Situated Computing vs.  Ubiquitous Computing: The Importance of Place Joe McCarthy Principal Instigator, Strands Labs Seat...
Outline <ul><li>A Brief, Biased Review of Ubiquitous Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Situated Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Proa...
Strands: social recommendation & discovery http://blog.strands.com Strands develops technologies to better understand peop...
Principal Instigator: Definition ˈprin(t)-s(ə-)pəl adjective   most important, consequential, or influential ˈin(t)-stə-ˌg...
Major Trends in Computing The Three Waves of Computing, Mark Weiser, 1990
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the  closet , …
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the  closet ,  beyond the  desktop , …
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the  closet , beyond the  desktop , and into  the office (from kraka.com)
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the  closet , beyond the  desktop , and into  the kitchen Beyond Microwave Oven (W...
Ubiquitous Computing and Toasters Simon Hackett & John Romkey Internet Toaster InterOp 1990 & 1991 Robin Southgate Weather...
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the  closet , beyond the  desktop , and into  fields & streets Vineyard in Oregon ...
Major Trends in Computing Places <ul><li>Out of the  closet , beyond the  desktop , and into …  people? </li></ul>Mexico A...
Ubiquitous Computing: anything, anywhere, anyone Chris Oakley,  The Catalogue http://www.chrisoakley.com/the_catalogue.htm...
Everywhere vs. Certain Places ... …  Ubiquitous Computing vs. Situated Computing
Ubiquitous vs. Situated Displays Elevators Taxis (London) Buses  (Milwaukee, WI) Escalators Times Square (New York) Shibuy...
Proactive Displays: Definition ( ˌ )prō- ˈ ak-tiv  adjective   acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or change...
Early examples of proactive displays Dangling String (PARC) Bus Mobile (UC Berkeley)
Proactive displays in the large Sunset @ 200MHz (PARC)
Proactive displays on the road Alaris E-boards (www.alaris.net)
Proactive displays on the wall Humanlocator.org
Proactive Displays in a store iCapture™ iGaze™ tru-media.com
Proactive displays in a store, circa 2054
Proactive Displays + Online Profiles Physical  Tokens + Large Displays Better Real-world Interactions Bridging the gaps be...
1st Generation Proactive Displays MUSICFX MusicFX: An Arbiter of Group Preferences for Computer-Supported Cooperative Work...
2nd Generation Proactive Displays Visual Awareness Location Tools (ACTIVEMAP & EVENTMANAGER) ActiveMap: A Visualization To...
3rd Generation Proactive Displays UNICAST, OUTCAST, GROUPCAST: Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays UniCast, OutCast & GroupCast...
4th Generation Proactive Displays Augmenting the Social Space of an Academic Conference Joseph F. McCarthy, David W. McDon...
4th Generation Proactive Displays (v 2) promoting awareness and interactions at a variety of events TICKET2TALK (@ Interre...
5th Generation Proactive Displays The Context, Content & Community Collage: Sharing Personal Digital Media in the Physical...
A User-Generated Video on Proactive Displays http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5rU9cAiYsY
Creating C3 Collage Accounts
Interactions  with  displays
Locations (mock-up)
 
Positive / Negative Impact (Personal / Professional)
The Latest Generation of Proactive Displays <ul><li>Shortcomings of previous efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single sensors ...
CoffeeStrands™: A Proactive Displays in a Café  Proactive displays that enable café staff and customers to share digital r...
Why Cafés? Connection, Community & Coffeehouses
The dark side of cafés, technology and community Cyber-nomads are “ hollowing out ” cafés that offer WiFi, rendering them ...
Our goals <ul><li>Take what coffeehouses already have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inviting spaces for people (including customer...
How? <ul><li>Sensing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phones (BT, SMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wi...
Which Café?: Trabant Coffee & Chai Lounge
Location matters
CoffeeStrands: System Architecture <ul><li>Display (Community Collage, or CoCo™) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3D dynamic collage ...
CoffeeStrands: Welcome
CoffeeStrands: Stream (history)
CoffeeStrands: People
CoffeeStrands: My Profile
CoffeeStrands: My Profile (edit)
CoffeeStrands: My Stuff
CoCo in situ
CoffeeStrands: CoCo™ (Community Collage) display
CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: 3D semi-random pan
CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: greeting
CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: direct message
CoCo: Current Stats Feature Count (10-Sep-2008) Users 86 Items 1175 Comments 581 Votes 237 Check-ins 222
CoCo: Future Work <ul><li>Presence Detection: SMS check-in </li></ul><ul><li>Other devices: Chumby, iPhone, CoffeeCam </li...
Conclusion <ul><li>Ubiquitous Computing  holds great promise </li></ul><ul><li>Situated Computing  – ubiquitous computing ...
Acknowledgements / Contact info <ul><li>For more information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://labs.strands.com/seattle </li><...
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  • Good morning. I am honored and delighted to have been invited to join you this morning to talk about ubiquitous computing and an important subarea within ubiquitous computing, what we might call situated computing.
