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UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity
完美是不能再减
Bill Li 李国彪
UPerform Consulting 优普丰顾问机构
@ Agile Tou...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 抽象画
毕加索画牛:化繁为简做减法
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 白石老人画虾
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 白石老人画虾
“虾的精神状态,虾的有弹力的透明体,虾
在水中浮游的动势。把艺术造型
的“形”“质”“动”三个要素完满...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 元青花
青花“鬼谷下山”罐
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 元青花
2005年7月12日,英国伦敦拍卖了一件“鬼谷
下山”元青花大罐,当时的成交价折合人民
币是2.3亿,以当天...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: LOHAS 乐活
这并不是一个刚刚兴起的东东,由于“乐活族”的生活方式既简单
又时尚,已经迅速席卷全球。据统计,目前...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: MUJI 无印良品
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: MUJI 无印良品
“无印良品出品的商品,在设计上是简单无华的,
但我们不是一味地在奉行极简主义而已。因为无
印良品...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: GE 通用电气 Big & Simple
Simplicity is key to success
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: GE 通用电气 Big & Simple
对Jack Welch的采访 1989年:
“Despite the co...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: GE 特征及价值观
•  Lean 精益
•  Agile 敏捷
•  Creative 创造性
•  Owners...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Image from BN.com
31 Simplicity
7 Simplify/Simplified
75 Simple
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Image from: www.logoblog.org
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
PPPTV - 敏捷领导力关注模型
Technical	
  
Excellence	
  
People	
  
Development	...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: People Development
Image from Linda Rising’s Agile Mindset...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: People Development
•  聪明的“傻子”总愿意把事情搞大,弄复杂。我们需要一种
天分以及极大的勇气...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Product Discovery
Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
Image from...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Product Discovery
•  Minimally Shippable Product 时刻追求最小的可发...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Process Optimization
Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Process Optimization
•  简洁的过程:例如Scrum (3个PDCA质量循环)
•  消除浪费...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 简单可行的工具
•  白板、玻璃墙
•  彩色白板笔
•  报事贴(不同颜色与大小)
•  彩色磁吸
•  索引卡片...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 简化你的组织
Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 轻装出行(Kent Beck)
Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: 轻装出行(Kent Beck)
我们所维护的工件应该是:
•  Few 少
•  Simple 简单
•  Valu...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Technical Excellence
“the hallmark of the professional
pro...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: “过”是一种浪费
•  更多的投入
•  更难理解
•  更高的沟通成本
•  更高的维护成本
Copyright ...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Technical Excellence
•  简单设计
•  渐进式需求
•  渐进式架构
•  插入质量(CI,...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: XP-from Kent Beck
The 2nd XP value is simplicity:
“What is...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Welch’s 5 Keys
•  Candor—Everybody should look for opportunities to ma...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Simplicity: Technical Excellence
•  你永远不会需要它 You Aren't Gonna
Need It ...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
PPPTV - 敏捷领导力关注模型
Technical	
  
Excellence	
  
People	
  
Development	...
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
Sense & Simplicity 精于心 简于形
---Philips
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
完美,并不是不能再加,
而是不能再减。
(无名氏)
UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
新浪微博:@李国彪
Bill.Li@ScrumChina.com
(Twitter)
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Simplicity (Agile Tour 2011 China) - Bill Li

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This presentation was delivered by me in Agile Tour 2011 in total of 4 cities' events. It is on the topic of "Simplicity" and related Agile mindset and practices.

