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Nutrition during pregnancy
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Nutrition during pregnancy

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Overview of nutrition during pregnancy

Overview of nutrition during pregnancy

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    Nutrition during pregnancy Nutrition during pregnancy Presentation Transcript

    • Nutrition during Pregnancy
      Overview
    • Good nutrition: Effect on the baby
      Good nutrition helps prepare a woman’s body for motherhood
      The new-life that is growing inside you depends on you for every need of it to grow healthy and strong
      The baby uses the nutrients from the mothers blood, to develop the tissues, bones and organs
      Women who have a healthy diet are more likely to have a healthy and well developed baby
    • Weight gain during pregancy
      Weight gain is normal during pregnancy
      How much would depend on how you weigh before you gotten pregnant
      A healthy weight gain is between 8 and 12 kilos for the entire pregnancy.
      Depends on your pre-pregnancy weight
      Check out the BMI calculator on side bar to see if you are
      Underweight
      Normal weight
      Overweight
    • Weight gain during pregancy
      Overweight woman are advised to gain about 7kgs
      Underweight woman are advised to gain about 14kgs
      Normal weight women should gain about 10kgs
      Pregnancy is not the time to go on a diet or to lose weight
    • Why do you gain weight?
      Breakdown(approximate) of the weight gain that happens during pregnancy
      Baby – 3.5-4kgs
      Maternal Stores - 3.5 kgs
      Blood - 1.8 kgs
      Tissues and Fluids - 1.1 kgs
      Uterus - 0.9 kgs
      Amniotic Fluid - 0.9 kgs
      Placenta - 0.6 kgs
      Breast Tissue - 0.45 kgs
    • Nutritional needs
      Pregnant women needs more calories and nutrients
      Need 300 calories more a day than the normal requirement
      Requirement for certain specific set of nutrients is high during the pregnancy
      Diet plan should be designed that it addresses those nutritional needs
      You are not eating for two.
    • Nutritional needs
      Folic acid
      Good idea to start taking folic acid while planning pregnancy
      Proteins
      Calcium
      Iron
      Certain special vitamins
    • Folic acid: Why its important
      Folic acid is a B vitamin, which prevents from having a baby with some spine defects
      Folic acid occurs naturally in green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits or dried lentils
      In addition you need to have a folic acid supplement
      Fortified floor products with folic acid
    • Importance of calcium
      Calcium is a mineral that helps the babies bone to become stronger
      Daily calcium requirement during pregnancy is about 1000-1200mg
      Milk, curd, cheese and panneer are good sources of calcium
      Ice cream, though is a milk product should be taken in moderation as it is loaded with fat
      Skimmed milk products also offers the same
    • Importance of Protein
      Proteins are the building blocks for the baby
      Additional protein is required for the enlargement of the uterus and breasts
      Pregnant women need about 70gms of protein everyday
      It is possible to get adequate protein by eating pulses, milk for vegetarians
      Meat, poultry, eggs are also a good source of protein for non-vegetarians
    • Importance of Iron
      Women of childbearing age have low iron stores.
      It is important to be on a combination supplement of iron, B-complex and folic acid.
      Requirement for a pregnant women is about 30mgs of iron
      Green leafy vegetables, dried fruits and nuts are a good source of iron
    • Dealing with morning sickness
      Morning sickness(Nausea). It's actually a misnomer. Morning sickness can strike at anytime of the day or night, sometimes all day and all night
      Eat small meals several times a day
      Drink fluids between meals, to avoid dehydration.
      Try mint extract(pudinhara) with water
      Try curry leaves or coriander juice with lime and sugar
    • Dealing with morning sickness
      Eating crackers, toast or dry cereal before getting up in the morning
      Limiting fried, fatty and spicy food.
    • Diet to deal with constipation
      Consumption of iron supplements can also trigger constipation
      Could be due to increased pressure on your colon from your growing baby
      Drink eight to ten glasses of fluids each day.
      Eat foods high in fiber, like whole grain breads and cereals, fruits and vegetables.
    • Summary
      Nutritionally, pregnancy is one of the most demanding time.
      Plan an appropriate diet
      Get sufficient calories for weight gain
      Include foods from all diet categories
      Avoid consumption of alcohol, drugs or tobacco products during pregnancy