  • Situated Computing U Korea Forum 20080924 Draft

    1. 1. Situated Computing vs. Ubiquitous Computing: The Importance of Place Joe McCarthy Principal Instigator, Strands Labs Seattle Co-Chair, UbiComp 2008 Program Committee Chair, UbiComp Steering Committee
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>A Brief, Biased Review of Ubiquitous Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Situated Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive Displays </li></ul><ul><li>Future Prospects </li></ul><ul><li>Question and Answers </li></ul>
    3. 3. Strands: social recommendation & discovery http://blog.strands.com Strands develops technologies to better understand people's taste and help them discover things they like and didn't know about.
    4. 4. Principal Instigator: Definition ˈprin(t)-s(ə-)pəl adjective most important, consequential, or influential ˈin(t)-stə-ˌgā-tər Noun one who goads or urges forward : provocateur Alternate: Director, Strands Lab Seattle
    5. 5. Major Trends in Computing The Three Waves of Computing, Mark Weiser, 1990
    6. 6. Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , …
    7. 7. Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , …
    8. 8. Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into the office (from kraka.com)
    9. 9. Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into the kitchen Beyond Microwave Oven (Westinghouse) NCR Microwave Bank Electrolux ScreenFridge
    10. 10. Ubiquitous Computing and Toasters Simon Hackett & John Romkey Internet Toaster InterOp 1990 & 1991 Robin Southgate Weather Toaster Brunel Univ. (UK) June 2001 Joe Klingler ToAsTOr December 2002
    11. 11. Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into fields & streets Vineyard in Oregon Great Duck Island, Maine Phone booths in Seattle Store fronts in New York
    12. 12. Major Trends in Computing Places <ul><li>Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into … people? </li></ul>Mexico Attorney General Spain Beach Club Cincinnati, OH Tommy Thompson Gov WI, Sec HHS, Applied Digital John Halamka, M.D., CIO Harvard Medical School ?
    13. 13. Ubiquitous Computing: anything, anywhere, anyone Chris Oakley, The Catalogue http://www.chrisoakley.com/the_catalogue.html http://www.spychips.com
    14. 14. Everywhere vs. Certain Places ... … Ubiquitous Computing vs. Situated Computing
    15. 15. Ubiquitous vs. Situated Displays Elevators Taxis (London) Buses (Milwaukee, WI) Escalators Times Square (New York) Shibuya District (Tokyo)
    16. 16. Proactive Displays: Definition ( ˌ )prō- ˈ ak-tiv adjective acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes di- ˈ splā noun a setting or presentation of something in open view Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond in contextually appropriate ways to the people and/or activities going on in a place
    17. 17. Early examples of proactive displays Dangling String (PARC) Bus Mobile (UC Berkeley)
    18. 18. Proactive displays in the large Sunset @ 200MHz (PARC)
    19. 19. Proactive displays on the road Alaris E-boards (www.alaris.net)
    20. 20. Proactive displays on the wall Humanlocator.org
    21. 21. Proactive Displays in a store iCapture™ iGaze™ tru-media.com
    22. 22. Proactive displays in a store, circa 2054
    23. 23. Proactive Displays + Online Profiles Physical Tokens + Large Displays Better Real-world Interactions Bridging the gaps between people by bridging the gaps between the online and offline worlds = Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond to the people and/or activities going on in a place
    24. 24. 1st Generation Proactive Displays MUSICFX MusicFX: An Arbiter of Group Preferences for Computer-Supported Cooperative Workouts Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore Anagnost 1998 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW ‘98) A Multi-Agent System for Meting Out Influence in an Intelligent Environment M. V. Nagendra Prasad and Joseph F. McCarthy Eleventh Innovative Applications in Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI ‘99) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLgXLl4uGYk a group recommender system for selecting music in a fitness center
    25. 25. 2nd Generation Proactive Displays Visual Awareness Location Tools (ACTIVEMAP & EVENTMANAGER) ActiveMap: A Visualization Tool for Location Awareness to Support Informal Interactions Joseph F. McCarthy and Eric S. Meidel First International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC '99) EventManager: Support for the Peripheral Awareness of Events Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore D. Anagnost. Second International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC 2000) promoting greater awareness of the location and activities of coworkers
    26. 26. 3rd Generation Proactive Displays UNICAST, OUTCAST, GROUPCAST: Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays UniCast, OutCast & GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays Joseph F. McCarthy, Tony J. Costa and Edy S. Liongosari Third International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2001) Promoting Awareness of Work Activities through Peripheral Displays Elaine M. Huang, Joe Tullio, Tony J. Costa and Joseph F. McCarthy 2002 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems (CHI 2002) promoting awareness and interactions in the office
    27. 27. 4th Generation Proactive Displays Augmenting the Social Space of an Academic Conference Joseph F. McCarthy, David W. McDonald, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM 2004 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2004) Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness in Fluid Social Environments David W. McDonald, Joseph F. McCarthy, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interactions (TOCHI), Vol. 14, No. 4, January 2008 promoting awareness and interactions at a conference AUTOSPEAKERID, TICKET2TALK, NEIGHBORHOOD WINDOW
    28. 28. 4th Generation Proactive Displays (v 2) promoting awareness and interactions at a variety of events TICKET2TALK (@ Interrelativity)
    29. 29. 5th Generation Proactive Displays The Context, Content & Community Collage: Sharing Personal Digital Media in the Physical Workplace Joseph F. McCarthy, Ben Congleton, F. Maxwell Harper To appear: ACM 2008 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2008) promoting awareness and interactions in the office THE CONTEXT, CONTENT & COMMUNITY COLLAGE
    30. 30. A User-Generated Video on Proactive Displays http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5rU9cAiYsY
    31. 31. Creating C3 Collage Accounts
    32. 32. Interactions with displays
    33. 33. Locations (mock-up)
    34. 35. Positive / Negative Impact (Personal / Professional)
