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Intro to Reading Fluency
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Intro to Reading Fluency

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Intro to Reading Fluency from Teaching Reading Sourcebook, 2nd edition

Intro to Reading Fluency from Teaching Reading Sourcebook, 2nd edition

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. Section IV: Reading Fluency Teaching Reading Sourcebook 2 nd edition
  • 2. Fluency: The Bridge Between Decoding and Comprehension
    • At one end, fluency connects to accuracy and automaticity (rapid word recognition) in decoding.
    • At the other end, it connects to comprehension through prosody or expressive interpretation.
    • Fluency consists of
      • accuracy
      • rate
      • prosody
    • Fluent readers are able to devote their attention to comprehension.
  • 3. Fluency is
      • Accuracy: This is the ability to recognize or decode words correctly.
      • Rate: This is the speed or ability to read words automatically, which frees cognitive resources for comprehension.
      • Prosody: They are the features that convey information beyond that provided by the actual words themselves: pitch (intonation, inflection), stress patterns, phrasing (chunking groups of phrases into meaningful units).
  • 4. Influences on Reading Fluency
    • Comprehension: It facilitates fluent reading, especially for beginning or struggling readers. Students read words in meaningful context faster than out of context (word lists).
    • Proportion of the words recognized instantaneously or by “sight” (automaticity): This is the most important variable in reading fluency differences.
    • Speed and Accuracy of Decoding: Unfamiliar words must be identified analytically using sound/spelling correspondences or “chunks” of words.
  • 5. Influences on Reading Fluency Continued
    • Metacognition and Purpose for Reading: Students must make decisions or self regulate in terms of rate and prosody, depending on type of text.
    • Vocabulary Size: Words that are part of a student’s oral vocabulary are more easily recognized and understood. How quickly a student accesses known meanings influences rate and prosody.
    • Motivation and Engagement: Fluency is likely to suffer if a student is not motivated to read or if the text is not engaging.