Good morning. I am honored and delighted to have been invited to join you this morning to talk about ubiquitous computing and an important subarea within ubiquitous computing, what we might call situated computing.
Situated Computing vs. Ubiquitous Computing: The Importance of Place Joe McCarthy Principal Instigator, Strands Labs Seattle Co-Chair, UbiComp 2008 Program Committee Chair, UbiComp Steering Committee
Strands: social recommendation & discovery http://blog.strands.com Strands develops technologies to better understand people's taste and help them discover things they like and didn't know about.
Principal Instigator: Definition ˈprin(t)-s(ə-)pəl adjective most important, consequential, or influential ˈin(t)-stə-ˌgā-tər Noun one who goads or urges forward : provocateur Alternate: Director, Strands Lab Seattle
Major Trends in Computing The Three Waves of Computing, Mark Weiser, 1990
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , …
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , …
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into the office (from kraka.com)
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into the kitchen Beyond Microwave Oven (Westinghouse) NCR Microwave Bank Electrolux ScreenFridge
Ubiquitous Computing and Toasters Simon Hackett & John Romkey Internet Toaster InterOp 1990 & 1991 Robin Southgate Weather Toaster Brunel Univ. (UK) June 2001 Joe Klingler ToAsTOr December 2002
Major Trends in Computing Places Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into fields & streets Vineyard in Oregon Great Duck Island, Maine Phone booths in Seattle Store fronts in New York
Out of the closet , beyond the desktop , and into … people?
Mexico Attorney General Spain Beach Club Cincinnati, OH Tommy Thompson Gov WI, Sec HHS, Applied Digital John Halamka, M.D., CIO Harvard Medical School ?
Ubiquitous Computing: anything, anywhere, anyone Chris Oakley, The Catalogue http://www.chrisoakley.com/the_catalogue.html http://www.spychips.com
Everywhere vs. Certain Places ... … Ubiquitous Computing vs. Situated Computing
Ubiquitous vs. Situated Displays Elevators Taxis (London) Buses (Milwaukee, WI) Escalators Times Square (New York) Shibuya District (Tokyo)
Proactive Displays: Definition ( ˌ )prō- ˈ ak-tiv adjective acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes di- ˈ splā noun a setting or presentation of something in open view Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond in contextually appropriate ways to the people and/or activities going on in a place
Early examples of proactive displays Dangling String (PARC) Bus Mobile (UC Berkeley)
Proactive displays in the large Sunset @ 200MHz (PARC)
Proactive displays on the road Alaris E-boards (www.alaris.net)
Proactive displays on the wall Humanlocator.org
Proactive Displays in a store iCapture™ iGaze™ tru-media.com
Proactive Displays + Online Profiles Physical Tokens + Large Displays Better Real-world Interactions Bridging the gaps between people by bridging the gaps between the online and offline worlds = Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond to the people and/or activities going on in a place
1st Generation Proactive Displays MUSICFX MusicFX: An Arbiter of Group Preferences for Computer-Supported Cooperative Workouts Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore Anagnost 1998 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW ‘98) A Multi-Agent System for Meting Out Influence in an Intelligent Environment M. V. Nagendra Prasad and Joseph F. McCarthy Eleventh Innovative Applications in Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI ‘99) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLgXLl4uGYk a group recommender system for selecting music in a fitness center
2nd Generation Proactive Displays Visual Awareness Location Tools (ACTIVEMAP & EVENTMANAGER) ActiveMap: A Visualization Tool for Location Awareness to Support Informal Interactions Joseph F. McCarthy and Eric S. Meidel First International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC '99) EventManager: Support for the Peripheral Awareness of Events Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore D. Anagnost. Second International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC 2000) promoting greater awareness of the location and activities of coworkers
3rd Generation Proactive Displays UNICAST, OUTCAST, GROUPCAST: Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays UniCast, OutCast & GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays Joseph F. McCarthy, Tony J. Costa and Edy S. Liongosari Third International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2001) Promoting Awareness of Work Activities through Peripheral Displays Elaine M. Huang, Joe Tullio, Tony J. Costa and Joseph F. McCarthy 2002 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems (CHI 2002) promoting awareness and interactions in the office
4th Generation Proactive Displays Augmenting the Social Space of an Academic Conference Joseph F. McCarthy, David W. McDonald, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM 2004 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2004) Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness in Fluid Social Environments David W. McDonald, Joseph F. McCarthy, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interactions (TOCHI), Vol. 14, No. 4, January 2008 promoting awareness and interactions at a conference AUTOSPEAKERID, TICKET2TALK, NEIGHBORHOOD WINDOW
4th Generation Proactive Displays (v 2) promoting awareness and interactions at a variety of events TICKET2TALK (@ Interrelativity)
5th Generation Proactive Displays The Context, Content & Community Collage: Sharing Personal Digital Media in the Physical Workplace Joseph F. McCarthy, Ben Congleton, F. Maxwell Harper To appear: ACM 2008 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2008) promoting awareness and interactions in the office THE CONTEXT, CONTENT & COMMUNITY COLLAGE
A User-Generated Video on Proactive Displays http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m5rU9cAiYsY
CoffeeStrands™: A Proactive Displays in a Café Proactive displays that enable café staff and customers to share digital representations of their interests and activities in the shared physical context of the coffeehouse, using loyalty cards, Bluetooth phones, SMS messages and/or laptops
Why Cafés? Connection, Community & Coffeehouses
The dark side of cafés, technology and community Cyber-nomads are “ hollowing out ” cafés that offer WiFi, rendering them “ physcially inhabited but psychologically evacuated” leaving people “ more isolated than they would be if the café were merely empty.” -- James E. Katz, Professor of Communications, Rutgers University
Situated Computing – ubiquitous computing in specific places - can increase benefits while decreasing risks
Proactive Displays – a class of situated computing applications – can sense & respond to people in contextually appropriate ways, providing place-based social networking services in a variety of places:
The greatest promise for the future of ubiquitous computing is to open up new portals between the online and offline worlds , in ways that provide benefits for all stakeholders .