Ukraine after elections


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Ukraine after elections

  1. 1. Ukraine after the Presidential Election 2010: What democracy assistance is needed?<br />Inna Pidluska<br />For FRIDE Roundtable<br />Assessing Democracy Assistance: The Case of Ukraine<br />14 October 2010 <br />Kyiv, Ukraine<br />
  2. 2. Ukraine 2010 and beyond: key trends<br />political stability seen as essential condition for consolidation of democracy <br />relative stability is fragile, as the underlying systemic causes of the instability have not been addressed <br />clear separation of powers is missing <br />proper system of checks and balances between and within the executive, legislative and judicial branches destroyed <br />monopolisation of power by a single political force undermines democratic development<br />legitimacy is replaced with legality<br />
  3. 3. Ukraine 2010 and beyond: key trends by sector<br /><ul><li>space for freedom is shrinking
  4. 4. media and NGOs apprehensive of pressure and put on self-restrictions
  5. 5. imitation of engagement and participation is on the rise
  6. 6. new NGO law still not approved; legal environment remains NGO-unfriendly and prevents their institutional growth
  7. 7. political parties, the parliament and local self-governance see their roles reduced
  8. 8. a political reversal can undermine reform and confidence in other ex-Soviet states</li></li></ul><li>The functioning of democratic institutions in Ukraine: PACE resolution 1755 (5/10/2010) <br />The fulfillment of accession commitments entails the implementation of a series of far-reaching and complex reforms, which will have a deep impact on Ukrainian society<br />The successful implementation of these reforms is therefore only possible if they are based on wide political consensus and public support<br />This, in turn, is only possible if respect for parliamentary procedures and democratic principles is strictly observed <br />Hasty manner in which the authorities are implementing these reforms could negatively affect respect for proper democratic principles and, ultimately, the quality of the reforms themselves<br />
  9. 9. Civil Society 2010: What change has (not) occurred?<br /><ul><li>How can democracy aid support the sustainable development of civil society in Ukraine?
  10. 10. New patterns of CSOs – Government – Business relations
  11. 11. Broad base beyond NGO sector needs to be built
  12. 12. Public demand for democracy and good governance should be developed
  13. 13. Democracy education is crucial
  14. 14. Enabling environment for citizens’ initiatives
  15. 15. Partnerships with business without strings attached</li></li></ul><li>NGOs in the changing environment<br /><ul><li>Lack of financial and human resources remains a key challenge
  16. 16. Self-organization proceeds at a slow pace
  17. 17. Democracy and rights mean different things to different people
  18. 18. Growth in numbers does not translate into growth of impact
  19. 19. From “preaching to converts” to reaching out to wider communities and constituencies
  20. 20. Countering co-optation efforts by politicians and government
  21. 21. Marginal influence </li></li></ul><li>How are the media doing?<br /><ul><li>From censorship to self-censorship: state of play
  22. 22. What kind of support is there for independent media?
  23. 23. What kind of support is needed?
  24. 24. New media: everyone can make his/her voice heard
  25. 25. Creating a Public broadcasting </li></li></ul><li>Political parties: how Ukraine’s multi-party system can be developed? <br />Encourage intra-party democracy<br />Help build organizational capacity of political parties<br />Special focus on young and future leaders<br />Stress need for provisions on party financing in the Law on Political Parties that are fully in line with European standards<br />Ensure transparency of party financing<br />Measures to reduce dependence of political parties on economic and commercial interests <br />
  26. 26. What challenges to face?<br />Help ensure access to information and transparency of public agencies<br />Link development aid to performance on democracy<br />Support work on a new NGO law<br />Support independent policy research<br />Support demand for a strong role and accountability of the ombudsperson<br />Maintain focus on human rights<br />Help put in place a system of free legal aid<br />Support the young generation of CSO leaders<br />
  27. 27. What prospects for democracy assistance in Ukraine?<br />Re-thinking and moving on are necessary <br />Use bilateral mechanisms (e.g., Eastern Partnership, the future Association Agreement between EU and Ukraine) to engage civil society <br />Conditionality: include demand for the observance of democratic standards and engagement, whenever possible, of civil society actors in programs delivered within development assistance efforts <br />Help build capacity of NGOs to better represent citizen interests (advocacy, monitoring, citizens’ activism)<br />Encourage development of networks and sharing between CSOs<br />Work with domestic donors<br />