discovery v/s invention


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discovery v/s invention

  1. 1. Personality Development Program<br />PRESENTED BY:<br />AANCHAL NARANG (241)<br />AYUSH SINGLA (250)<br />MONICA MAHALWAL (265)<br />SHUBHANKAR SORKAR (288)<br />PARUL GUPTA (297)<br />
  3. 3. DISCOVERY<br />Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unknown<br />IT IS THE PROCESS OF LEARNING SOMETHING THAT WAS NOT KNOWN BEFORE, OR OF FINDING SOMEONE OR SOMETHING THAT WAS MISSING OR HIDDEN.<br />
  4. 4. GROWTH LEAD BY DISCOVERY<br />MYSTERIES OF THE UNIVERSE<br />1900: The milky way galaxy is the known universe. Newton's law explain the physical world. Matter is composed of atoms.<br />Today : the milky way is just one galaxy among countless millions we have observed in the universe. Atoms are made up of many subatomic particles.<br />
  5. 5. INVENTION<br />A new, useful process, machine, improvement, etc., that did not exist previously and that is recognized as the product of some unique intuition or genius, as distinguished from ordinary mechanical skill or craftsmanship. <br />
  6. 6. GROWTH LEAD BY INVENTION<br />BIGGER, BETTER, FASTER<br />1900: The only way to view the Olympic games in Paris is in person. News about the games travel to America via telegraph and is printed in newspaper.<br />Today: Millions worldwide will watch the Olympics on television, transmitted instantaneously by satellite. The news will spread as well as by radio, newspaper and the world wide web.<br />
  7. 7. DISCOVERY V/S INVENTION <br />Discoveries apply to those that have been long existent, while inventions, to those that have never existed in the past.<br /> Discovery is made by providing observational evidence and attempts to develop an initial, rough understanding of some phenomenon.<br /> To invent is to plan and produce something to meet a specific purpose.<br /><ul><li> Invention does not necessarily involve exploration, whereas discovery necessarily involves exploration.</li></li></ul><li>DISCOVERY v/s INVENTION (Cont.)<br />Invention is something you create by experimentation, whereas discovery is finding out something that already existed but not known.<br />Invention is a process whereas discovery is not a process.<br />Invention has nothing to do with nature, where as discovery has everything to do with nature.<br />Invention is scientific, whereas discovery is natural.<br />
  8. 8. DISCOVERY V/S INVENTION(Cont..)<br />A discovery pertains to natural occurrences while an invention, to man-made artifacts, tools, processes etc.<br />Invention is done for upgrading technology while discovery doesn’t have any one particular purpose.<br /> The result of an invention is an artifact and the result of a discovery is a theory.<br /><ul><li> Invention is synonymous with creation; Discovery is synonymous with a famous find. </li></li></ul><li>DISCOVERY V/S INVENTION (Cont..)<br /><ul><li>  Discoveries are much more respected by the scientific community than inventions.
  9. 9.  The Nobel Prize is the most esteemed scientific acknowledgement and its selection procedure depends heavily on the science community.
  10. 10.  The number of invention prizes and discovery prizes by decade on average, 77 per cent of all Nobel Prizes in Physics were given to discoveries and 23 per cent to inventions.</li></li></ul><li> DISCOVERY V/S INVENTION (Cont..)<br />Proportion of Nobel Prizes in Physics given for discoveries and inventions per decade.<br />
  11. 11. EXAMPLES OF INVENTION<br />Bulb<br />Telephone<br />Wheel<br />Computer<br />
  12. 12. EXAMPLES OF DISCOVERY<br /><ul><li>The concept of black holes in outer space. 
  13. 13. Einstein introduces the general theory of relativity.
  14. 14. Apollo astronaut land on the moon.
  15. 15. Columbus discovered America</li></li></ul><li>DISCOVERY AND INVENTION<br /><ul><li>By and large, invention and discovery work hand in hand.
  16. 16. Inventions are a result of materials and occurrences discovered even prior to the thought of coming up with the invention. A good example would be the automobile, an original creation derived from metals, gas, rubber and other raw materials that were apparently discovered even before the conception of such invention.
  17. 17. In the same manner, discoveries are sometimes made known through the help of inventions. For instance, the invention of the space shuttle led to discoveries about the moon and planets neighboring Earth.</li></li></ul><li>CONCLUSION<br />Discovery and Invention are neither totally dependent, nor totally independent of each other. Rather, discovery maybe regarded as a subset of invention. Invention is a result of so many failed and partially successful experiments of an individual, whereas discovery is the result of determination as well as strong will of n individual.<br />