needed for adults?
• Perform 20-30 minutes of
aerobic activity 3-5 times
per week.
• Incorporate life...
More Information can
be received from
American Alliance of Health, Physical
Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD),
190...
MORE INFORMATION
• Center for Disease
Control (CDC)
4770 Buford
Highway, NE
Atlanta, GA 30341
1-888-232-4674

• The Presid...
Baltimore County
Public Schools
Vision

All students will be physically
educated, having acquired motor skills
to perform...
The sun may set today,
but when it rises tomorrow,
you can exercise!
You have been a great
audience. Thank you.

THE END
Physical education
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  • Physical education

    1. 1. This presentation is authorized for distribution and use by Baltimore County Public Schools personnel and programs. Other uses and copying are prohibited.
    2. 2. Why is Physical Education Important? This presentation will provide facts from research to support the need for Physical Activity.
    3. 3. • Americans become increasingly less active with each year of age. •Inactivity among children has now been linked to sedentary living among adults.
    4. 4. • Evidence now exists to show that inactive children and youth are likely to become inactive adults.
    5. 5. • Most chronic illnesses, such as heart diseases, are a result of cumulative unhealthy lifestyles. •What is done in childhood and youth affects health later in life.
    6. 6. STATUS OF THE NATION – A NEED FOR CHANGE • The percentage of young people who are overweight has more than doubled in the past 30 years. •Inactivity and poor diet cause at least 300,000 deaths a year in the U.S. •Fewer than 1 in 4 children get 20 minutes of vigorous activity every day of the week. •About 1 in 4 children did not play on any sports teams, either at school or through community programs.
    7. 7. STATUS OF THE NATION – A NEED FOR CHANGE • Nearly half of young people aged 12-21 are not vigorously active on a regular basis. • Physical activity declines dramatically with age during adolescence. • Female adolescents are much less physically active than males.
    8. 8. STATUS OF THE NATION – A NEED FOR CHANGE • Enrollment in daily physical education classes dropped from 42% in 1991 to 25% in 1995. •Only 19% of all high school students are physically active for 20 minutes or more in physical education classes every day during the school week.
    9. 9. STATUS OF THE NATION – A NEED FOR CHANGE • More than 60% of adults do not achieve the recommended amount of regular physical activity. • In fact, 25% of all adults are not active at all. • Inactivity increases with age. • Inactivity is more common among women than men. • Inactivity is also more common among those with lower income and less education.
    10. 10. What does Physical Activity do for the body? • Helps Control Weight
    11. 11. Physical Activity I feel better already! BUILDS AND MAINTAINS Healthy Bones Lean Muscles Joints
    12. 12. Physical Activity Reduces Body fat percentage Blood pressure in some adolescents with hypertension Feelings of anxiety Feelings of depression Moodiness
    13. 13. Physical Activity May Prevent or Delay
    14. 14. Physical Activity may also reduce Risk of dying prematurely. Risk of dying from heart disease. Risk of developing diabetes.  Risk of developing colon cancer.
    15. 15. Research Indicates that PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROMOTES BRAIN GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT WHICH LEADS TO IMPROVED COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
    16. 16. Brain Development Research Indicates that Physical Activity • Improves ShortTerm Memory. •Builds Heavier, More Synaptic Rich Brains.
    17. 17. Activity improves cognitive performance by increasing the number of brain capillaries. at This happens with regular aerobic gre g. a is a jo exercise. is or Th y f Regular exercise helps provide more da glucose and oxygen to the brain. Regular exercise also helps remove waste products like carbon dioxide. Aerobic activity 3-4 days per week optimizes brain performance!
    18. 18. Preschool through Elementary To Increase Brain Growth & Development Focus on developing basic motor skills needed for human movement. Examples are:  Walking  Running  Jumping  Changing speed of movement  Changing direction of movement  Maintaining balance while the body is in motion
    19. 19. In order to promote brain growth and development Before the age of 10 years… • Motor skills and pathways need to be continually developed and reinforced. At about age 10, the brain begins prioritization.  Only the most practiced skills are kept and preserved.  Physical Activity will reinforce and strengthen connections through sensory and motor experiences.
    20. 20. After 10 years of age and Through middle and High School People continue to develop motor pathways in the brain. How do they do that?  Require the learner to develop new motor skills.  Challenge the learner beyond the basic motor skills they should already possess.  Variety is the key!
    21. 21. NEW VIEW OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Greater health benefits can be achieved by gradually increasing the amount of physical activity in regard to these areas. Frequency – how often physical Time – how activity is done (Measured by long a person number of days active per week) engages in physical activity Intensity – how hard a person (Measured by performs physical activity (Measured the clock) by heart rate)
    22. 22. Why is Physical Education Important? Brain research clearly suggests: that sensory and motor experiences are imperative to reinforcing and strengthening brain connections. Physical Education improves academic performance.
    23. 23. A promising way to help people include more physical activity in their daily lives is……. Quality, Daily Physical Education  Well-designed programs in schools to increase physical activity in physical education classes have been shown to be effective.
    24. 24. How much activity for Elementary ages? The National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) offers these guidelines: At least 30-60 minutes on all or most days of the week. More than 60 minutes, up to several hours per day, is encouraged. There should be a balance of moderate to vigorous activity with rest period variation. Children should not have extended periods of inactivity. Note: All activity should be developmentally and age appropriate.
    25. 25. Children and youth will only learn skills through continued participation in physical activity. Continued participation in physical activity provides children with the skills and confidence they need to participate throughout their lifetime.
    26. 26. How much activity is needed for adolescents? Surgeon General suggests  Daily physical activity is best almost daily is OK. Activity can be part of play, games, sports, work, transportation, recreation, physical education, or planned exercise. The activity can be performed in the context of the family, school or community.
    27. 27. How much activity is needed for adults? • Perform 20-30 minutes of aerobic activity 3-5 times per week. • Incorporate lifelong wellness activities almost daily. • Follow appropriate active lifestyle diet.
    28. 28. More Information can be received from American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD), 1900 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE), 1900 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091
    29. 29. MORE INFORMATION • Center for Disease Control (CDC) 4770 Buford Highway, NE Atlanta, GA 30341 1-888-232-4674 • The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Box SG Suite 250 701 Pennsylvania Ave., NW Washington, DC 20004
    30. 30. Baltimore County Public Schools Vision All students will be physically educated, having acquired motor skills to perform a variety of physical activities, physical fitness knowledge, and intrinsic motivation to pursue a healthy and active lifestyle in an increasingly changing society.
    31. 31. The sun may set today, but when it rises tomorrow, you can exercise!
    32. 32. You have been a great audience. Thank you. THE END

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