Slide 1 Legal requirements The aim To ensure the health, safety and welfare of persons at work The act The OHS Act 2004 provides a framework for improving health & safety standards and reducing injuries in the workplace
Slide 2 Legal requirements Working safely in a productive environment • reduces accidents • reduces time off work • avoids disease and chronic injuries • builds stronger morale between employer & employees Death, disability or injury • lowers employee self-esteem • reduces promotional opportunity • can lower a person’s income
Slide 3 Legal requirements Employer concerns • loss of productivity • insurance premiums will rise • casual and new employee training costs will rise Workplace safety representative • a person elected by the employees to negotiate health and safety issues, between the employer and the employees
Slide 4 Legal requirements Employer responsibilities • protect the health & safety of employees • provide a safe working environment • provide support services • monitor the health of employees & workplace conditions
Slide 5 Legal requirements Employee responsibilities • take care of your own health & safety and others, who may be affected by your acts in the workplace • avoid practical jokes which could harm others • follow all reasonable directions by the employer in relation to health & safety.
Slide 13 Manual handling resource Computer file Video cassette
Slide 14 Manual handling Use suitable lifting equipment where required Use the correct manual lifting technique Size up the load first • get help if you need it • make allowances for its size and weight Position the feet correctly • place your feet as close as possible to the load • check that your footing is secure • adopt a balanced position with your knees bent
Slide 15 Manual handling Obtain a proper hold • get a secure grip diagonally opposite on the object with the palms of you hands Maintain a straight back • keep the upper part of your body as straight as possible
Slide 16 Manual handling Keep your head up and chin in • take a deep breath,begin to raise the load by straightening your legs • complete the lift keeping your back straight Keep your arms in close to your body • it is essential to keep your back straight, when lowering the load
Occupational Health & SafetyPortable fire extinguishers
Fire extinguishers resourceComputer fileVideo cassette
Slide 17 Elements of a fire Fuel combustible materials such as solids, liquids and gases Heat sufficient heat energy must be applied to raise the fuel to it’s ignition temperature Oxygen sufficient oxygen must be present in the atmosphere surrounding the fuel for fire to burn
Slide 18 Elements of a fire The fire triangle Oxygen Heat O2 • remove or • remove heat exclude air by by cooling smothering burning fuel Fuel • remove fuel and starve the fire
Slide 19 Classifying fires Class A Combustible materials such as: • paper • cloth • wood
Slide 20 Classifying fires Class B Flammable liquids such as • petrol • oils • thinners.
Slide 21 Classifying fires Class C Flammable gas such as: • LPG • acetylene
Slide 22 Classifying fires Class E Live electrical equipment such as: • motors • generators • wiring • electronic equipment.
Occupational Health & SafetyTypes of fire extinguishers
Slide 23 Types of fire extinguishers Water (Red) Suitable on Class A fires. • not considered effective on Class B and C fires Dangerous if used on: • electrical equipment • cooking oils and fats.
Slide 24 Types of fire extinguishers Foam (Red with blue band) The old extinguisher was Blue Suitable on Class B fires • may be used on Class A Not effective on Class C fires and dangerous if used on: • electrical equipment (conductive)
Slide 25 Types of fire extinguishers Dry chemical powder (Red with white band) Suitable on class A, class B, class C and class E fires. They are not considered effective on class A fires.
Slide 26 Types of fire extinguishers Carbon dioxide C02 (Red with black band) Suitable on class E fires Limited effectiveness on • class A • class B • class C
Slide 27 Operating the fire extinguisher P pull the pin A aim the nozzle at the base of the fire S squeeze the handle and release the extinguisher agent S sweep from side to side across the base of the fire
Occupational Health & SafetyMaterial safety data sheets
Slide 28 Material safety data sheets Introduction • company name • address • telephone number Identification • product name • product numbers • physical and chemical descriptions Health hazard information • health effects • first aid recommendations
Slide 29 Material safety data sheets Precautions for use • exposure levels • engineering controls • personal protection • level of flammability Safe handling information • control of spills and safe disposal • fire explosion hazard information Toxic material • toxicity information
Slide 30 Hazard warning labels Provides fire fighting information • provides P.P.E. required • information on control of spillage • whether there is a chance of a violent reaction • identifies evacuation requirements • substance identification • emergency contact details
Occupational Health & SafetyWorkplace emergency response
Slide 31 Workplace emergency response • turn off machines and /or equipment immediately • signal for help and administer FIRST AID if necessary • isolate accident area and machinery involved • report any equipment failure • evacuate area if necessary
Slide 32 Safety alarms • on hearing the alarm, stay calm and prepare to evacuate • leave on hearing the evacuation alarm • follow emergency exit signs • obey building wardens • move away from the building • do not re-enter the building