iFest’12Gunjan Gupta, Romil P. ShahDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering , Institute of Technology,Nirma...
Index1.   Background and Motivation2.   Intro3.   Bionics in other fields4.   Cyborg5.   Natural Feedback6.   Artificial F...
Background and Motivation• Expanding problems around us.• Increasing need for a sustainable development for existence also...
Definition• Also known as Biomimicry, Biomimetic, Bio-inspiration, Biognosis, and  close to Bionical Creativity Engineerin...
Various Fields• Biomimetic Chemistry: refers to reactions that, in nature, involve  biological macromolecules (enzymes , n...
Cyborg• An organism “to which exogenous components have been added for the  purpose of adapting to new environments”.• Als...
Natural Feedback
Artificial Response Provided By Taking        Inspiration From Nature
Electronics & Communication• Cybernetics: A study of adaptive nature and feedback.• Includes the study of feedback, black ...
Nanostructures• Nanostructures and physical mechanisms that produce the shining color  of butterfly wings were reproduced ...
UAVs!• New aircraft designs with far greater agility can be created.• This research in bionics may also be used to create ...
For Energy• Techno ecosystems or EcoCyborg systems involve the coupling of  natural ecological processes to technological ...
What We Have In Present?• Properties of non-human organisms like HD color sensing, listening  properties, sticky or non st...
Bionic Eye Implant
How It Works?
Artificial Limbs Or Exoskeletons
Haptic
Our Ideas & Innovations•   Connecting the human neural network to artificial networks and hence    creating a ‘mind upload...
Upcoming fields•   ASIMO uses sensors and sophisticated    algorithms to avoid obstacles and    navigate stairs.•   Artifi...
Conclusion•   Co-Creating ourselves from what we are is the only way to a sustainable development    and a way out for the...
References : Books/Journals/Research WorksAuthor/ Reasercher             Topic                   Publication              ...
References : Others• Nanosensors inspired by butterfly wings (Wired UK). Wired.co.uk.  Retrieved on 2011-04-23.• Interesti...
Neil Harbisson: A Real Cyborg
BIONICS-CYBORG
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BIONICS-CYBORG

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Background and Motivation:
The expanding problems around us and the increasing need for a sustainable development as well as cradling the human existence has become a necessity than a mere concept.
The problems of pollution, increasing artificial diseases, radiation effects, global Warming, effects of various waves propagating in free space, reducing resources and need for alternate source of energy are a source of inspiration to us for moving towards Cybernetics or Cyborg under Trans-Humanism.

Technical Idea:
• TransHumanism takes a multidisciplinary approach in analysing the dynamic interplay between humanity and the acceleration of technology. In this sphere, our focus is on the development and ethical use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and artificial general intelligence.
• Our theoretical interests focus on post-human topics of the singularity, extinction risk, and mind uploading.
• We have focussed on the topic of Bionic or Cyborg Human where electronics and biology work hand in hand to provide a sustainable development as well as better adaption for both human and other organisms.

Q. What the Paper covers?
The paper covers all details of Cybernetics and Bionics, both present technologies as well as those further expanding in future. Our main focus has been on the present day technologies and to expand them in our ways along with presentation of our ideas.

