Nutrition during pregnancy


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Overview of nutrition during pregnancy

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Nutrition during pregnancy

  1. 1. Nutrition during Pregnancy<br />Overview<br />
  2. 2. Good nutrition: Effect on the baby <br />Good nutrition helps prepare a woman’s body for motherhood<br /> The new-life that is growing inside you depends on you for every need of it to grow healthy and strong <br /> The baby uses the nutrients from the mothers blood, to develop the tissues, bones and organs<br />Women who have a healthy diet are more likely to have a healthy and well developed baby<br />
  3. 3. Weight gain during pregancy<br />Weight gain is normal during pregnancy<br />How much would depend on how you weigh before you gotten pregnant<br />A healthy weight gain is between 8 and 12 kilos for the entire pregnancy.<br />Depends on your pre-pregnancy weight<br />Check out the BMI calculator on side bar to see if you are<br />Underweight<br />Normal weight<br />Overweight<br />
  4. 4. Weight gain during pregancy<br />Overweight woman are advised to gain about 7kgs<br />Underweight woman are advised to gain about 14kgs<br />Normal weight women should gain about 10kgs<br />Pregnancy is not the time to go on a diet or to lose weight<br />
  5. 5. Why do you gain weight?<br />Breakdown(approximate) of the weight gain that happens during pregnancy<br />Baby – 3.5-4kgs<br />Maternal Stores - 3.5 kgs<br />Blood - 1.8 kgs<br />Tissues and Fluids - 1.1 kgs<br />Uterus - 0.9 kgs<br />Amniotic Fluid - 0.9 kgs<br />Placenta - 0.6 kgs<br />Breast Tissue - 0.45 kgs<br />
  6. 6. Nutritional needs<br />Pregnant women needs more calories and nutrients <br />Need 300 calories more a day than the normal requirement<br />Requirement for certain specific set of nutrients is high during the pregnancy<br />Diet plan should be designed that it addresses those nutritional needs<br />You are not eating for two. <br />
  7. 7. Nutritional needs<br />Folic acid <br />Good idea to start taking folic acid while planning pregnancy<br />Proteins<br />Calcium<br />Iron <br />Certain special vitamins<br />
  8. 8. Folic acid: Why its important<br />Folic acid is a B vitamin, which prevents from having a baby with some spine defects<br />Folic acid occurs naturally in green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits or dried lentils<br />In addition you need to have a folic acid supplement<br />Fortified floor products with folic acid<br />
  9. 9. Importance of calcium<br />Calcium is a mineral that helps the babies bone to become stronger<br />Daily calcium requirement during pregnancy is about 1000-1200mg<br />Milk, curd, cheese and panneer are good sources of calcium<br />Ice cream, though is a milk product should be taken in moderation as it is loaded with fat<br />Skimmed milk products also offers the same <br />
  10. 10. Importance of Protein<br />Proteins are the building blocks for the baby<br />Additional protein is required for the enlargement of the uterus and breasts<br />Pregnant women need about 70gms of protein everyday<br />It is possible to get adequate protein by eating pulses, milk for vegetarians<br />Meat, poultry, eggs are also a good source of protein for non-vegetarians<br />
  11. 11. Importance of Iron<br />Women of childbearing age have low iron stores. <br />It is important to be on a combination supplement of iron, B-complex and folic acid.<br />Requirement for a pregnant women is about 30mgs of iron<br />Green leafy vegetables, dried fruits and nuts are a good source of iron<br />
  12. 12. Dealing with morning sickness<br />Morning sickness(Nausea). It's actually a misnomer. Morning sickness can strike at anytime of the day or night, sometimes all day and all night<br />Eat small meals several times a day<br />Drink fluids between meals, to avoid dehydration. <br />Try mint extract(pudinhara) with water<br />Try curry leaves or coriander juice with lime and sugar<br />
  13. 13. Dealing with morning sickness<br />Eating crackers, toast or dry cereal before getting up in the morning<br />Limiting fried, fatty and spicy food.<br />
  14. 14. Diet to deal with constipation<br />Consumption of iron supplements can also trigger constipation<br />Could be due to increased pressure on your colon from your growing baby<br />Drink eight to ten glasses of fluids each day.<br />Eat foods high in fiber, like whole grain breads and cereals, fruits and vegetables.<br />
  15. 15. Summary<br />Nutritionally, pregnancy is one of the most demanding time.<br />Plan an appropriate diet<br />Get sufficient calories for weight gain<br />Include foods from all diet categories<br />Avoid consumption of alcohol, drugs or tobacco products during pregnancy<br />