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System concepts System concepts Presentation Transcript

  • Management Information System System Concepts
  • System
    • A SYSTEM IS AN ORDERLY GROUPING OF
    • INTERDEPENDENT COMPONENTS LINKED
    • TOGETHER ACCORDING TO A PLAN TO
    • ACHIEVE A SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE.
  • Basic Implications
    • A System must be designed to achieve a predetermined objective.
    • Interrelationships & Interdependence must exist among the components.
    • The objectives of the organization as a whole have a higher priority than the objectives of its subsystems.
  • Examples of Systems
    • Transportation System
    • Telephone System
    • Accounting System
    • Production System
    • Computer System
    • Business System etc.
  • Elements/Components Of System
    • Inputs
    • Processor (s)
    • Outputs
    • Control
    • Feedback
    • Environment
  • Components Of System…
  • Characteristics Of System
    • Organization
    • Interaction
    • Interdependence
    • Integration
    • Central Objective
  • Types Of Systems
    • Conceptual & Empirical
    • Natural & Manufactured
    • Social, People-Machine & Machine
    • Closed & Open
    • Adaptive & Non-Adaptive
    • Deterministic & Probabilistic
    • Permanent & Temporary
    • Stationary & Non-Stationary
    • Subsystems & Supersystem
  • System Approach
    • Its the approach of building information systems.
    • The Increased Complexity of Business
      • The Technological Revolution
      • Research and Development
      • Product Changes
      • The Information Explosion
    • The Increased Complexity of Management
      • Information Feedback Systems
      • Decision Making
      • Management Science
      • The Electronic Computer
  • Business Organization As A System CONTROL Plans Programs Policies Strategies Performance Standards Measure Performance Against Plan INPUT Manpower Money Materials Machines Information PROCESSING Management Information System OUTPUT Objectives Productivity Growth Innovation Employee Devlp.