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BIONICS-CYBORG

  1. 1. iFest’12Gunjan Gupta, Romil P. ShahDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering , Institute of Technology,Nirma University,Ahmedabad,India
  2. 2. Index1. Background and Motivation2. Intro3. Bionics in other fields4. Cyborg5. Natural Feedback6. Artificial Feedback and Explanations7. Nanostructures8. UAVs9. For Energy10. Present Technologies11. Our Ideas and Innovations12. Future Scopes13. Conclusion14. References15. Cyborg: A Realityy
  3. 3. Background and Motivation• Expanding problems around us.• Increasing need for a sustainable development for existence also.• The problems of pollution, increasing artificial diseases, radiation effects, global Warming, effects of various waves propagating in free space, reducing resources.• Need for alternate source of energy. Dan Brown’s book ‘The Deception Point’ has shown the use of RoboFly that charges by the magnetic field of Earth and has varied on field applications. Such nanobots are a reality. Thanks to Bionics.
  4. 4. Definition• Also known as Biomimicry, Biomimetic, Bio-inspiration, Biognosis, and close to Bionical Creativity Engineering) ,• Nature is source of inspiration.• Example: • The development of dirt and water-repellent paint (coating) from the observation that the surface of the lotus flower plant is practically unsticky for anything (the lotus effect). • Velcro is another famous example.
  5. 5. Various Fields• Biomimetic Chemistry: refers to reactions that, in nature, involve biological macromolecules (enzymes , nucleic acids,etc.) whose chemistry can be replicated using much smaller molecules.• In the field of Computer Science, the study of artificial neurons, artificial neural networks, and swarm intelligence, evolutionary computation etc.• Examples in ENGINEERING include the hulls of boats imitating the thick skin of dolphins; sonar, radar and medical ultrasound imaging imitating the echolocation of bats.
  6. 6. Cyborg• An organism “to which exogenous components have been added for the purpose of adapting to new environments”.• Also known as "the scientific study of control and communication in the animal and the machine”.• More recent meaning of the term bionics refers to merging organism and machine.• This approach results in a hybrid system combining biological and engineering parts, which can also be referred as a cybernetic organism (cyborg).
  7. 7. Natural Feedback
  8. 8. Artificial Response Provided By Taking Inspiration From Nature
  9. 9. Electronics & Communication• Cybernetics: A study of adaptive nature and feedback.• Includes the study of feedback, black boxes and derived concepts such as comm. and control in living organisms machines and organizations including self organization.• Focuses on how anything (digital, mechanical or biological) processes information, reacts to information, and changes or can be changed to better accomplish the first two tasks.
  10. 10. Nanostructures• Nanostructures and physical mechanisms that produce the shining color of butterfly wings were reproduced in silicon at the University of Southampton.• The wing structure of the blue morpho butterfly was studied and the way it reflects light was mimicked to create an RFID tag that can be read through water and on metal. The DNA structure at left will self-assemble into the structure visualized by atomic force microscopy at right.
  11. 11. UAVs!• New aircraft designs with far greater agility can be created.• This research in bionics may also be used to create more efficient helicopters or miniature UAVs.• UC Berkeley as well as ESA have finally also been working in a similar direction and created the Robofly (a miniature UAV)and the Entomopter (a UAV which can walk, crawl and fly).
  12. 12. For Energy• Techno ecosystems or EcoCyborg systems involve the coupling of natural ecological processes to technological ones which mimic ecological functions.• Produces self-regulating hybrid system.• Research by Howard T. Odum, who perceived the structure and emergy dynamics of ecosystems as being analogous to energy flow between components of an electrical circuit.
  13. 13. What We Have In Present?• Properties of non-human organisms like HD color sensing, listening properties, sticky or non sticky properties etc. have been taken into innovation with engineering.• Examples with respect to electronics and communication include bionic hand, artificial eye implant, cochlear implants, artificial limbs, retinal implants, artificial heart, nanobots etc.• Other field examples include gloves, nanotubes constructed like spider web, velcro, bio medicines, artificial touch network etc.
  14. 14. Bionic Eye Implant
  15. 15. How It Works?
  16. 16. Artificial Limbs Or Exoskeletons
  17. 17. Haptic
  18. 18. Our Ideas & Innovations• Connecting the human neural network to artificial networks and hence creating a ‘mind uploading’ system,where the data of a human mind can be stored in form of digital mass storages.• Using the sixth-sense factors in animals by connecting their neural network to human network and hence able to predict future clearly.
  19. 19. Upcoming fields• ASIMO uses sensors and sophisticated algorithms to avoid obstacles and navigate stairs.• Artificial intelligence• Robotics• Computer Vision• Control systems• Emergence• Learning organization• New Cybernetics• Second-order cybernetics• Interactions of Actors Theory• Conversation Theory• Self-organization in cybernetics
  20. 20. Conclusion• Co-Creating ourselves from what we are is the only way to a sustainable development and a way out for the existence of human race on planet Earth as well as other species and organisms.• And hence to the theme, creating a worth place for humanity to persist.
  21. 21. References : Books/Journals/Research WorksAuthor/ Reasercher Topic Publication PPMüller, Albert (2000) "A Brief History of Österreichische Zeitschrift 11 (1): 9–30 the BCL". für Geschichtswissenschaften Wiener, Norbert “Cybernetics, or Cambridge: MIT Press (1948) Communication and Control in the Animal and the Machine” Vincent, J. F. "Biomimetics—its Journal of the Royal Society 3 (9): 471–482 V., Bogatyreva, O. practice and theory". Interface A., Bogatyrev, N. R., Bowyer, A. and Pahl, A.-K. (2006)
  22. 22. References : Others• Nanosensors inspired by butterfly wings (Wired UK). Wired.co.uk. Retrieved on 2011-04-23.• Interesting Engineering : http://www.interestingengineering.com/2012/08/bionics-in-medical.html• http://www.ctie.monash.edu/hargrave/rpav_usa.html• http://www.ted.com/talks/neil_harbisson_i_listen_to_color.html• Bionic hand that uses wireless technology unveiled, Mail Online, 6 May 2010
  23. 23. Neil Harbisson: A Real Cyborg

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