    35. 36. The Latest Generation of Proactive Displays <ul><li>Shortcomings of previous efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single sensors (Infrared, RFID, Bluetooth) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special-purpose profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special-purpose installations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goals of present / future efforts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple sensors (Cards, WiFi, SMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-purpose profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-purpose installations </li></ul></ul>
    36. 37. CoffeeStrands™: A Proactive Displays in a Café Proactive displays that enable café staff and customers to share digital representations of their interests and activities in the shared physical context of the coffeehouse, using loyalty cards, Bluetooth phones, SMS messages and/or laptops
    37. 38. Why Cafés? Connection, Community & Coffeehouses
    38. 39. The dark side of cafés, technology and community Cyber-nomads are “ hollowing out ” cafés that offer WiFi, rendering them “ physcially inhabited but psychologically evacuated” leaving people “ more isolated than they would be if the café were merely empty.” -- James E. Katz, Professor of Communications, Rutgers University
    39. 40. Our goals <ul><li>Take what coffeehouses already have </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inviting spaces for people (including customers) to hang out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large displays, posters, cork bulletin boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee, music, art, people, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotional signage & brochures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Products / services to sell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add what many people really want </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect more effectively with others, creating a stronger sense of community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate awareness, interactions and relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring the richness of online social networking into a physical place </li></ul></ul>A Place-Based Social Networking Service
    40. 41. How? <ul><li>Sensing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phones (BT, SMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WiFi laptops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Responding: user-generated content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tap into existing social media streams (Flickr, Twitter, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open physical, real-time channel (partyStrands, Wiffiti, … </li></ul></ul>
    41. 42. Which Café?: Trabant Coffee & Chai Lounge
    42. 43. Location matters
    43. 44. CoffeeStrands: System Architecture <ul><li>Display (Community Collage, or CoCo™) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3D dynamic collage of content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presence Detector(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty card reader, Bluetooth, SMS, WiFi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web interface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User profile maintenance & viewing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting, commenting, flagging, messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admin: café content, moderation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Database </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User profiles (contact info, media) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History of content shown on display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata (votes, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web server </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects / controls all of the above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content selection algorithm </li></ul></ul>
    44. 45. CoffeeStrands: Welcome
    45. 46. CoffeeStrands: Stream (history)
    46. 47. CoffeeStrands: People
    47. 48. CoffeeStrands: My Profile
    48. 49. CoffeeStrands: My Profile (edit)
    49. 50. CoffeeStrands: My Stuff
    50. 51. CoCo in situ
    51. 52. CoffeeStrands: CoCo™ (Community Collage) display
    52. 53. CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: 3D semi-random pan
    53. 54. CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: greeting
    54. 55. CoffeeStrands, CoCo display: direct message
    55. 56. CoCo: Current Stats Feature Count (10-Sep-2008) Users 86 Items 1175 Comments 581 Votes 237 Check-ins 222
    56. 57. CoCo: Future Work <ul><li>Presence Detection: SMS check-in </li></ul><ul><li>Other devices: Chumby, iPhone, CoffeeCam </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple locations </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives / Promotions </li></ul><ul><li>Funtivities </li></ul><ul><li>New visualization(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Media linking </li></ul><ul><li>Augmented profiles </li></ul><ul><li>Favoriting / following </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook integration </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with Strands.com </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing challenge: how much of online social networking services to re-create </li></ul>
    57. 58. Conclusion <ul><li>Ubiquitous Computing holds great promise </li></ul><ul><li>Situated Computing – ubiquitous computing in specific places - can increase benefits while decreasing risks </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive Displays – a class of situated computing applications – can sense & respond to people in contextually appropriate ways, providing place-based social networking services in a variety of places: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cafés </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The greatest promise for the future of ubiquitous computing is to open up new portals between the online and offline worlds , in ways that provide benefits for all stakeholders . </li></ul>
    58. 59. Acknowledgements / Contact info <ul><li>For more information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://labs.strands.com/seattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://gumption.typepad.com/blog/strands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://interrelativity.com/joe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>Yogi Patel Innovation Engineer Sameer Ahuja Former Intern (Virginia Tech) Shelly Farnham Researcher Richie Hazlewood Intern (Indiana Univ.) Josh Lind Designer/ Developer Dan Norman Designer Thanks! Questions?
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