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Ob 5 Ob 5 Presentation Transcript

  • Personality
    • Gordon Allport:
    • Personality is the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psycho-physical systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment.
  • Personality
    • The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others.
  • Determinants of Personality
    • Heredity
    • Environment
    • Situation
  • Big Five Personality Dimensions
    • The Big Five Locator instrument was developed by P.J. Howard, P.L. Medina and J.M. Howard.
    • Conscientiousness: Careful, Dependable, self disciplined
    • Agreeableness: Courteous, good natured, empathic, caring
  • Big Five Personality Dimensions
    • Neuroticism / Weak emotional stability: Anxious, Hostile, depressed
    • Openness to Experience: Sensitive, flexible, creative, curious
    • Extroversion: Outgoing, talkative, Sociable, assertive
  • Big Five Personality Dimensions * Positively related to job performance for all occupational groups * May be better than ability in predicting job performance Conscientiousness * Most studies found no link between agreeableness and performance or productivity in teams * Some found a negative link between person ’ s likeability and team performance * Positively related to job performance in service jobs Agreeableness * Positively related to team performance * Positively related to degree of participation within team * Positively related to job performance in occupations requiring social interaction * Positively related to training proficiency for all occupations Extroversion Relationship to Team Performance Relationship to Job Performance Big Five Personality Factor
  • Big Five Personality Dimensions Openness to Experience Emotional Stability Big Five Personality Factor *Positively related to training proficiency * A minimal threshold amount may be necessary for adequate performance; greater degrees not related to job performance * Positively related to performance in service jobs * May be better than ability in predicting job performance across all occupational groups Relationship to Job Performance *Data unavailable Relationship to Team Performance
  • The Myres-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
    • The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Instrument (MBTI) was developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Cook Briggs.
    • Classifications:
      • Extroverted (E) or introverted (I)
      • Sensing (S) or intuitive (I)
      • Thinking (T) or feeling (F)
      • Perceiving (P) or judging (J)
  • MBTI
    • Favorite world: Do you prefer to focus on the outer world or on your own inner world? This is called Extraversion (E) or Introversion (I) .
    • Information: Do you prefer to focus on the basic information you take in or do you prefer to interpret and add meaning? This is called Sensing (S) or Intuition (N) .
  • MBTI
    • Decisions: When making decisions, do you prefer to first look at logic and consistency or first look at the people and special circumstances? This is called Thinking (T) or Feeling (F) .
    • Structure : In dealing with the outside world, do you prefer to get things decided or do you prefer to stay open to new information and options? This is called Judging (J) or Perceiving (P) .
  • Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB
    • Locus of Control : The degree to which people believe they are masters of their own fate.
      • Those who believe that they control their destinies have been labeled as Internals.
      • Those who see their lives as being controlled by outside forces have been called Externals.
  • Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB
    • Machiavellianism: Degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance and believes that ends can justify means.
    • Self Esteem: Individual’s degree of liking or disliking himself / herself.
  • Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB
    • Self Monitoring: Ability to adjust his / her behaviour to external, situational factors.
    • Risk Taking: People differ in their willingness to take chances.
  • Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB
    • Type A Personality: Aggressive involvement in a chronic struggle to achieve more and more in less and less time, if necessary, against the opposite efforts of other things or other people.
  • Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB
    • Proactive Personality: People who identify opportunities, show initiative, take action and work until meaningful changes occur. They create positive changes in the environment, regardless of constraints or obstacles.
  • Achieving Personality Fit
    • Person-Job Fit Theory identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover.
  • Holland’s Typology of Personality & Congruent Occupations
    • Type:
      • Realistic: Prefers physical activities that require skill, strength and coordiation.
    • Personality:
      • Shy, genuine, persistent, stable, conforming, practical
    • Congruent Occupations:
      • Mechanic, assembly line worker
  • Holland’s Typology of Personality & Congruent Occupations
    • Type:
      • Investigative: Prefers activities that involve thinking, organizing and understanding.
    • Personality:
      • Analytical, Original, curious, independent
    • Congruent Occupations:
      • Economist, mathematician, news reporter
  • Holland’s Typology of Personality & Congruent Occupations
    • Type:
      • Social: Prefers activities that involve helping and developing others.
    • Personality:
      • Sociable, friendly, cooperative, understanding
    • Congruent Occupations:
      • Social worker, teacher, counsellor
  • Holland’s Typology of Personality & Congruent Occupations
    • Type:
      • Conventional: Prefers rule regulated orderly and unambiguous activities.
    • Personality:
      • Conforming, Unimaginative, inflexible
    • Congruent Occupations:
      • Accountant, Bank teller, file clerk
  • Holland’s Typology of Personality & Congruent Occupations
    • Type:
      • Enterprising: Prefers verbal activities in which there are opportunities to influence others and obtain power.
    • Personality:
      • Self confident, ambitious, domineering
    • Congruent Occupations:
      • Lawyer, PR specialist, small business Mgrs.
  • Holland’s Typology of Personality & Congruent Occupations
    • Type:
      • Artistic: Prefers ambiguous and unsystematic activities that allow creative expression.
    • Personality:
      • Imaginative, idealistic, emotional, impractical
    • Congruent Occupations:
      • Painter, musician, writer, interior decorator
  • Achieving Personality Fit
    • Person-Organisation Fit: P-O fit argues that people leave organisations that are not compatible with their personalities.