We must learn and use phrasal verbs to understand thespoken language in EnglishThere are four types of phrasal verbs : separable;inseparable; three word phrasal verbs; intransitive (they donot folowed by an object)Type 1: verb + preposition /separable = can take an object)(optional)e.g.: fill out; get down; print out; type in, sort out ;connect up;put in; run offType 2: verb + prepositon (inseparable) (objects comes afterthe preposition or particle )e.g.: look after; call on; draw up; come up; grow up, passaway, take afterType 3: three word pharasl verbs (verb + prepositioninseparable: keep up with; log onto; look forward to; put upwith; grow into
Type 4: verb + prep. (with no object) drop by, get up, breakdown, go back, catch onIn terms of meaning, phrasal verbs can be difficult becausethe meaning of the phrasal verbs is not the same as themeaning of the verb plus the meaning of the preposition -they are idiomatic. They are very rare in news and academicwriting because they are colloquial.Type1. Separable phrasal verbs: with separable verbs, theobject goes either between the verb and thepreposition or after the preposition: Clean up the room. Ihave not cleaned it up yet. (a pronoun object must gobetween the verb and the particle) (optional)b) with a few transitive phrasal verbs, we must place theobject (noun, noun phrase, pronoun) between the verb andthe particle: They invested all their money in crystal business.
You have to do this paint over.You have to do over the paint job. (do over = do somethingagain) You have to do it over.He filled out the application form.He filled the application form out.He filled it out. (fill out = to complete the form)I looked up the word in my dictionary.I looked the word up in my dictionary.I looked it up in my dictionary. (look up= find in a book)Type 2: inseparable phrasal verbs:The students went over the material before the exam. (goover = review) Look after = take careTheir aunt look after the children when their mother is inhospital
Call on = ask for helpThe President called on the wealthy countries forfinancial aid after the floods destroyed much of thecountrys agriculture.Draw up = to prepare a contractA contract was drawn up by the football director to geta new footballer from Spain’s Barcelona Madrid.Come up = appearI will be late for home tonight because something hascome up at work that has to be ready for tomorrowmorning.Run across = find by chance I ran across my old roommate at the diplomaceremony.
Type 3 : three word phrasal verbkeep up with = move at the same rate. He walks too fast andit is really hard to keep up with him.Log onto = enter a computer system – He log onto hiscomputer and enter his password.Look into = to research, investigateWe will look into the problem and come back to you when wehave the information.Look forward to = wait for something pleasantI am looking forward to meeting you.Put up with = tolerateI can’t put up with my neighbour’s noise any longer; it’sdriving me mad.Get away with = not get caught, punished for doing smthwrong.Thieves got away with two Picassos which were never found.
Type 4 - Phrasal verbs which don’t take objectDrop by = pay a short visitHe dropped by on his way back from work.Catch on = become popularMini skirts really catching on among teenagers this spring.Get up: get out of bedI get up at 7 o’clock on weekdays but lie in till noon at theweekend.Break down = start cryingHe broke down in tears when he learned that his son wasshot by the terrorists.Go back = return to; start doing something againWe went back to work after the break.Make up = stop being angry with someoneThey are always arguing but they make up again very quickly.
Some examples of phrasal verbsStop off = break a journey (does not take object)We stopped off for lunch at nice fast food restaurantabout half way Bodrum , then continued driving.On my way home from work yesterday, I stopped off atmy local supermarket.Pick up (separable) (optional) = collect a thing and bringback to your home .While you are in the city center, can you pick up mytrousers from the dry cleaner?Can you pick up some friends of mine on your way to theparty? They are going too.While I was in the market I picked up some coconuts.
Wrap in = to cover/put a paper or a piece of cloth around athing or a person. (separable)Have you wrapped Father’s present in pretty paper?The baby was wrapped in wool clothes and he was too hot onsuch a sunny day.I was amazed that each coconut was wrapped in clear, thinplastic.Cut down = cut something from a higher position(separable/optional)After Christmas he didn’t carefully take off all the decorations,he just cut them all down.The packaging helps to keep the product fresh; it cuts downthe damage if the product gets broken.Get into (three word phrasal verb) = to become part ofsomething or be accepted as a memberShe did well in the University Entrance Exam and got into the first university he wanted
She did well and got into Cambridge University.Plastic packaging stops coconut hairs from getting into otherfood during transportation.Put on = to place something on top of something.(separable/optional)I can’t put the lid on, the box is too full.Throw away = get rid of something when you no longer needit. (separable/optional)I threw the alarm clock away because it had stopped working.In the UK, people throw a huge amount of packaging away.Give out = to give something to a group of people; distribute.(separable/optional)The political party was giving free caps and calendars out infront of the underground station.The main supermarkets in the UK give 17 billion plastic bagsout a year.
Go into = a lot of time and energy is spent to do somethingbecause you think it is important (inseparable – the objectmust come after the particle)A lot of time and effort went into this book.A lot of thought now goes into the design of packaging, sothat we use the minimum amount of material.End up = to finish by becoming/doing somethingThe general began his army life as a soldier and end up as aruler of his country.He started his job as an office boy at a real estate agency butafter sometime he ended up owning such a lot of property.After inheriting a large amount of money from his father heended up poor when he died.(b) To arrive at or in a place accidently after time or events.You will end up in a prison if you keep on breaking the rules ofdoing fair business.
They use biodegradable materials in packaging and theseend up as water vapur.If you don’t know how to get to the address you will neverknow where you are going to end up.Be careful when you play with animals you might end upgetting hurt.Go up = rise or climb (does not take an object)The price of petrol has gone up sharply because of the taxthe government has to give to oil producers.The amount of packaging waste that’s recovered and recycledin the UK has been going up some time.Break up = break into many pieces (separable/optional)The plate broke up when he dropped on the floor.Without sun, air and water, the biodegradabe rubbish bag willnot break up in fifteen days.
Go on = to continue doing something (takes no object)He went on and on and I was so bored.Changes in society are going on which affect the amount ofpackaging .When you have finished answering these questions go onto page 41.After introducing the speaker the chairman went on to givethe details of the meeting.Pull together = work together as a team; to work togetherso as to help a common effort. (takes no object)If we all pull together, we will finish the job in a short time.Everyone has to pull together on producing less rubbish.We must all pull together if we are to win this election.