Tools For Literacy.2406.Mc Claskey

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Tools For Literacy.2406.Mc Claskey

  1. 1. “Tools for Literacy: Removing Barriers, Empowering Learners, Achieving Results ” Presented by Kathleen H. McClaskey of EdTech Associates® and Joan Sedita of Keys to Literacy™ © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  2. 2. Presentation Roadmap Tools For Literacy The Big Ideas Comprehension Literacy The Tools On Literacy and The Action Plan Activities Technology Main Idea Two-column Two- Vocabulary Topic Web Notes © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  3. 3. The Daily Challenge in Every Classroom The daily challenge for teachers is to teach and improve literacy for ALL learners. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  4. 4. The Primary Goal in Educating Students To build “Independent Learning and Literacy Skills” so that ALL learners have choices in the post secondary world. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  5. 5. What is Literacy? The Traditional Definition The ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  6. 6. What is Literacy? Literacy redefined quot;Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  7. 7. What is Literacy? Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society.quot; - UNESCO © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  8. 8. What is Literacy? Meyer and Rose (2000) calls for an expanded definition of literacy: “The new definition of literacy is based on a different assumption: that digital technology is rapidly becoming a primary carrier of information and that the broader means of expression this technology makes possible are now critical for education. Text literacy is necessary and valuable, but no longer sufficient.” © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  9. 9. 5 Building Blocks To Reading From the National Reading Panel Report (2000) Phonemic Awareness Phonics Fluency Vocabulary Comprehension © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  10. 10. The Importance of Reading “More than any other subject or skill, our children’s futures are all but determined by how well they learn to read.” Children of the Code - www.childrenofthecode.org © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  11. 11. Research-Based Vocabulary Instruction Vocabulary instruction significantly aids comprehension: Readers need to be familiar with at least 90% of words in reading. “From elementary through high school, students need to acquire 2700 - 3000 words per year.” National Research Council Beck and McKeown, 1991 © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  12. 12. Research-Based Vocabulary Instruction • There is no one best method for vocabulary instruction; both direct and indirect instruction is needed • Difference between explicit, systematic instruction vs. incidental exposure • Reading (or being read to) is the single most important factor in increased word knowledge • Memorizing dictionary definitions - not effective © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  13. 13. Research-Based Comprehension Instruction Comprehension monitoring Question answering and generation Graphic organizers/story structure Main idea and summarizing Activating prior knowledge/prediction Cooperative learning Combining more than one strategy Embedding instruction in content classrooms NRP, 2000; Snow, 2002; Carlisle & Rice, 2002; Kamil, Ehren, & Appel, 2004 © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  14. 14. 21st Century Tools To Support Literacy Desktop Tools “No Cost” Tools Online Tools © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  15. 15. 21st Century Tools Readily Available Desktop Tools MSWord® or Open Office - table, highlighting and audio note features Inspiration® 8.0 Kidspiration® 2.1 © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  16. 16. 21st Century Tools No Cost Tools Text-to-speech Tools to read digital text • ReadPlease 2003 (PC) • Natural Reader (PC) • Mac Speech Tool www.readplease.com www.naturalreaders.com © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  17. 17. 21st Century Tools No Cost Tools Word Web (PC) – Desktop Dictionary Thesaurus; 150,000 definitions and 120,000 synonym sets wordweb.info/free © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  18. 18. 21st Century Tools Online Tools MapMyWord Dictionary: An iGoogle visual dictionary/thesaurus © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  19. 19. 21st Century Tools Online Tools Bookshare.org: A repository of some 35,000 K-12 textbooks and books for students with print or visual disabilities. Free to all K-12 and post secondary schools. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  20. 20. 21st Century Tools to Support Comprehension Using technology to support universal researched-based comprehension strategies Identify, understand and categorize vocabulary (before) Main idea topic web (before, during and after) Taking two-column notes (during) * The vocabulary categorizing, main idea topic web, and two-column note activities are comprehension strategies that are part of the Key Three Routine™ © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  21. 