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Transcript of "Simplicity (Agile Tour 2011 China) - Bill Li"

  1. 1. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity 完美是不能再减 Bill Li 李国彪 UPerform Consulting 优普丰顾问机构 @ Agile Tour 2011, China
  2. 2. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  3. 3. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  4. 4. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
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  8. 8. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  9. 9. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  10. 10. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  11. 11. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  12. 12. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner
  13. 13. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 抽象画 毕加索画牛:化繁为简做减法
  14. 14. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 白石老人画虾
  15. 15. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 白石老人画虾 “虾的精神状态,虾的有弹力的透明体,虾 在水中浮游的动势。把艺术造型 的“形”“质”“动”三个要素完满的表 现出来。 这样丰富的内容,齐白石先生用的是及简 练的笔墨,不能多一笔,也不能少一笔, 一笔一笔可以数得出来。”——叶浅予
  16. 16. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 元青花 青花“鬼谷下山”罐
  17. 17. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 元青花 2005年7月12日,英国伦敦拍卖了一件“鬼谷 下山”元青花大罐,当时的成交价折合人民 币是2.3亿,以当天的国际牌价可以买两吨 黄金。 以体积而论,这件元青花是全世界范围内最 贵的瓷器;单件工艺品的最高价,也是这 件元青花创造的。中国古代陶瓷艺术在世 界上的地位非常高,全世界的人用金钱表 示对我们文化的尊重。
  18. 18. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: LOHAS 乐活 这并不是一个刚刚兴起的东东,由于“乐活族”的生活方式既简单 又时尚,已经迅速席卷全球。据统计,目前在美国每4人中就有一 人是“乐活族”,欧洲约是三分之一。 关注他们不仅仅是因为他们日渐壮大,更主要的是他们倡导的生活方 式———一种关注健康的,环保的和可持续发展的生活方式! http://ask.koubei.com/question/1407011013340.html Image from Lance Kind
  19. 19. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: MUJI 无印良品
  20. 20. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: MUJI 无印良品 “无印良品出品的商品,在设计上是简单无华的, 但我们不是一味地在奉行极简主义而已。因为无 印良品这个品牌,就像是个 空 的容器一般, 能够接受不同的观点,也能够无拘无束的发挥。 我们追求「简约无华」的概念落实在很多事物上, 像是在制程中节省能源、产品价格实在、设计造 型简单、质地自然…等。无印良品希望在各方面 都能做到「简约无华」,将价值的真实意义还 原。” http://www.muji.com.cn/Philosophy.html
  21. 21. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: GE 通用电气 Big & Simple Simplicity is key to success
  22. 22. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: GE 通用电气 Big & Simple 对Jack Welch的采访 1989年: “Despite the complexity of GE’s global business, Welch insists that Simplicity is key to success. “Business isn’t complicated." he says. “The complications arise when people are cut off from information they need.” Speed, Simplicity, Self-Confidence: An Interview with Jack Welch, by Noel Tichy and Ram Charan, Harvard Business Review, 1989
  23. 23. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: GE 特征及价值观 •  Lean 精益 •  Agile 敏捷 •  Creative 创造性 •  Ownership 主人翁精神 •  Reward 回报 Speed, Simplicity, Self-Confidence: An Interview with Jack Welch, by Noel Tichy and Ram Charan, Harvard Business Review, 1989
  24. 24. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Image from BN.com 31 Simplicity 7 Simplify/Simplified 75 Simple
  25. 25. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Image from: www.logoblog.org
  26. 26. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner PPPTV - 敏捷领导力关注模型 Technical   Excellence   People   Development   Process   Op6miza6on   Product   Discovery   Value-­‐Driven   Outcome   Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  27. 27. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: People Development Image from Linda Rising’s Agile Mindset Presentation Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  28. 28. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: People Development •  聪明的“傻子”总愿意把事情搞大,弄复杂。我们需要一种 天分以及极大的勇气去把事情做简单。– 爱因斯坦 •  很容易就会有一个复杂的想法。但是有一个简单想法却十 分困难。 - Carver Mead •  To be really simple, you have to go really deep - 乔布斯 •  把简单的事情做好就是不简单。- 海尔张瑞敏 •  专注(Focus) •  “大”和“多”不能成为借口 •  自管理、自组织团队 •  从自身做起 •  初心 (Beginner’s Mind) (“Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish” -乔 布斯) •  透明性 (Transparency) Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  29. 29. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Product Discovery Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪 Image from Apple.com
  30. 30. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Product Discovery •  Minimally Shippable Product 时刻追求最小的可发布 产品 •  产品Backlog排优先级/勇于舍弃(say “No”)/专注 •  使用用户故事 (放弃前期过度的需求分析) •  尝试 Kano 模型 •  最好的最简洁的用户体验 (最自然的) •  Make it Simple, Really Simple – 乔布斯 •  To be really simple, you have to go really deep - 乔 布斯 •  Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication – 达芬奇 •  达致简单是创造性的艺术 Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  31. 31. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Process Optimization Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  32. 32. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Process Optimization •  简洁的过程:例如Scrum (3个PDCA质量循环) •  消除浪费(Clean & Lean) •  Deep Collaboration 深度协作(如蜂群),并建 立简单团队规则 •  Concurrent Engineering 并发工程 •  信息和进展的可视化及透明 •  简单且直观有效的沟通及管理工具 •  轻装出行 •  简化你的组织 •  跨职能团队,把他们放在一起! Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  33. 33. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 简单可行的工具 •  白板、玻璃墙 •  彩色白板笔 •  报事贴(不同颜色与大小) •  彩色磁吸 •  索引卡片(Index cards) •  数码相机,手机 •  Excel •  Wiki •  Skype、QQ •  iPad •  …… Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  34. 34. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 简化你的组织 Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  35. 35. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 轻装出行(Kent Beck) Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  36. 36. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: 轻装出行(Kent Beck) 我们所维护的工件应该是: •  Few 少 •  Simple 简单 •  Valuable 有价值 Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  37. 37. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Technical Excellence “the hallmark of the professional programmer is not in the complexity of the code they produce, but rather in the simplicity. When you can take a complex problem, and solve it with simple code, you are a professional programmer” Daryl Banttari webapper.net Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  38. 38. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: “过”是一种浪费 •  更多的投入 •  更难理解 •  更高的沟通成本 •  更高的维护成本 Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  39. 39. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Technical Excellence •  简单设计 •  渐进式需求 •  渐进式架构 •  插入质量(CI,TDD,自动化测试等实践) •  追求匠艺(Craftmanship) Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  40. 40. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: XP-from Kent Beck The 2nd XP value is simplicity: “What is the simplest thing that could possibly work?” “XP is making a bet. It is betting that it is better to do a simple thing today and pay a little more tomorrow to change it if it needs it, than to do a more complicated thing today that may never be used anyway.”
  41. 41. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Welch’s 5 Keys •  Candor—Everybody should look for opportunities to make change rather than issue rosy forecasts and hope for the best. •  Simplicity—You’ve got to have it if you want your organization to be effective. •  Self-confidence— “Frightened, nervous managers use thick, convoluted planning books and busy slides.” Welch notes. •  Two-way communication •  Evaluation and reward—We have to know if our people are open and self-confident, if they believe in honest communication and quick action. Speed, Simplicity, Self-Confidence: An Interview with Jack Welch, by Noel Tichy and Ram Charan, Harvard Business Review, 1989
  42. 42. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Simplicity: Technical Excellence •  你永远不会需要它 You Aren't Gonna Need It (YAGNI) •  不要重复自己 DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) •  好的代码就是文档 Self-Documenting Code – 在写代码注释之前,问一下你的伙伴怎样能够 把代码写的不言自明 – 注释好像不错,但是它是不是说明你的代码有 些复杂了
  43. 43. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner PPPTV - 敏捷领导力关注模型 Technical   Excellence   People   Development   Process   Op6miza6on   Product   Discovery   Value-­‐Driven   Outcome   Copyright 2011 UPerform & 李国彪
  44. 44. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner Sense & Simplicity 精于心 简于形 ---Philips
  45. 45. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner 完美,并不是不能再加, 而是不能再减。 (无名氏)
  46. 46. UPerform Your Agile and Project Performance Partner 新浪微博:@李国彪 Bill.Li@ScrumChina.com (Twitter)
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