21. Topic of Study in Science Topic: Cephalopods Pre-Read article on the web using Natural Reader. www.thecephalopodspage.com © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  22. 22. Web Article in MSWord ® •Copy and paste article in MSWord® •Copy URL and indicate date retrieved •Use the Natural Reader toolbar in MSWord® to read or re-read article © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  23. 23. New Vocabulary Research states that students need to be exposed 11 times to new vocabulary to understand it. Step 1: Identify Step 2: Understand Step 3: Categorize © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  24. 24. New Vocabulary Step 1: Identify using the pink highlighting tool in MSWord® located on the formatting toolbar, identify new vocabulary. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  25. 25. New Vocabulary Step 1: Identify •abyss •invertebrates •bivalves •mammals •brackish water •marine •camouflage •mollusks •cephalopods •nautiluses •chameleon •octopuses •cuttlebone •poles •cuttlefish •squid •gastropods •texture •intertidal •tropics •internalize •vertebrates © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  26. 26. New Vocabulary Step 2: Understand • Create a 4-column table and enter vocabulary in first column • Locate definitions using Word Web and add to second column © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  27. 27. New Vocabulary Step 2: Understand •Select an image for the word and insert in the third column •Use the word in a sentence in the fourth column •Add an audio note (MSWord® sound object) pronouncing the word © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  28. 28. New Vocabulary •Step 3: Categorize Using a MSWord® table, categorize the vocabulary © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  29. 29. Topic Web A before, during and after reading strategy Main idea graphic organizer using Inspiration® 8.0 © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  30. 30. Topic Web Main idea graphic organizer with visuals © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  31. 31. Topic Web Main idea graphic organizer with visuals and hyperlink to a two-column note template (MSWord®) © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  32. 32. Two-Column Note taking Note taking system using MSWord® highlighters to support reading comprehension Yellow: Topic or subtopic in bold Green: Main idea Turquoise: Supporting detail Pink: New vocabulary © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  33. 33. Two-Column Note taking Create a split screen and add details to main ideas © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  34. 34. Recap and Review The Tasks and The Tools for Literacy © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  35. 35. New Vocabulary Tasks Tools •Identify •Understand •Categorize © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  36. 36. Topic Web Tasks Tools Identify and organize main ideas into graphic organizer Supply visuals and hyperlink to two-column notes © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  37. 37. Two-column Note taking Tasks Tools Highlight main ideas and key details while reading Paraphrase supporting details and add to two- column notes © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  38. 38. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy Vocabulary and comprehension instruction needs to be direct, systematic, modeled by the teacher, and supported with guided practice. 21st Century Tools are key in supporting universal literacy instruction. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  39. 39. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy Text-to-speech tools with the ability to convert digital text to MP3 audio files provides another access to what we want students to read. For the PC TextAloud www.nextup.com For the Mac Infovox iVox http://assistiveware.com/infovox_ivox.php © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  40. 40. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy Leverage tools at school and at home to support student literacy and 21st Century Learning Skills •MSWord® •Open Office ® •Inspiration® •Kidspiration® •Natural Reader (PC) •Mac Speech Tools •WordWeb (PC) •Images iPods with earplugs © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  41. 41. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy Access to digital media and technology tools are key in improving literacy for ALL learners © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  42. 42. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy Links to 40 e-book sites and text-to- speech software for PC and Mac Go to www.edtech-associates.com, Click on link to eBooks, eTexts & Readers © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  43. 43. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy Literacy instruction should be research-based. Links to comprehension and vocabulary instruction, research reviews, and over 100 resources and references. www.keystoliteracy.net © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  44. 44. The Big Ideas 21st Century Tools & Literacy For NIMAC FAQ’s go to http://www.nimac.us/faq.html#b The NIMAC is a central repository that will contain the NIMAS (National Instructional Materials Access Standard) files of the elementary and secondary core instructional and related materials. The NIMAC will serve as a conduit through which the files will be made available to authorized users to convert the files into fully accessible textbooks for students. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  45. 45. An Action Plan 21st Century Tools & Literacy Create a School District Leadership Team to Support Researched-based Literacy Instruction and Skills with 21st Century Tools • Technology Director or Coordinator • Special Ed Director • Curriculum Director © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  46. 46. An Action Plan 21st Century Tools & Literacy Develop an inclusive professional development plan to build a human infrastructure to use 21st Century tools with research-based methods and models in literacy. © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  47. 47. An Action Plan 21st Century Tools & Literacy Install a Literacy Toolkit on every computer MSOffice 2003® or Open Office Inspiration® Kidspiration® Natural Reader (PC) ReadPlease 2003 (PC) Mac Speech Tools WordWeb (PC) © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  48. 48. An Action Plan 21st Century Tools & Literacy Make textbooks, reading and curriculum materials accessible to all students • Acquire an account at Bookshare.org • Order the digital media of all textbooks • Obtain software to convert digital files to audio files © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  49. 49. Remember… Literacy Matters! 21st Century Tools Can Make A Difference! © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  50. 50. Contact Us • Kathleen McClaskey – Email: khm@edtech-associates.com – Website: www.edtech-associates.com • Joan Sedita Website: www.keystoliteracy.net EdTech Associates is a registered trademark of EdTech Associates, Inc. Tools for Literacy is a trademark of EdTech Associates, Inc. Keys to Literacy is a trademark of Keys to Literacy, LLC The Key Three Routine is a registered trademark of Keys to Literacy, LLC © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  51. 51. References • Reading and Technology (2004) Northeast and the Islands Regional Technology in Education Consortium (NEIRTEC) project, a collaboration of Education Development Center, Inc. (EDC), TERC, Education Alliance at Brown University and Learning Innovations at WestEd. http://www.neirtec.org/reading_report/ • Learning for the 21st Century (2003). The Partnership for 21st Century Skills. http://www.21stcenturyskills.org/downloads/P21_Report.pdf • Graphic Organizers: A Review of Scientifically Based Research (2003) IARE. http://www.inspiration.com/vlearning/research/index.cfm • Graphic Organizers and Implications for Universal Design for Learning: Curriculum Enhancement Report (2003). National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum, CAST. http://www.k8accesscenter.org/training_resources/udl/graphicorg.asp • Marzano, Robert. Pickering, Debra J. and Pollack, Jane E. (2001) Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement. ASCD. • Beck, I and McKeown, M. (1991) Handbook of Reading Research, National Research Council. • National Reading Panel. (2000). Teaching children to read: An evidence-based assessment of the Scientific research literature on reading and its implications for reading instruction. Washington, DC: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. • Rose, D., & Meyer, A. (2000). The Future is in the Margins: The Role of Technology and Disability in Educational Reform. http://udl.cast.org/udl/index.cfm?i=542 © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  52. 52. Resources www.edtech-associates.com: EdTech Associates offers Consultation and Professional Development Services for schools and school districts to improve academic outcomes and literacy for ALL learners. www.iste.org International Society for Technology in Education – Site for the National Educational Technology Standards for Students, Teachers and Administrators jset.unlv.edu/: Journal for Special Education Technology www.k8accesscenter.org/default.asp: The Access Center - Improving Outcomes for All Students K-8. www.21stcenturyskills.org Partnership for 21st Century Skills www.nationaltechcenter.org/matrix/default.asp NCTI Reading Matrix www.cited.org/: Center for Implementing Technology in Education www.wested.org/cs/tdl/: Using Technology to Support Diverse Learners www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/content/cntareas/reading/li300.htm: Critical Issue: Using Technology to Enhance Literacy Instruction www.childrenofthecode.org: Children of the Code © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita
  53. 53. Presents Workshops that Empower Teaching and Learning 2-day “Tools for Learning”™ Workshop, Grades K-5 or 6-12 Where teachers learn how to develop a “Plan for Learning Diversity” with readily available technology “Tools for Literacy™: Removing Barriers, Empowering Learners, Achieving Results”, Grades K-5 or 6-12 “Tools for Early Literacy”, Pre-K to Grade 2 These workshops meet the NCLB Standards for High Quality Professional Development “Tools for Learning” and “Tools for Literacy” are trademarks of EdTech Associates, Inc © 2008 by Kathleen McClaskey and Joan Sedita

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